domenica 3 luglio 2022

Wolfgang Bueschel: log of July 2nd and 3rd

Log July 2nd at 00.00 UT - 00.30 UT

5024.995 CUB Radio Rebelde, from Bauta site. Spanish 00.04 UT.
5039.998 CUB RHC Bauta, scheduled 'likely' Creole 00.07 UT.
5990even CUB CRI Beijing. Spanish via Quivican San Felipe Titan site,
S=8 in Edmonton, Alberta-CAN, 00.08 UT. see hx 11980 kHz too.

6000even CUB RHC via Quivican San Felipe Titan 250kW site,
at 00.10 UT on July 2nd, much low MUFFLED audio noted today.
and \\ accompanied
12000even CUB Quivican unit harmonic outlet, same bad audio quality.
Both left the air at exact 06.00 UT.

6165even CUB RHC Bauta poor signal at 00.13 UT. Much better audio
quality noted when compared with 6000 / 12000 at 05.59 UT.
9535.005 CUB RHC Bejucal 100 kW unit, 230degr to MEX-GTM-CTR-Panama,
S=9+10dB in Edmonton, at 00.16 UT July 2nd.
9650even CUB RHC Bejucal 50 kW unit, 110degr S=9+5dB towards Antilles,
Suriname, Trinidad, Guyana. 00.18 UT.
11670even CUB RHC Bauta Spanish at 130degr towards Brazil at 00.20 UT,
much, much DISTORTED audio quality of S=9+20dB backlobe.
Broad 34 kHz wideband audio block visible.
11760even CUB RHC Bauta, non-directional to Caribbean target, Sp at 00.22
S=9+5dB strength.
11850 kHz CUB RHC Quivican Spanish at 170degr towards western LatinAM
Chile azimuth, NOT ON AIR at 00.24 UT, empty channel, nor on
spurs 11840/11860 kHz visible.
11980even CUB CRI Beijing. Spanish via Quivican San Felipe Titan site,
S=8 in Edmonton, Alberta-CAN, 00.26 UT, see fundamental 5990 kHz
13600even JPN NHK Radio Japan, Yamata center, Indonesian, S=7 at 00.28 UT
13740even CUB RHC Bauta, Spanish at Buenos Aires target 160degr azimuth
at 00.30 UT.

and log on July 3rd at 05.00 - 07.00 UT

5024.996 CUB Radio Rebelde, from Bauta site. Spanish pop mx at 05.03 UT,
S=9 in NY state east coast.
5039.998 CUB RHC Bauta, Spanish progr at S=8 level, at 05.06 UT.
5085even USA WTWW, nice female singer at 05.10 UT, S=9+10dB in NY state.

TOM Brother Stair program at 05.14 UT on RMI 5800 kHz stronger than 5850
kHz; and WWCR 5889.995 kHz S=9+10dB in NY state; RMI 9395even
S=9+10dB, and RMI 9955even kHz S=9+10dB strength. Also \\ on
9399.999 BUL Brother Stair program at 05.36 UT noted also in NY state
and in central Europe, S=9+10dB;
via SPC-NURTS Spaceline Ltd. Sofia Kostinbrod Bulgaria relay.

5935even USA WWCR not TOM, but female pastor U.N. sermon. S=9+15db 05.16
5970even USA WEWN3 Birmingham in Spanish, S=8 in NY state at 05.18 UT.
6000even CUB RHC English via Quivican San Felipe Titan site, S=9+15dB
at 05.21-til 06.00* UT off, and \\
6165even CUB RHC English via Bauta site, S=8 in NY state at 05.24 UT.
6184.969 MEX XEPPM R Educacion, Mexido D.F., Spanish, S=7 at 05.26 UT.
6159.942 USA WBCQ at Maine near Canadian border site, S=5 at 05.30 UT.

9264.986 USA WINB from Red Lion TN, poor S=4 signal at 05.33 UT.
9410.001 CVA BBC London En via VR Santa Maria di Galeria bcast center,
S=7 at 05.38 UT on July 3rd.
9440even GB BBC London in Hausa, via ENC Woofferton site, S=6 at 05.40
9455even USA WRMI Okeechobee, En, S=6 in NY state, likely SMTV program ?
9660even ROU RRI Bucharest in En via Galbeni site, S=7 at 05.44 UT.
9770.005 TUR Voice of Turkey via Emirler, in Turkish at 04.00-05.58 UT
S=7 in NY state at 05.45 UT.
9805 kHz CUBan broadband SCRATCH noise jamming against previous R Marti
fq channels, 2 x 3 kHz wideband audio noise at 05.47 UT, S=7
in NY state.
9915.011 MDG BBC London in English 05-06 UT, via MGLOB Talata Volonondry
Madagascar relay facility, S=9+5dB in NY state, 05.50 UT July 3,
and see also \\ 9410 kHz via CVA relay - above.
9939.986 USA WTWW Lebanon TN state likely, English pop songs at 05.53UT
'George Harrison in 1971' ... 'Ringo Star' ... performance,
S=9+15dB in Rochester NY state.
9974.998 USA KVOH ID. heard "Voice of Hope" pop mx at 05.56 UT,
S=7 in NY state.

11655.002 D__ BVB Arabic sce at 06.00-06.15 UT via MBR Nauen 100 kW site
on lower power, westerly away of the 500 kW ALLISS MBR center.
S=7 side lobe at 06.08 UT.
11670even CUB RHC Bauta English sce, DISTORTED much bad wideband 34 kHz
broad covered ! S=9+10dB powerful in NY state, at 05.58 UT.
11730even F__ NHK Radio Japan World in Arabic, at 06.00-06.30 UT via
TDF Issoudun relay, sidelobe S=6 in NY-US state at 06.03 UT.
11745.014 ARS Saudi army 'Al-Azm-Radio" from Jeddah site, in Arabic
S=5 poor signal noted even in eastern USA at 06.05 UT, when
daytime path started already between Saudi Arabia and Northern
Atlantic Ocean.
11775.020 CUB Another Cuban scratch jammer noise transmission at 06.06 UT
11815even CVA Vatican Radio Ukrainian mass service 06.05-07.00 UT, S=7-8
in Rochester NY, at 06.10 UT, and also string visible co-channel
11815.023 BRA R Brazil Central, but on low power during the winter time
in the southern hemisphere.
11860 kHz CUB another S=7-8 scratching noise audio jammer from Cuba
island. 6 kHz wideband noise block visible. 06.13 UT; and
11930 kHz same to hear is to be observed here remotedly.
11995even F__ RFI Paris in Hausa language towards WeAF, via TDF Issoudun
06.00-06.30 UT, S=7-8 at 06.15 UT.
12050even GB Kanuri language px to Chad and Cameroun, 'Radio Ndarason
International', at 06.16 UT sidelobe of S=7 into Rochester NY.
12095even GB BBC London in French via ENC Woofferton, S=8-9 sidelobe.
06.00-06.29 UT via ENC Woofferton bcast center in England.

13449 to 13509 kHz at 06.18 UT wideband CODAR scratch signal of S=6.

13635.008 TUR TRT Emirler in Turkish morning service at 06.00-12.58 UT.
and also at 05.00 to 06.58 UT different
13765.018 TUT TRT Emirler in Hausa language towards West Africa target,
also S=7-8 across Atlantic too. 06.20 UT.
13695even F__ TDF Issoudun bcast of RFI Paris in French, 06-07 UT,
S=8-9 signal towards central AF at 06.22 UT.
13740even F__ TDF Issoudun bcast of RFI Paris in Hausa, 06-06.29 UT,
S=8-9 signal towards central AF at 06.23 UT.
13799.998 BUL TOM Brother Stair En sermon, via SPC-NURTS Spaceline Ltd.
Sofia Kostinbrod Bulgaria relay at 06.24 UT, sched. 05-08 UT.
13810even AUT BBC London in French to NorthAfrica at 06.00-06.29 UT,
via ORS Moosbrunn bcast center in Austria, S=9 signal at 06.26
UT in Rochester-NY state.

and from 06.30 to 06.45 UT heard these log entries in central Europe:

5879.974 PIR seemingly pop music played by one of the numerous pirate
radio stations in this fq range. BrDXC-UK 'Communication' maga-
zine show 'R. Rock Revolution' station, not legal radio station,
stn appeared not in Stig Hartvig's list of legal private radio
stations in Europe. Noted at 06.33 UT on July 3rd in northern
Bavaria remotedly.
5919.994 D__ HCJB VoAndes in German via Weenermoor, S=7-8 at 06.35 UT.
5929.993 DNK WMR Bramming, ID heard at 06.37 UT, S=8-9 in Bavaria.
5954.989 HOL Radio Sunlite, pop mx, S=7 at 06.38 UT.
5970.009 DNK Radio 208 from Hvidovre, ID heard at 06.39 'Copenhagen ID'.
6069.995 D__ ch292 Waal Rohrbach Ingolstadt legal Bavarian radio stn.
pop mx at 06.42 UT, S=7 on short skip region.
6129.982 PIR Probably pirate pop mx station 'Radio Casanova'(?), S=7
signal at 06.44 UT on July 3rd.

[selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz]
(wb df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews July 2 - 3)

Glenn Hauser logs July 2-3, 2022

** ANDORRA [non]. 13730, July 2 at 2317, French talk and rock music, another R. Andorra revival, via AUSTRIA; tnx to tip from Jorge Freitas, Brasil on the WOR iog. Last we heard, this month was going to be only on 6180 earlier for Europe, as had not raised money for the N American repeat, and had no prior notice this would be on. Still going at 0007 July 3; or something else on 13730? VG into Maryland remote, S9+10/20 (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** BOLIVIA [and non]. 5952.4, July 3 at 0103, Texas Radio SW on 5950 WRMI has a considerable het on the USB side, evitable by LSB tuning. Got to be the sporadically re-active Radio Pio Doce on its signature split frequency. Can`t copy anything tho by tuning 5952.4 on USB (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** BRAZIL. 9673.2v, July 3 at 0646, no signal from RVM here, but a JBA carrier a smidgin below 9675, which could be RVM or China. I`m on the less sensitive interior longwire due to storms in my area (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** CUBA. 11670, July 3 at 0638, RHC English on supposedly Spanish-only frequency scheduled to end at 0500 per Aoki but EiBi shows an English hour at 0500-0600, which is certainly a sporadic error. Only // still on is 6165; while 5040 remains in Spanish. 11670 is S9/+10 but distorted. Something`s always wrong at RHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** CUBA. 15140, July 3 at 1448, RHC playing an American Standard tune very familiar but racking my brain trying to remember the name; S9+10/20 but unfortunately very distorted, boding ill for Esperanto to follow Sunday at 1500 but not rechecked. Something`s always wrong at RHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** MEXICO. Another sporadic E opening I start hearing with Spanish from the west, UT July 3 on caradio, standard provisos; reference WTFDA FM Database:

97.3 at 0129, Mexmx in $tereo. Nothing further but judging from PTA of others, most likely the only one in Sonora, but in the south, not close to Arizona, and none in BC, AZ, CA or NV: XHSOS-FM 97.3 EL SIFÓN SON MEX Spanish RANCHERA LA RANCHERA 25.0 kW ERP 76.96 m HAAT 31-17-19 109-40-28 --- 1512 km = 940 mi

96.7 at 0130, ID for ``Nogales, Sonora, XHN#S, 100,000 watts, La Mejor FM, un concepto de MPS``; 0137 Senado PSA, Soriana ad, ``la Mejor en FM``, music: XHNGS-FM 96.7 HERÓICA NOGALES SON MEX Spanish REGIONAL MEXICAN LA MEJOR 30.38 kW 19.2 m --- 1330 km = 826 mi

93.5 at 0131, ``XHPO, Super 93.5 FM`` ID with street address Juárez algo, zona Centro``. NO list in WTFDA db, but broad search on call, slogan and frequency leads to Puerto Peñasco, Sonora, which is in the NW close to AZ, but wrong frequency. They must have moved! IIRC, top end of Mex FM band is being cleared for community radio stations: XHPPO-FM 106.1 {sic} PUERTO PEÑASCO SON MEX Spanish SPANISH HITS SÚPER 15.0 kW 62.12 m 31-18-20 113-32-11 However, twits show 93.5 already in 2019y but illustrated with 106.1 logo! Instagram and FB have it on 93.5 and FB with address: ``Blvd. Freemont # 9. Col. Benito Juárez. CP, Puerto Peñasco, Mexico`` --- 1551 km = 964 miles

96.5 at 0153, JBA Spanish tropical song. Not AZ, but probably same city as 93.5: XHITA-FM 96.5 PUERTO PEÑASCO SON MEX Spanish REGIONAL MEXICAN LA BESTIA GRUPERA 40.56 kW 189.55 m 31-43-43 113-14-09

Several more from AZ, CA this opening yet to be researched (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** NORTH AMERICA. 6960 USB, July 3 at 0034, ``Dream x 3`` song, classic rock, S3/S4 vs storm noise level hitting S8. Off by 0055 check but then there are 6950 and 6955. Zero logs of 6960 tonight at HF Underground, but 24 h earlier, Ballsmacker Radio was widely reported (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** NORTH AMERICA. 6950 USB, July 3 at 0055, rough blues song, good signal; 0101 Wolverine Radio ID and SSTV, off by 0107 check. Multiple logs here including several takes of the same SSTV image at sign-off:,99150.0.html (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** NORTH AMERICA. 6955 USB, July 3 at 0056, romantic/love song segués, much weaker S7 than 6950 Wolverine, past 0113, JBA by 0120. These say it`s Damn Skippy, with several copies of four different SSTV images:,99152.0.html (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** OKLAHOMA. 27184.4 AM, July 2 at 0033, S9+25 of country music as local Enid CBer is again a pirate relaying 103.1 KOFM, as later confirmed by //. At times a big het from another carrier, to jam it? I wonder if the YL DJ realize she now be a worldwide SW broadcaster? Sporadic E in play on 10m beacon band and shortly also on 88+ MHz FM, so should be DXable by skip; but there are a lot more CBers on 27185, blotted out here.

27184.460, July 3 at 1445, there it is again, S9+20 local signal, this time measured exactly (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** U S A [and non]. July 3 at 0037-0053 UT, not getting any sporadic E FM DX, I default to the ham 28 MHz CW beacon band, IDs from WJ5O roster:

28280 at 0037, dash and DE K5AB CENTRAL TEXAS; alternating with: DE K5AB EM01 BEACON. S6 and the SSOB compared to rest very weak and fading, requiring multiple passes to copy. I heard him last summer: 28.280 K5AB C GOLDTHWAITE, TEXAS # 50W, GP VERTICAL Power increase 5 May 16

28224.5 at 0042, long but slower WPM: K5GJR/B plus grid. Also relog: 28.2245 K5GJR C CORPUS CHRISTI, TX # 5W, VERTICAL

28189 at 0044, DE VE4TEN/B x3, grid, fadeouts. I copied as VE4MN/B but must be this, only one dit/dah difference: 28.189 VE4TEN C WINNIPEG, MB CANADA # 2W, BaseLoad Whip QSY from 28.210 MHz 16 Jan 14 VE4TEN Canada flag Canada Dan Keizer WINNIPEG, MB R3X 2B2 Canada VE4TEN - CW beacon being kept on-line beaconing for Ron VE4PL SK. Ron pictured above, with long beacon whip antenna above. Situated on top of a 38 story building in downtown Winnipeg (EN19kv) running 5watts.

28238 at 0052, fast: VVV DE KB2SEO/B EM## grid, ends with .-.-. 28.238 KB2SEO C ETON, GEORGIA # 10W, VERTICAL Power increase Sept 08 KB2SEO USA flag USA DREW R McCarsky PO BOX 463 Eton, GA 30724 USA (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** U S A [and non]. WORLD OF RADIO 2145 monitoring: confirmed UT Sunday July 3 at 0030 on WRMI 7780, S7/S9 direct.

Also confirmed UT Sunday July 3 at 0322 about 12 minutes into so started about 0310, on WA0RCR, MO, S9+10/15 into nearby SDR.

Also confirmed Sunday July 3 ending at 1359 on WMRI Europe via Channel 292, Germany, 9670, VG S8/S9 into NW Ireland SDR, so started on time at 1330. Next:

2000 UT Sunday IRRS 1323 & 918? & 207?-Italy
2230 UT Sunday WRMI 5950 to NNW [to be canceled? still June 26]
0030 UT Monday WRMI 7780 to SW
0300vUT Monday WBCQ 6160v Area 51 to WSW
0030 UT Tuesday WRMI 9395 to NNW
2230 UT Tuesday WRMI 9955 to SSE [jammed by Cuba]
2330 UT Tuesday WRMI 9395 to NNW
1000 UT Wednesday Unique R, Australia 5035-USB or 3210-USB
1030 UT Wednesday WRMI 5850 to NW
2100 UT Wednesday WBCQ 7490v to WSW
0030 UT Thursday WRMI 9395 to NNW
0130 UT Thursday WRMI 5010 to S; 9395 to NNW

Full schedule including AM, FM, webcasts, satellite, podcasts:

For these noncommercial services, voluntary financial support is much appreciated; thanks this week to Terry Colgan, Austin, TX for a contribution via PayPal in US funds, but not necessarily, to woradio at and says, ``Thanks for your continuing dedication to the radio listening hobby. Best wishes for health and good DX``

One may also contribute by MO or check in US funds on a US bank to: Glenn Hauser, PO Box 1684, Enid OK 73702 (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** U S A. 9940, July 3 at 0643, WTWW S9+10 at odd hour for this and // 5085, rock music and talking about it. Ricky Leong, Alberta, had just reported both to the WOR iog:

``During a break from the program "The History of Rock 'n' Roll," WTWW presented a six-minute newscast at 0500 UTC, July 3, 2022, introduced as "the latest news from Ukraine." The audio appears to have been generated by a text-to-speech program and the newscast was entirely "read" from a script, as no actualities (audio clips) were presented. The information contained in the newscast seemed consistent with war reports from major news organizations and wire services over the last two days. The sign-off indicated the report was prepared by a correspondent for the station in Ukraine, identified only by the first name Alexander — actual spelling unknown, obviously. This newscast was repeated some 90 minutes later. Ah yes, I should have mentioned: it was in English. I didn't think to check how well 5085 and 9940 were propagating into eastern Europe at that time. I'd guess 5085 had no chance but 9940 might have been alright, if ionospheric conditions were co-operating. 73, Ricky Leong, Calgary, Alberta, Canada``

What a coincidence that 0500 is the time WRMI used to relay UR1 with `Ukraine: Security Issue` on 7730, but this is something different (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** U S A. Another sporadic E FM DX opening July 3 at 0129-0210 from Arizona, SE California, yet to be compiled, except for Sonora, see MEXICO (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

This report dispatched at 1952 UT July 3

Media & Tech - 03/07/2022

Ascolto Studio Dx 992 via R.D.E. 1584 kHz

1584 3/7 1109-1137 Radio Diffusione Europea, Trieste Px “Studio Dx 992” It 15522

73 da N. Marabello
QTH Treviso (IT)

Ant.: quadro DLF 1539 kHz

Log Roberto Pavanello

666 29/6 21.55 Antena 1 - Mix di 3 TX PP MX jazz suff.
945 29/6 23.40 R. Kordenstan - Dehgolan Curdo talk suff.
1035 27/6 23.10 Lyca Dilse - London EE MX Hindy buono
1134 28/6 22.00 COPE - Salamanca SS ID e pubblicità locale suff.
1566 29/6 21.30 BBC R. Somerset - Taunton EE MX suff.
1566 30/6 22.45 R. Kolbe - Schio IT talk suff.
1602 30/6 22.33 R. Ontynient - SS ID e pubblicità locale buono
1638 28/6 21.05 R. Bluebird - Dutch MX buono
5140 28/6 20.35 Charleston R. Int. - EE MX ottimo
5775 28/6 20.30 Harmony R. - EE MX buono
5880 28/6 20.40 R. Rock Revolution - EE MX buono
5995 28/6 20.45 R. Mali - Bamako FF MX afro buono
6005 2/7 16.45 R. Monique - Dutch MX buono
6095 2/7 10.00 R. SE-TA 2 - Nauen Tedesco ID e MX ottimo
6180 2/7 17.00 R. Andorra - Moosbrunn FF MX ottimo
6210 2/7 16.55 R. King SW - EE MX buono
6320 28/6 21.10 R. Ronalisa - EE MX buono
9610 3/7 09.00 AWR - Firenze IT Obiettivo DX by Roberto Scaglione ottimo
9670 28/6 21.25 Voz Missionaria - Camboriu PP predica suff.

Roberto Pavanello
Vercelli / Italia

Ascolti AM Treviso 3 luglio

5025 3/7 0500 Radio Rebelde, Bauta Mx Px Es 35533
5140 3/7 0501 Charleston Radio Inter., Berlin Mx E 45554
5920 3/7 0502 HCJB Deutschland, Weenermoor Px rel. D 35533
6070 3/7 0503 Radio Channel 292, D-Rohrbach Waal Mx E 35543
6155 3/7 0504 R. Oesterreich 1 Inter., Moosbrunn Px D 55555
6195 3/7 0505 BBC WS Radio, Ascension Nx E 45544
7355 3/7 0506 NHK WORLD-R. Japan, F-Issoudun Nx E 55555
7365 3/7 0507 HCJB Deutschland, Weenermoor Mx Px rel. R 35533
7730 3/7 0508 WRMI Radio Ukraine Inter., Okeechobee1 Px Ua 35553
9265 3/7 0509 WINB -The Overcomer Ministry, Red Lion Px rel. E 45544
9330 3/7 0510 WBCQ World's Last Chance, Monticello Px rel. E 45544
9400 3/7 0512 The Overcomer Ministry, BUL-Kostinbrod Px rel. E 55555
9610 3/7 0931 AWR Europe, Nauen Px Obiettivo DX RVS magazine It 55555

73 da N. Marabello
QTH Treviso, Italia
Ant.: filare 6 metri

Tecniche d'emissione di alternatori ad alta frequenza e trasmettitori ad arco Poulsen

Non me ne vogliano gli amici in ascolto ma, avendo parlato di alternatori ad alta frequenza e di trasmettitori ad arco Poulsen, mi sembrava giusto concludere facendo un cenno su come si potesse regolare l'emissione di questi impegnativi sistemi di trasmissione.

Innanzitutto, dobbiamo tenere presente che stiamo parlando di apparecchiature che molto avevano di elettromeccanico e ben poco di elettronico come noi intendiamo questo termine; l'impiego di componenti era relegato all'utilizzo di grossi condensatori, a volte costruiti con vetro e metallo, induttanze simili a serpentine per distillatori, giganteschi reostati e poco altro. Il cuore di tutto ciò era costituito da un complicatissimo indotto nel caso degli alternatori e da due grossi elettrodi, uno in rame e l'altro in carbone ed una dinamo, parlando di trasmettitori ad arco voltaico. Il mantenimento in frequenza del primo sistema, quello ad alternatore, era " garantito" da un complicatissimo sistema di controllo della velocità, anch'esso elettromeccanico o addirittura soltanto meccanico, che consentiva di mantenere un numero di giri costante ed a questo proposito c'è anche da dire che, data la estrema larghezza dei ricevitori dell'epoca, spesso a cristallo o anche a triodo, la precisione delle frequenza di emissione era piuttosto relativa. Per ciò che riguarda invece l'emissione ad arco voltaico, tipico arco Poulsen, il mantenimento in frequenza, anche qui piuttosto relativo, era dato dalla reciproca distanza tra gli elettrodi tra cui scoccava l'arco che doveva essere mantenuta sempre uguale. In più, i due elettrodi dovevano essere mantenuti in costante movimento rotatorio su se stessi perché si consumassero in ugual misura su tutta la loro superficie, evitando l'irregolare distribuzione dell'arco. La faccenda era ancor più complessa data la presenza di due ventilatori, detti soffiatori che, puntati verso l'arco, ne impedivano l'archeggiamento mantenendo dritta la scintilla e contribuendo così al mantenimento della stessa onda di emissione. Vediamo brevemente alcuni cenni sulla regolazione di questi sistemi, direttamente tratti da " ELEMENTI DI RADIOTELEGRAFIA", edito dalla Signal Corps americana e pubblicato in Italia nel 1923. " In un alternatore ad alta frequenza, la frequenza e quindi la risultante lunghezza di onda sono in relazione diretta alla velocità di rotazione ed al numero dei poli dell'indotto. L'induttanza e la capacità dell'antenna devono essere tali, che la frequenza naturale del circuito dell'antenna emettente sia la stessa della corrente generata dall'alternatore. Lo scopo si raggiunge regolando l'induttanza addizionale dell'antenna in modo da avere nell'amperometro a filo caldo la massima corrente di aereo che determina l'esatta emissione dell'apparecchiatura. Per i complessi ad arco voltaico si utilizza lo stesso metodo: la lunghezza dell'onda da emettere si ottiene, variando a circuito di aereo aperto la capacità o l'induttanza dell'antenna mediante il confronto con un cimometro regolato sull'onda voluta. Si sintonizza, quindi, il circuito dell'antenna, sempre variando l'induttanza addizionale di aereo, fino a che l'amperometro a filo caldo non dia l'indicazione di massima corrente nel circuito emettente. Al posto dell'amperometro, se non disponibile, si può usare " un lampadino" spia munito di un adatto shunt, il quale si accenda soltanto quando i circuiti siano in risonanza. Il "lampadino" può essere agevolmente inserito direttamente nel conduttore di terra o può essere induttivamente collegato ad esso." questo erano le semplici ed essenziali regolazioni che i nostri bisnonni dovevano fare per emettere RF in aria, con la certezza di poter trasmettere sulla giusta lunghezza d'onda. Se qualche appassionato volesse cimentarsi in questo tipo di trasmissione, potrà trarre ausilio da queste righe.

Paolo Pierelli

Trasmissione di segnali Morse da Flat Holm - Marconi - 13 maggio 1898

In memoria della riuscita trasmissione di una lettera dell'alfabeto Morse, compiuta il 13 maggio 1898 da Guglielmo Marconi e dal suo fedele assistente Mr. Kemp, la BBC in tempi recenti ne ha fatto un reportage e qui facciamo un breve riassunto della storica vicenda. Va ricordato che allora, in Inghilterra, Marconi e l'assistente Kemp, con trasmettitore a scintilla e un ricevitore a Coherer, dopo molti tentativi, finalmente riuscirono a comunicare un segnale radio tra il tratto di mare che separa Flat Holm, piccola isola carsica posta nell'estuario del fiume Severn il più lungo fiume del regno unito (Canale di Bristol) e la vicina terra ferma di Lavernock Point, località situata sulla costa del Galles. Questo fu uno dei momenti di successo dei tanti tentativi di trasmissione di segnali radio compiuti sulle coste inglesi nel lontano 1898 da Guglielmo Marconi con l'aiuto di Kemp che era il Suo valido tecnico e fidato assistente. Come già accennato la famosa BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation) ne ha fatto un reportage celebrativo, però prima di proseguire con i dettagli dell'esperimento, per far meglio capire gli sforzi di Marconi per affermare la Sua scoperta, va ricordato che il giovane Guglielmo Marconi agli inizi della Sua invenzione, in Italia fu poco compreso; allora su spinta della madre Signora Annie Jameson, nel 1896 , poco più che ventenne, si recò nella ricca Inghilterra e grazie alle autorevoli conoscenze di Sua madre, che faceva parte della famiglia Jameson (rinomati produttori Irlandesi di whiskey) Guglielmo Marconi incontrò personaggi influenti che l'appoggiarono, anche perché, a giusto titolo egli pensava di mostrare e brevettare la Sua invenzione proprio in Inghilterra , perché questa era nazione ricca con una imponente flotta di naviglio civile e militare che costituiva la combinazione ideale per poter apprezzare e affermare il potenziale della Sua invenzione di radio comunicazioni che sarebbe stata utilissima per comunicare messaggi radio in codice Morse tra i navigli e la terraferma, novità tecnica di portata enorme, anche perché fino allora l'unico mezzo per comunicare era il telegrafo via cavo. Tornando all'evento di Flat Holm, Guglielmo Marconi per i Suoi esperimenti allestì su questo isolotto la Stazione trasmittente in riva al mare che fu dotata di trasmettitore scintilla con adeguata antenna e presa di terra, la Stazione di ascolto, adeguatamente attrezzata, venne posta in terraferma a Lavernok Point e fu affidata all'assistente Mr. Kemp, come già detto, uomo fedelissimo di Marconi e anche valido tecnico. L'esperimento di trasmissione non ebbe subito successo, fu ritentato per diversi giorni, perchè a causa delle condizioni meteo non sempre favorevoli, le trasmissioni erano disturbate ed anche le antenne non rendevano al massimo, pare che fossero realizzate con filo conduttore ( presumibilmente leggera trecciola di rame ) della lunghezza di circa 18 metri , antenne che venivano elevate con l'impiego di aquiloni costruiti per uso militare che con un robusto cordino di canapa erano ancorati alla cima della scogliera. Già da allora la mente di Guglielmo Marconi aveva intuito che l'elevazione delle antenne unita ad una buona massa a terra era il segreto per meglio irradiare e diffondere nell'etere le onde radio. Questi aquiloni durante i molteplici tentativi di comunicazione, in più occasioni venivano sballottati dal vento non garantendo cosi la massima elevazione delle antenne filari e quindi tutto l'esperimento era veramente, come si suol dire, appeso a un filo! Finalmente dopo alcuni giorni di infruttuosi ma tenaci tentativi, una ripetitiva lettera del Codice Morse giunge forte e chiara a Lavernock Point ed è udita nelle cuffie di Mr.Kemp, era il giorno 13 maggio 1898. Finalmente Marconi aveva vinto una delle Sue prime sfide: riuscire ad inviare sul mare un treno di onde radio, il Suo segnale Morse era passato forte e chiaro sul tratto della baia di Bristol!

Ricerca Storica e testo di Lucio Bellè

Studio DX 992 - 03/07/22

Obiettivo DX 992 - 03/07/22

Jen`s specials on Unique Radio UT July 3 and 4

Unique Radio, Australia, presents UT Sunday July 3 at 1700-2100 UT, GB's & Jen's part 1 July 4th bash. I will be playing at the 1700 start of the Sunday show GB's Pod "The British Are Coming" and after GB's cast, Jen's American "Real Deal: Think R&R States" until 2100 UT.

Then UT Monday July 4 at 1800-2200, part 2, Jen's regular on Mon The 4th show, All About America. And I mean the Good "Democracy When it Works" and its people, the Bad "War & Loss". I will also be playing ``1776`` soundtrack segments throughout my show, plus a more PC version of Arlo Guthrie's "Alice's Restaurant"; and other 4th of July goodies: so tune in and let the "Fireworks" begin. That`s 1800 to 2200 UT Monday July 4.

We`re on Unique Radio, 5035 or 3210 kHz USB.
Plus the live digital stream. ALL On SHOUTcast server

Plus for chatting: Kiwi IRC
First your nic or name, then the following: #eyeradiojd
Remember, this is in libera chat

Happy & Safe 4th & Remembrance, GB 73" & Jen 33'

(via WOR io group)

Agenda DX 03/07/2022

Radio Mambì, Cuba (1935)
Liberty Radio, Gran Bretagna 963 Khz (1995)
BBC Ascension relay (1966)
Radio Jornal de Commercio, Brasile 15145 Khz (1948)

sabato 2 luglio 2022

Glenn Hauser logs June 28, July 1-2, 2022

** ANTARCTICA. 15475.98 RCUSB, Saturday July 2 from 1457 checking for LRA36 -- no signals into 4 Argentine nor 1 Uruguayan SDR, but I let the latter run until finally cuts on air S6/S8 at *1517 during music, 1520 canned sign-on, 1522 Antártida song. Switch back to LU4AA SDR which gets it even better, S3/S9, also much better than the other LUs. And I am the only User of this frequency. At 1526, info about Base Esperanza, temp range +8 to -30; winds 50 kph; 8 families overwinter at this base only; Station began in October 1979 as first SW station on the continent --- which is still a LIE, as AFAN 6012 started several years before. 1528 the `Sound of Silence` with new lyrix about Antca. 1532 YL says it`s program #9 of the 2022 season: how time flies, naming staff. 1536 contact info. 1541 This Week in History. 1545 ``Audaz`` ID with frequencies, ``Nacional, la radio pública``. 1546 song. 1549 acknowledge some email. 1552 interview a guy who has some background noise, like roaring surf? 1605 a song about Esperanza but maybe just hopeful not about the base. 1609 ID, about to give phone number? when chopped off the air; and never comes back as I let it play in background while I am mainly listening to `The Score`, cinemusic on KUCO. Not quite a full hour but this time managed a lot more than 18 minutes after sign-on Wednesday. Nor any OTH radar/jamming today. How about another try from 1800? Nothing at 1820 check into Montevideo (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** CANADA. Several FM DX stations from Manitoba and Saskatchewan are intermixed with US in chrono order June 28 under USA [and non]: on 94.3, 92.1, 96.5, 88.1, 91.5, 92.7, 102.3, 90.3 (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** OKLAHOMA. RF 7, July 2 at 1525 UT, no signal from `local` KOCO ``5`` OKC, the ABC affiliate, into my rooftop antenna as routed thru STB DTV converter to one screen, no to my other DTV set. 2118 recheck now there is a BAD signal not enough to decode via STB. Underpowered? Intermittent? *2123 suddenly appears, turned up power or off backup transmitter? Just as an unpredicted little pop-up storm approaches us from the SW suggesting we should unplug (Glenn Hauser, Enid, WOR)

** U S A [and non]. WORLD OF RADIO 2145 monitoring: confirmed Friday July 1 from 1815.5 on IRRS SW via AM Italia, Villa Estense, 1323 kHz but not on 918 or 207; S9+20 into nearby Noale SDR. But axual SW 7290 via Bulgaria never comes on from 1800.8! Temp or permanent drop? It`s back on next day Sat July 2 *1800.8 as usual JIP FSN.

Anyhow, earlier on 1323: tune-in 1756 with US political discussion, no idea what program, until chopped off at 1800 for IRRS ``SW`` sign-on, and right into Feature Story News including Spotlight. 1805 IRRS ID again, song. 1813 starts an interview from UN Radio, chopped off at 1815 already for IRRS ID and then WOR. Meanwhile there was a slow SAH on 1323, maybe with music, from another station, Romania propagating again? After WOR finished at 1845, music; 1852 `Country Jamboree` DJ talk, but now there is CCI from algo talking in English. 1900 a tone from one of them and IRRS` closing Verdi theme.

WOR 2145 also confirmed at 2030 on 1323 only, as Noale is offline, but S9+10/20 into Vinci/Parma SDR. The CCI could be this as just reported by Carlos Goncalves, Portugal: ``1323.0 2145-2155 01/7 G Smooth R, Brighton, 500 W. Songs. 25342 CG``

Also confirmed UT Saturday July 2 at 0130 on WRMI 9395, S9+10/20 into Maryland SDR; also direct at 0151, noisy S9/+10.

Missed checking UT Sat July 2 at 0400 on WBCQ Radio Angela, 5130; did anyone hear it?

Also confirmed Saturday July 2 at 1600 on WRN N America webcast.

Also confirmed Saturday July 2 after 1930 one next WRN to N America.

Also confirmed Saturday July 2 ending at 2006 on WA0RCR, 1860 AM, Wentzville MO, S9+9 steady into nearby Warrenton SDR, so started circa 1937.

Not confirmed Sat July 2 at 1948 on WRMI 15770 via Maryland SDR, instead classic rock, another show or fill music? Despite WOR still showing on the System B grid for 1930 Saturday on 15770, while the rest of the day and night, that applies to 9955. However, the System C grid shows Power of the Word Sat at 1930, certainly not what`s on now, tho I think it was last week; as WOR has not really aired Sat at 1930 for several weeks. Next:

0030 UT Sunday WRMI 7780 to SW
0300vUT Sunday WA0RCR 1860-AM [nominal 0315; as late as 0430]
1324vUT Sunday WMRI Europe via Ch 292 Germany 9670
2000 UT Sunday IRRS 1323 & 918? & 207?-Italy
2230 UT Sunday WRMI 5950 to NNW [to be canceled? still June 26]
0030 UT Monday WRMI 7780 to SW
0300vUT Monday WBCQ 6160v Area 51 to WSW
0030 UT Tuesday WRMI 9395 to NNW
2230 UT Tuesday WRMI 9955 to SSE [jammed by Cuba]
2330 UT Tuesday WRMI 9395 to NNW
1000 UT Wednesday Unique R, Australia 5035-USB or 3210-USB
1030 UT Wednesday WRMI 5850 to NW
2100 UT Wednesday WBCQ 7490v to WSW
0030 UT Thursday WRMI 9395 to NNW
0130 UT Thursday WRMI 5010 to S; 9395 to NNW

Full schedule including AM, FM, webcasts, satellite, podcasts:

For these noncommercial services, voluntary financial support is much appreciated; thanks this week to Terry Colgan, Austin, TX for a contribution via PayPal in US funds, but not necessarily, to woradio at and says, ``Thanks for your continuing dedication to the radio listening hobby. Best wishes for health and good DX``

One may also contribute by MO or check in US funds on a US bank to: Glenn Hauser, PO Box 1684, Enid OK 73702 (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** U S A. (7489.9v), UT Sat July 2 at 0052 I tune in WBCQ webcast since `AAAWWW` usually gets down to business about this far into the 0000+ show - but Allan is talking about just getting back on air after a power failure in the Fla studio. Unclear whether all the Maine transmitters stayed on in meantime, no SW checked here now nor earlier. Just getting into emails from far-right extremists they attract, on to prayer and off circa 0100 (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** U S A [and non]. Huge Sporadic E FM DX opening June 28, in fact two of them overlapping for a while from opposite direxions: might have provided double hop if I were not between them. As usual, all heard with my own ears in real time on my own radio, no recordings, no internet access for stream // or anything, until extensive research following three days for this report. On stock Nissan 2004 caradio, no RDS, vertical fender antenna only so no manipulation for DFing or polarization. Ultimately I will capture dozens of stations in SD, ND, MN, MB, SK, LA, TX, MT. Some IDs are circumstantial and will welcome any correxions or ID help. I do not count stations, states or anything, and am not in competition.

Each DX log is a potential learning experience about geography, economy, broadcasting etc., so the details are what make it all worthwhile, unlike MEGO condensed one-liner loggings some editors insist upon. Main reference partially copied for each is the WTFDA FM Database. Distances are approx. licensed city-to-Enid, not site-to-site, from WTFDA DB provides coordinates for each station, but it`s so much easier to let that site calculate from names, being sure none go haywire. All times strictly UT = CDT +5

Seeing that the MUF is well into the FM band, I go to the garaged car at 1610 UT June 28, tolerating the heat, and start tuning around.

94.1 at 1612, national adstring loud & clear, got to be DX. ``The Legend, 94-1, the rock station in northeast South Dakota for almost four decades``: KSDN-FM 94.1 ABERDEEN SD CLASSIC ROCK THE ROCK 94.1 100.0 kW 134.0 m [note that Legend does not appear in the db] 1010 km = 628 mi

94.3 at 1613, British accent with ``mail: 117 Lombard Street, phone 780-94-30``, ``94.3, Now Radio``, rock: CHNW 94.3 WINNIPEG MB CAN HOT AC 94.3 NOW RADIO 100.0 kW H&V but 100.0 m H only? since V is 0.0? --- 1503 km = 934 mi

94.9 at 1614, YL gospel huxter, British accent with rock music, ``The holy? summer series accessmore podcast`` and K-Love: KLRJ 94.9 ABERDEEN SD CONTEMPORARY CHRISTIAN K-LOVE 100.0 kW 136.0 m Adult Hits --- 1010 km = 628 mi

94.5 at 1615, rock/praise music, ``God only knows``. God only knows which of these SD it may be: the first one right in Aberdeen like above, but translator supposedly off more than a year; or the next one, also religious, Brookings in E central SD, but only translator and may not be on; or the third one also religious but decent 25 kW power but rather close:

K233BN relays:KVCH 88.7 94.5 ABERDEEN SD silent RELIGIOUS TEACHING CHRISTIAN INFORMATION RADIO 0.0 kWH 0.25 kWV 0.0 mH -2.8 mV VCY America; Silent since 5/25/21 for engineering work - 1010 km = 628 mi OR: K233BR relays:KGWD 94.5 also on 94.5 BROOKINGS SD RELIGIOUS TEACHING REAL PRESENCE RADIO 0.25 kW 0.0 m CP for K235DE 94.9 expires 4/2/22 --- 885 km = 550 mi OR: KGWD 94.5 SIOUX FALLS SD RELIGIOUS TEACHING REAL PRESENCE RADIO 25.0 kW 88.0 m YOUR FAITH FAMILY KGWD 94.5 FM - Sioux Falls -- 801 km = 498 mi

95.3 at 1618, ``coming up on Tiger 95``, ads, brief fade over KOKC: K237EL relays:KIJV-1340 95.3 HURON SD HOT AC TIGER 95.3 0.25 kW 0.0 m -- so definitely translator tail-wagger; only Tiger anywhere on 95.3! --- 887 km = 551 mi

95.5 at 1619, ad for ``furniture made in Grand Forx`` --- got to be in ND or maybe MN on the border: would you believe that both of these are exactly the same distance from GF? at 169 km = 105 miles: KYNU 95.5 JAMESTOWN ND COUNTRY BIG DOG COUNTRY 100.0 kW 197.0 m 98.3KYNU Big Dog Country [related?] --- 1172 mi = 728 mi OR: KKZY 95.5 BEMIDJI MN ADULT CONTEMPORARY KZY 95.5 100.0 kW 129.0 m --- 1256 km = 781 mi  These except for translators are bigsigs

96.7 at 1620, YL with weather, fading; maybe: KKCQ-FM 96.7 BAGLEY MN COUNTRY Q COUNTRY 25.0 kW 170.0 m --- 1254 km = 779 mi OR: KQZZ 96.7 CRARY ND HOT AC MIX 96.7 38.0 kW 171.0 m - 1297 km = 806 mi

97.3 at 1621, rock/praise music: None at all in ND; only SD no fit; only Manitoban is aboriginal in Dauphin. Only MN religious is outside PTA but possible: KDNW 97.3 DULUTH MN CONTEMPORARY CHRISTIAN LIFE-FM 97.3 72.0 kW 168.0 m --- 1250 km = 777 mi

99.5 at 1622, CCI to OKie, gospel huxter talk. Not MB or ND; only religious in SD is a Mitchell translator; only religious in MN is: KBHW 99.5 INTERNATIONAL FALLS MN CONTEMPORARY CHRISTIAN/RELIGIOUS TEACHING PSALM FM 100.0 kW 171.0 m Heartland Christian Broadcasters --- 1405 km = 873 mi

101.3 at 1623, CCI to Wichita about tree damage. Not SD, ND or MB; only full-power in MN is not close but near M/SP: KDWB-FM 101.3 RICHFIELD MN HD CONTEMPORARY HIT RADIO 100.0 kW 315.0 m --- 1020 km = 634 mi

102.5 at 1624, gospel huxter, maybe plugging a book about ``spiritual biography of rock `n` roll``; music CCI. Manitoba ruled out, three MN full-powers are not religious, nor is one other ND in Devils Lake, so this ND translator?: K273DJ relays: KFNW-1200 102.5 WEST FARGO ND RELIGIOUS TEACHING FAITH 1200 0.25 kW 56.0 mH only --- 1168 km = 726 mi or if really a rock station, then?: KDVL 102.5 DEVILS LAKE ND OLDIES CRUISER 102 100.0 kw 143.0 m --- 1306 km = 812 mi

92.1 at 1625, rock. Only SD is country; not ND; MN has three rockers, this closest: WMIS-FM 92.1 BLACKDUCK MN ROCK THE RIVER 92.1 107.9 95.3 36.0 kw 176.0 m --- 1290 km = 801 mi but more likely: CITI-FM 92.1 WINNIPEG MB CAN CLASSIC ROCK 92 CITI - THE CAPITAL OF ROCK 140.0 m 206.0 m --- 1503 km = 934 mi

94.5 at 1626, license plate renewals due 6/30; City Express building with Godfather`s Pizza, giveaways, rewards, north 2nd and 8th Ave NW; a Northern Plains vet at 226-3816.

Search on clues leads to Aberdeen SD, like this from 2013y: ``Godfather's Pizza will return to Aberdeen next week with the opening of Godfather's Express inside C-Express at 711 N. Second St. Food will be available for takeout or delivery.`` And phone 226-3816 chex for N Plains Animal Health, Aberdeen. There is a 94.5 in Aberdeen, but a silent? translator: K233BN relays:KVCH 88.7 94.5 ABERDEEN SD Silent RELIGIOUS TEACHING CHRISTIAN INFORMATION RADIO 0.0 kWH 0.25 kWV 0.0 mH -2.8 mV VCY America; Silent since 5/25/21 for engineering work --- but source KVCH itself is in Huron, not Aberdeen --- 1010 km = 628 mi

96.5 at 1629, rock, ``Mix 96``, loud & clear, not Tulsa, surely: CJPG-FM 96.5 PORTAGE LA PRAIRIE MB CAN CLASSIC HITS MIX 96.5 24.0 kW 73.0 mH only. Again at 1652, rock and YL DJ about Canada Day, ``local weather, Mix 96``; 1653 CCI from a talk station --- 1510 km = 939 mi

100.3 at 1630, sports talk about baseball last night: Target Field, Minnesota; Progressive Field, Cleveland; ``Our Twins`` so must be from MN -- unless on a national ESPN or other sports network show? MN only from the SE: KFXN-FM 100.3 MINNEAPOLIS MN HD SPORTS KFAN SPORTS RADIO FM 100.3 98.0 kW 281.0 m KFAN Minnesota's Sports Station KFAN Minnesota's Sports Station Talk [KFAN is on 1270 in Rochester] - 1030 km = 640 mi

At this point I had not realized another Es opening from the SSE was coming up as you will soon see below, so possibly if on ESPN rather than local: KLRZ 100.3 LAROSE LA SPORTS 100.3 ESPN 89.0 kW 178.7 m THE FLAGSHIP STATION OF THE PELICANS --- 1031 km = 640 mi not to mention an OKie I never hear: KJCM 100.3 SNYDER OK THE SPORTS ANIMAL 18.0 kW 117.0 m --- 216 km = 134 mi

107.5 at 1635, Sue`s LOUISIANA, ``107-Jam``, soft rock/rap and 1638, ``The People`s Station, 107 Jam: KJMH 107.5 LAKE ARTHUR LA URBAN AC 107.5 JAMZ 50.0 kW 141.0 m --- this is close! 852 km = 530 miles

88.1 at 1639, French Canadian, M&W conversation about police en Ontario, tribunale; migrants jumping the wall into Melilla: CKSB-10-FM relays:CKSB-1050 88.1 WINNIPEG MB CAN French NEWS/TALK ICI RADIO-CANADA PREMIERE 100.0 kW 223.0 m --- 1530 km = 934 mi

91.5 at 1641, classical harp, orchestral music. Not Canada, but: KPRJ 91.5 JAMESTOWN ND HD CLASSICAL PRAIRIE PUBLIC RADIO 18.5 kW 108.0 m --- 1172 km = 728 mi OR: KQMN 91.5 THIEF RIVER FALLS MN HD CLASSICAL CLASSICAL MPR 84.0 kW 199.0 m - Minnesota Public Radio --- 1311 km = 814 mi

91.9 at 1643,, Family Worship Center = KBDD Winfield KS, near OK, normally inaudible or JBA - I would like to think this could be backscatter sporadic E rather than just a groundwave fluke or airplane scatter --- direct: 123 km = 77 mi --- Has sporadic E backscatter been observed or verified under any circumstances?

92.9 at 1645, owner of Kia of Lake Charles. Another close one from a town nearby to the east: KHLA 92.9 JENNINGS LA CLASSIC HITS 92 9 THE LAKE 30.0 kW 195.0 m --- 842 km = 522 mi

93.5 at 1647, about Canada Day, Pémbina Valley events, ``The Eagle 93-5``, southern Manitoba ads, Winkler, rock: CJEL-FM 93.5 WINKLER/MORDEN MB CAN SOFT AC EAGLE 93.5 100.0 kW 52.0 mH only --- Winkler: 1422 km = 884 mi; Morden: 1423 km = 883 mi

93.1 at 1648, dead air vs CCI, one or other is Pratt KS, or DX

100.7 at 1655, gospel huxter, tough for anything adjacent to local 100.9 KGWA translator. Not MB, MN or SD, but maybe ND: KLDQ 100.7 HARWOOD ND CONTEMPORARY CHRISTIAN K-LOVE 40.0 40.0 100.0 100.0 47-08-43 96-58-18 2D6A K-LOVE Adult Hits --- 1180 km = 733 mi OR more likely non-musical from opposite, west of Lake Charles LA: KKHT-FM 100.7 LUMBERTON TX RELIGIOUS TEACHING 100.7 THE WORD 100.0 kW 595.0 m --- 762 km = 474 mi -- see also 1734 log below

91.5 at 1700, news about Kayaks on Assiniboine river, Manitoba COVID backlog: CKLQ-FM relays:CKLQ-880 91.5 BRANDON MB CAN COUNTRY Q COUNTRY 100.0 kW 325.6 m --- 1507 km = 935 mi

104.7 at 1703, ``Star Spangled Banner`` slow version by soprano, odd time, probably not Canadian, or a noontime tradition on some UStation? Maybe just The Bull, Ponca City OK: should check again

92.7 at 1709, classical music; not MN, ND, SD, LA or TX, therefore: CBWS-FM relays:CBW-FM 98.3 92.7 BRANDON MB CAN VARIETY CBC MUSIC WINNIPEG 90.0 kW 297.7 m --- 1507 km = 935 mi

95.5 at 1710, soft rap unID; 96.3 at 1711 hard rap unID

95.3 at 1711, about N Dakota weather, temps, lowest 56 at Devils Lake, in ``The Lunch Rush`` show. Search on that leads right to: KKWZ 95.3 RUGBY ND ADULT CONTEMPORARY 6.0 kW 45.0 m --- 1343 km = 834 mi

93.7 at 1714, promo Sept 23-24 big concert in Las Vegas NV, iHeart thing also heard on numerous other stations, (701) AC = ND, plug iHeart employment opportunities; 838-4504 for cleaning; 1718, Z-94 ID; CCI from Spanish! music. 1723, Z-94 again in ND, KIZZ 93.7 MINOT ND CONTEMPORARY HIT RADIO Z-94 100.0 kW 169.0 m --- 1343 km = 834 mi

93.3 at 1719, rapid Spanish CCI mix Jake OKC. Most likely in SE TX: KQBU-FM relays:KLAT 1010 93.3 PORT ARTHUR TX Spanish SPORTS TUDN 93.3 / 1010 97.0 kW 595.0 m --- 813 km = 505 mi

92.9 at 1720, Ziprecruiter ad, Victoria`s Secret podcast, NewsNation, AccuWeather: highs & lows 84/52/93/61... and now 76; ``best of the 80s and 90s``, jingle only: ``92.9``. Not Canada and temps = not TX. Not KKJM St Joseph MN Christian. Not KXXL Grand Forx ND branded as XL93. Most likely: KYYY 92.9 BISMARCK ND ADULT CONTEMPORARY MIX 92.9 100.0 kW 301.0 m And NWS archive for Bismarck confirms the 76 temp! in CDT: 28 12:52 NE 14 G 23 10.00 Fair CLR *77* 51 78 55 40% NA 78 30.15 1020.7  28 11:52  E 13 G 21 10.00 Fair CLR *76* 50       40% NA 78 30.16 1020.8 --- 1182 km = 735 mi


96.7 at 1724, Spanish, for May`s Liquor, Beer and Wine; ad for Juan Matheney? CPA at (903) AC. 1725 Tyler ads, promo, right into ad in English, 1727 State Farm, YL SS for Home Depot; ``La Invasora`` ID, temps, phone interview with number 5x: (903) 646-4102. ``Lo que la gente pide; quiere``. 1729 ``La Invasora 96.7 y en 107.9``, song. 903 AC = Tyler and NE TX. May`s is in Malakoff, SW of Tyler on way to Corsicana, but also in Winona close to Tyler on other side. No doubt whatsoever that this is: KOYE 96.7 FRANKSTON TX USA Spanish REGIONAL MEXICAN LA INVASORA 92.3 & 96.7 50.0 kW 150.0 m //KTLH 107.9

And no doubt it IS SPORADIC E at an extremely close distance, which is just as rare as an extremely far distance! Indicating a very strong opening. 530 km = 329 miles!!! In all my sesquidecades of VHF DXing, don`t believe I`ve ever had any Es closer on TV or FM. This is also corroborated by other close logs above and below from LA and TX but not this short.


97.5 at 1730, Veritex Community Bank, Houston Rockets sports talk: That bank has many branches in the Houston area and Metroplex DFW: KFNC-FM1 relays:KFNC 97.5 97.5 HOUSTON TX SPORTS ESPN 97.5 2.0 kW 0.0 m 29-49-06 95-01-04   KFNC 97.5 MONT BELVIEU TX HD SPORTS ESPN 97.5 3.0 kW 172.0 m 29-46-07 95-01-05 -- note original and booster are only 1 second of latitude and longitude apart. Mont Belvieu just east of Houston on I-10 --- 779 km = 484 mi

99.3 at 1733, screaming gospel huxter, CCI probably with Ponca City: due to SE TX PTA, I figure it`s this out of Houston: KDER relays:KHCB-FM 105. 99.3 COMSTOCK TX RELIGIOUS TEACHING KEEPING HIM CLOSE BY 50.0 kW 103.0 m Houston Christian Broadcasters --- until I realize Comstock is way out west on the Rio Grande beyond Del Rio. What else? No fits for MB, SK, ND or MT. There is a Louisiana station but presumably more musical than preaching and on the Miss in NE LA: KQJO 99.3 ST. JOSEPH LA URBAN GOSPEL/BLUES 14.5 kW 132.0 m --- 788 km = 489 mi  OR even maybe this not noticed before but horizontal vs my vertical: KHDD-LP 99.3 OKLAHOMA CITY OK RELIGIOUS TEACHING 0.0447 kWH only 44.5 mH only --- 108 km = 67 mi to downtown, but OKC is quite expansive so if it were certain would need to locate it exactly

100.7 at 1734, M&W conversation on family relationships -- see 1655
entry above, ND or TX. With vertical antenna, no DFing

102.3 at 1735, rock, YL DJ Kimberly, June almost over, school lunches, ``the southeast, Sun 102 weather`` highs & lows: 24/15/28/24/25/26 ``for Discover Estevan``: CHSN-FM 102.3 ESTEVAN SK CAN EASY LISTENING SUN 102.3 100.0/43.0 kW 131.8 m Top 40 {sic} --- 1477 km = 918 mi

106.1 at 1739,, Kix 106, Hutchinson, i.e. fringer: KXKU 106.1 LYONS KS COUNTRY KICKS 106 100.0 kW 200.0 m Your Hometown Radio Stations --- It seems stations on 96 or 106 find it almost irresistible to monicker themselves KIX or MIX. How about DIX, FIX, HIX, LIX, NIX, PIX, TIX, VIX, or WIX...?

88.1 at 1740, Spanish amid CCI

88.9 at 1741, rock CCI to Okie K-LOVE

90.3 at 1742, (306) area code, Indian language! CCI to OKie huxter: CJLR-FM-4 relays:CJLR-FM 89.9 90.3 REGINA SK CAN ABORIGINAL MBC FM 43.0 kW 190.0 m MBC-FM Country --- 1653 km = 1027 mi

90.7 at 1743, English talk vs heavy 90.5/90.9 ACI

92.1 at 1745, traffic jam report in CCI, max? Maybe Houston area: KROI 92.1 SEABROOK TX GOSPEL MUSIC PRAISE 92.1 102.1 HD2 35.0 kW 350.0 m 'KMGM' --- 805 km = 500 mi

92.9 at 1746, July 4 event, Bicentennial Park in Baytown; State Farm.  1748 ``biggest --- in country, 93-Q``: KKBQ 92.9 PASADENA TX HD COUNTRY THE NEW 93Q 93.7 kW 585.0 m --- 786 km = 488 mi

92.9 at 1747, Spanish gospel huxter CCI to above: only in SE TX PTA near Port Arthur/Beaumont: K225CN relays:KBPO-1150 92.9 PORT NECHES TX Spanish RELIGIOUS RADIO VIDA 0.15 kW 24.0 mH only --- 801 km = 497 mi

93.1 at 1749, weather CCI rock music, ``93-1 The ---``; 1750 ``Eagle 93 has landed``, rock. 1757, weather for Anaconda, Deer Lake, ``Eagle 93 forecast`` by YL: 83/62/87; 1804, Fox ``news``, Duckduckgo app, Highland Tablets; 1805 more Foxnx, CCI; 1807 Foxnx end, Eagle 93 forecast again: KGCX 93.1 SIDNEY MT CLASSIC ROCK EAGLE 93 100.0 kQ 110.1 m --- 1360 km = 845 mi

88.1 at 1753, January 6 Committee hearing live, maybe just KWOU OK NPR. And nowhere else except 91.7 OK KOSU!

92.3 at 1756, ``rock you`` amid CCI. No hits on rock you as slogan

96.5 at 1759, ``96.5 FM playing ---``; ``X-96 KDZN Glendive``, 1800 CBS News On The Hour: KDZN 96.5 GLENDIVE MT COUNTRY Z-96 HOT NEW COUNTRY 100.0 kW 151.0 m --- 1318 km = 819 mi

93.5 at 1809, news about gas prices? in Valley, Philips, Roosevelt counties, = Montana; consider EVs: all these are in NE MT surrounding Glasgow, not the other MT much further west in Eureka: KLAN 93.5 GLASGOW MT ADULT CONTEMPORARY MIX 93 3.0 kW 91.0 m --- 1425 km = 929 mi

at 1814 opening seems to have died, so I QRT for R&R after 2 intense DX hours; but axually QRX as I`m back for a few more a sesquihour later:

93.3 at 1947, (406) area code, address on S 20 St W, rodeo in Billings, Kubota tractors: KURL 93.3 BILLINGS MT RELIGIOUS TEACHING KURL RADIO 93.3 FM 60.0 kW 213.0 m --- 1370 km = 851 mi

94.5 at 1949, ``Great Falls` best[?] country, 94.5``: KMON-FM 94.5 GREAT FALLS MT COUNTRY 94.5 MAX COUNTRY 98.0 kW 151.0 m --- 1657 km = 1029 mi

96.7 at 1953, country music, segués at 1956, 1959; finally 2002 YL ID as KZIN-FM, fade: KZIN-FM 96.7 SHELBY MT COUNTRY K-96 WIDE OPEN COUNTRY 100.0 kW 168.0 m --- 1763 km = 1096 mi

By 2010 UT June 28, ALL GONE, whew! (Glenn Hauser, Enid OK, WOR)

** U S A. Another Es FM DX opening from Michigan, July 2 from 1829 to 1930 UT, yet to be compiled (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)



This report dispatched at 2147 UT July 2

Radio Free Waves Bay ,3940, on air after weeks without heard it

RUSIA, 3940, Radio Free Waves Bay, 2005-2014, 02-06, Russian songs. 25422.

Manuel Méndez
Lugo, Spain

Logs in Reinante, NW of Spain
Tecsun PL-880, cable antenna, 8 meters. 

Media & Tech - 02/07/2022

Media & Tech L'Approfondimento - 02/07/2022

The K7RA Solar Update

Solar activity took a dramatic plunge over the recent reporting week (June 23 to 29) but geomagnetic activity stayed exactly the same. Field Day weekend saw rising geomagnetic numbers, with planetary A index at 8, 16 and 23, Friday through Sunday.

On Sunday the geomagnetic activity was a problem, although not severe, with many stations in Field Day reporting increased absorption. The planetary K index peaked at 5 (a big number) at the end of the UTC Day on Saturday and continued into the early hours of Sunday, which was early Saturday evening here on the West Coast.

This happened because of a crack in Earth's magnetosphere, detailed here:

Compared to the previous seven days, average daily sunspot numbers declined from 124.6 to 49.1, while average daily solar flux dropped from 140.5 to 105.3.

Planetary and middle latitude A-index averages were both the same as the previous week, all numbers around 11.

The prediction from the USAF 557th Weather Wing is not very optimistic, with solar flux peaking at 140 on July 11 to 16.

The prediction shows 10.7 cm solar flux at 90 on July 1, 95 on July 2, 105 on July 3 to 5, then 110, 120, 130 and 135 on July 7 to 10, 140 on July 11 to 16, then 135, 130, 125 and 120 on July 17 to 20, and 115, 110, 105 and 100 on July 21 to 24, 95 on July 25 and 26, 100 on July 27 to 29, then 105, 110, 115, 120 and 125 on July 30 through August 3, then 130 on August 4 and 5, and back to 140 again on August 7 to 12.

Predicted planetary A-index is 5 on July 1 to 7, then 8, 8, 12 and 8 on July 8 to 11, 5 on July 12 and 13, 12 on July 14 to 16, 10 on July 17, 8 on July 18 to 21, then 12, 15, 15 and 10 on July 22 to 25, and 5 on July 26 through August 4, then 8, 12 and 8 on August 5 to 7.

F. K. Janda, OK1HH writes, "Solar activity has declined over the last seven days. Geomagnetic activity was highest on June 26(G1-class geomagnetic storm broke out around midnight UT on June 25and 26) and was lower on June 28 and 29. On June 26, a big, bright CME billowed away from the sun's southern hemisphere. A slow-moving CME that left the sun could pass close to Earth on June 30. The near miss, if it occurs, could disturb our planet's magnetic field.

A dark filament of magnetism erupted in the sun's northern hemisphere on June 28, but no CME was observed after the explosion. Shortwave propagation conditions were relatively worse on June 26 and 27. After that, they began to improve, but only very slowly due to the declining solar activity."

A new space weather report and forecast from Dr. Tamitha Skov, WX6SWW, our Space Weather Woman.

Tomas Bayer of the Department of Geomagnetism, RWC Prague, at the Budkov Observatory wrote this geomagnetic activity summary:

"After the last active events on June 24 to 26, which without a storm event did not exceed the active level (local K-index = 4), we expect a geomagnetic activity decrease to quiet to unsettled level during the coming seven days.

More unsettled geomagnetic activity can be expected about July 3 and 4, and also at the end of the currently forecast period on July 7. Then we expect geomagnetic activity at a quiet to unsettled level." Here are pictures of the Budkov Observatory:

How big is our nearest star?

Cycle forecasts, wrong or right?

Storm watch, from the popular press:

Reader David Moore, a frequent contributor, sent this:

It hasn't been updated recently, but here is a blog devoted to propagation:

Send your tips, questions, or comments to

For more information concerning shortwave radio propagation, see and the ARRL Technical Information Service at For an explanation of numbers used in this bulletin, see

An archive of past propagation bulletins is at More good information and tutorials on propagation are at

Instructions for starting or ending email distribution of ARRL bulletins are at

Sunspot numbers for June 23 through 29, 2022 were 69, 60, 31, 33, 32, 71, and 48, with a mean of 49.1. 10.7 cm flux was 121.4, 115.4, 108.1, 102, 98.2, 96.1, and 96.2, with a mean of 105.3. Estimated planetary A indices were 10, 8, 16, 23, 12, 8, and 6, with a mean of 11.9. Middle latitude A index was 12, 8, 14, 15, 15, 11, and 7, with a mean of 11.7. (

Agenda DX 02/07/2022

Radio Reloj, Costarica 4832 Khz (1945)

Propagation News – 3 July 2022

Last week was not a good one for HF propagation in general. There were many complaints from amateurs about poor conditions that can be explained by a combination of low solar flux levels and unsettled geomagnetic conditions.

The SFI started the week last Sunday at 102 but then dropped to 98 the following day. It subsequently continued to drop, reaching 92 by Thursday. At the same time, the Kp index reached five and it continued to be unsettled into Monday.

The effects on the ionosphere were not good, with maximum usable frequencies over a 3,000km path struggling to reach 18MHz. Conditions improved as the week went on with F2-layer MUFs back into the 21MHz region by Thursday.

This is fairly typical of Summer ionospheric conditions, leaving Sporadic-E as the likely main propagation mode on 10 metres until the Autumn.

Next week NOAA predicts that the solar flux index will start to climb again, perhaps peaking at 140 by the 11 July. Geomagnetic conditions are predicted to be stable with an average Kp index of two, until the 10th when it could reach four.

As long as we don’t have any coronal mass ejections during this time this could mean slightly better F2-layer conditions next week. As always, Sporadic-E may provide loud short-skip signals on the upper bands. Watch out for multi-hop Es paths which are harder to predict.

VHF and up:

With VHF National Field Day, this weekend we would all like conditions at their best, and with the Sporadic-E season still in full swing, that’s a possibility.

The position of the jet stream is often instrumental in defining the directions that perform for Es and this weekend it looks to be a close-by jet stream over the near continent. This means paths towards central and southeast Europe plus the Baltic and Scandinavia. You might be able to get some notion of how it’s developing by Googling and looking at the ionosonde from Dourbes in Belgium for spikes in the foEs trace.

With low pressure close to Scotland over the weekend, it’s only southern UK under a weak ridge that will see any Tropo. This will typically be better overnight and around the coasts for paths into the continent across the North Sea or the English Channel.

So unless you are on the coast, your tropo options will diminish early this Sunday morning once the solar heating starts to break down the overnight temperature inversion.

The UKAC 144MHz contest on Tuesday evening looks a better prospect with high pressure nudging towards western Britain and a chance that conditions may be slightly up, even for more northern stations.

With some showery episodes likely, rain scatter is always a possibility, but decaying as the high moves in later. The clusters should tell you if aurora or random meteor scatter are viable options.

Just one meteor shower this week, the July Pegasids active from the 4 July to the 14th, but its Zenithal Hourly Rate is low at around five. Meteor showers in July are at their best around the end of the month, particularly the Southern delta-Aquariids, peaking on the 30 July. The maximum ZHR of this shower is around 25 over two days. The radiant of this shower is above the horizon in the UK during the night and early morning.

Moon declination goes negative this coming Wednesday so expect lower peak elevation and shortening Moon visibility windows for EME. Path losses are dropping as we head towards perigee a week on Wednesday. 144MHz sky noise is low all week. (

venerdì 1 luglio 2022

Media & Tech - 01/07/2022

Glenn Hauser logs June 30-July 1, 2022

** BRAZIL. 9673.17V, June 30 at 0647, RVM with music varying slightly as I try to measure. Has been relatively stable from here to 9673.3 (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** CUBA. 6140, July 1 at 0617, RHC English JBA from S6 to S9 on leapfrog mixing product of 6060 over 6100 another 40 kHz higher since unusually both are still on air plus 6165. Something`s always wrong at RHC. 6060 is S9/+20 and 6100 S9+. Weather report ending, into This Day in History, something pre-revolutionary, what else? in 1957y (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** CUBA. 13630 & 13770 approx., July 1 at 1455, extremely distorted spurblobs out of 13700 RHC which sounds OK. Something`s always wrong at RHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** KIRITIMATI. 846, July 1 at 0612, JBA carrier vs summer noise level, no doubt R. Kiribati, London. My most reliable trans-Pacific, or trans-semi-Pacific station (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** U S A [and non]. WORLD OF RADIO 2144 monitoring: ``WRMI: 9395, static QRN, 0030, 0059 (45343), 0059, June 30 UT [Thu] 9395, slight static QRN, 0130, 0144, 0158 (45333), 0159, June 30 [Thu] (Lemke, Richard -AB) Good listening, Richard``

Also confirmed UT Thu June 30 at 0030 on WRMI 9395, S9/+10 direct.

Also confirmed UT Thu June 30 at 0130 on WRMIs 9395, S9/+20 and 5010, S5/S8 into E N American remote; 5010 S9/+15 into Bonaire.

WORLD OF RADIO 2145 contents: Antarctica, Bolivia, Brazil, China and non, Cuba and non, Ecuador, Georgia/Abkhazia, (India), Indonesia, Iran and non, Italy and non, (Japan), Korea South/Korea North non, (Lithuania), Malaysia, México, North America, Perú, Poland, Puerto Rico, Russia, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tibet non, Ukraine and non, UKOGBANI and non, USA; VHF DX podcast; propagation outlook () countries mentioned along with others not in order

WOR 2145 is available as of 0040 UT Friday July 1, 2022

(mp3 stream)
(mp3 download)

Or via
Also linx to podcast services.

The shortwave+ broadcasts should be:

0130 UT Friday WRMI 5850 to NW, 7730 to NE
0330 UT Friday WRMI 7780 to SW
1430 UT Friday WRMI 9955 to SSE [jammed by Cuba]
1815 UT Friday IRRS 7290-Bulgaria to WNW, 14580; 1323 & 918?
& 207?-Italy
2030 UT Friday IRRS 1323 & 918? & 207?-Italy
0130 UT Saturday WRMI 9395 to NNW
0400 UT Saturday WBCQ 5130 to WSW
0700 UT Saturday Unique R, Australia 5035-USB or 3210-USB
1930vUT Saturday WA0RCR 1860-AM
0030 UT Sunday WRMI 7780 to SW
0300vUT Sunday WA0RCR 1860-AM [nominal 0315; as late as 0430]
1324vUT Sunday WMRI Europe via Ch 292 Germany 9670
2000 UT Sunday IRRS 1323 & 918? & 207?-Italy
2230 UT Sunday WRMI 5950 to NNW [to be canceled? still June 26]
0030 UT Monday WRMI 7780 to SW
0300vUT Monday WBCQ 6160v Area 51 to WSW
0030 UT Tuesday WRMI 9395 to NNW
2230 UT Tuesday WRMI 9955 to SSE [jammed by Cuba]
2330 UT Tuesday WRMI 9395 to NNW
1000 UT Wednesday Unique R, Australia 5035-USB or 3210-USB
1030 UT Wednesday WRMI 5850 to NW
2100 UT Wednesday WBCQ 7490v to WSW
0030 UT Thursday WRMI 9395 to NNW
0130 UT Thursday WRMI 5010 to S; 9395 to NNW

Full schedule including AM, FM, webcasts, satellite, podcasts:

For these noncommercial services, voluntary financial support is much appreciated; thanks this week to Terry Colgan, Austin, TX for a contribution via PayPal in US funds, but not necessarily, to woradio at and says, ``Thanks for your continuing dedication to the radio listening hobby. Best wishes for health and good DX``

One may also contribute by MO or check in US funds on a US bank to: Glenn Hauser, PO Box 1684, Enid OK 73702.

WOR 2145 confirmed, UT Friday July 1 at 0130 on WRMIs: 5850 VG direct; 7730, S9/+20 into Maryland SDR at 0150.

Also confirmed UT Friday July 1 at 0330 on WRMI 7780, S9+5 into Knoxville SDR.

Missed checking Friday July 1 at 1430 on WRMI 9955; did anyone hear it? Next: as above (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** U S A. 4840, Friday July 1 at 0614, S9+20/30 of dead air from dead Stair on WWCR. This happens time and again around this hour when they are dozing? in Nashville. No such outage via numerous other WWCR, WRMI, WBCQ, WINB. Something`s wacky at WWCR. Is it a weekly automation mis-programming? No, last time noted was Thursday June 16. Silent like TOMBS (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** U S A [and non]. Rather than much new HF, MF DXing, unless there be another big sporadic E opening, I continue to spend a lot of time compiling a full report of the June 28 VHF FM DX from SD, ND, MN, MB, SK, MT, LA, TX and will publish ASAP (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** U S A. Composers Datebook: Classical music info in 2-minute doses, I try to catch at 1458 UT on KUCO, but often miss. Easily accessible here, including weekends when KUCO does not air it anyway: with transcripts but you need to hear the music included 73, (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

** VANUATU. 11835 & 7890, June 30 at 0706, R. Vanuatu gone again from harmonix, nor July 1 (Glenn Hauser, OK, WOR)

This report despatched at 1648 UT July 1

Turkey cuts access to US, German public broadcasters

An Ankara court banned access to Deutsche Welle and Voice of America on Thursday night, after both failed to apply for local broadcasting licences required by regulations introduced this year.

The two argued that a local licence issued by Turkey's RTUK media regulator would infringe on their independence and allow Ankara to censor their content.

Rights advocates said Turkey's decision underscores erosion to freedom of expression in the run up to next year's general election, the toughest of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's two-decade rule.

It also threatens to spark new tensions in Turkey's relations with two of its most important Western allies and trading partners.

The broadcasters went dark hours after a NATO summit at which Erdogan won praise from US President Joe Biden for lifting his objections to Sweden and Finland joining the Western defence alliance.

The US State Department criticised the new rules when they first went into force in February, stressing that a "free media is essential to a robust democracy".

The new media regulation applies to foreign providers of Turkish audio and video content.

On Friday, both news portals were inaccessible in Turkey without the use of VPN technology that hides users' location.

Both shared intructions on their social media accounts about using VPN to access their content.

Deutsche Welle Director General Peter Limbourg said his agency refused to apply for a Turkish licence because it would harm independent broadcasting.

"In our extensive correspondence, as well as in personal conversations with the head of the media monitoring agency, we explained why DW cannot apply for such a licence," Limbourg said in a statement.

"For example, licensed media in Turkey is obliged to delete online content that RTUK considers inappropriate. This is unacceptable for an independent media organisation," he added.

"DW will take legal action against the now imposed access ban."

'Criminal cases'
Press freedom advocates and the opposition are increasingly concerned about the perceived erosion of media freedoms in Turkey, where most news media are in the hands of government-friendly businessmen or controlled by the state.

Erol Onderoglu of Reporters Without Borders called the access cut a "problematic decision" aimed at helping Erdogan's ruling party ahead of the election.

Ilhan Tasci, a member of the Turkish media regulator representing the main opposition CHP party, said the decision questions whether Turkey was still an "advanced democracy".

Turkey, where scores of journalists have been jailed since a failed 2016 coup, is ranked 149th among 180 countries in the Reporters Without Borders press freedom index.

At a press conference Thursday after the NATO summit, Erdogan grew visibly upset at suggestions that he was muzzling the press.

"In my country at the moment, there are no journalists in prison because of their opinions. There are only criminal cases," Erdogan said.

Erdogan's ruling AKP party also wants to pass another law that could see people locked up for three years for spreading "disinformation" -- a bill protested by journalists' organisations.

The government said it will debate the bill in October, giving up a previous attempt to rush it through the parliament. (AFP)


The following article is an original work published by the Information Professionals Association. Opinions expressed by authors are their own, and do not necessarily reflect the views of or endorsement by the Information Professionals Association.

By Tom Kent

As Vladimir Putin tightens his stranglehold on what his citizens see and hear, will radio once again become an effective way to get outside voices into Russia?

For the time being, U.S. broadcasting officials believe the best way to get their content to Russia’s population is still through the internet, despite all of Putin’s attempts to control it. Activists in the United States and Europe, however, are convinced that in a wartime situation, those wanting to reach Russians should be trying everything – including shortwave radio, the mainstay of Cold War broadcasting by the Voice of America (VOA) and Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL).

The U.S. government’s reluctance to return to shortwave has led to the odd spectacle of American volunteers taking broadcasting into their own hands. Activists have crowdfunded projects to transmit on shortwave channels programs produced by VOA and RFE/RL that the government declines to broadcast with its own transmitters.

Shortwave broadcasting uses high frequencies that can reach across continents. During Soviet rule, VOA, RFE/RL, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) and other stations used shortwave to punch news, religious programs and forbidden Western music through the Iron Curtain. Soviet jamming stations tried to drown out the broadcasts, but much of the content got through.

With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the rise of the internet in Russia, foreign shortwave broadcasting tapered off. Boris Yeltsin let RFE/RL open local stations in some 30 Russian cities, but under Putin they were forced to close because of Russian laws. The United States then switched its radio and video services for Russians almost entirely to the web and social networks.

Since the war began, however, Russian authorities have increasingly blocked from the internet any content that criticizes the war or Putin’s rule. Many Russians use VPNs and other software to get around the blocks, and have come to the US broadcasters’ websites and social network feeds in droves. But Russian officials are working feverishly to block these circumvention tools, and may be able to determine which citizens are using them.

The U.S. Agency for Global Media (USAGM), which oversees VOA and RFE/RL, believes there is no significant audience in Russia for shortwave radio. In an interview for this article, Shawn Powers, USAGM’s chief strategy officer, says a survey the agency conducted since the invasion found that fewer than 1 percent of Russian households have a shortwave receiver.

He said web and social media services by VOA and RFE/RL remain highly effective. Since the invasion, he said, Russians have viewed the two outlets’ videos 3 billion times on the internet. USAGM has helped subsidize the VPNs many Russians use. USAGM has also put its 24-hour Russian-language television channel, Current Time, on a second satellite – although Russians would have to point their receiving dishes to those satellites and specially program their receivers to see the programs.

Some outside experts share USAGM’s skepticism toward shortwave. A commentary in April in the publication Radio World said “Ukrainians and Russians need 21st century solutions, not a legacy technology primarily being kept alive by hobbyists.”

Others are convinced shortwave can still reach enough people to be worthwhile, and is an essential backup if Russian authorities manage to control the internet completely. On March 4, just eight days after Russia invaded Ukraine, U.S. volunteers launched Shortwaves for Freedom. The group broadcasted to Russia, by shortwave, the programs that VOA and RFE/RL distribute mainly by internet. Media coverage of their effort helped attract more than $21,000 in donations, which they used to lease airtime from commercial shortwave stations in Europe and from WRMI, a 100-kilowatt station in Florida. The donated money ran out this month but WRMI continues to broadcast the programs.

Other shortwave ventures, such as Radio Truth For Russia, have been launched by Russian-speaking activists based in Europe. Government broadcasters in Taiwan, Romania and Japan, as well as the Vatican, are also on shortwave to Russia. When the war started, the BBC resumed shortwave broadcasting to Russia and Ukraine – though the programs are in English.

“We kept thinking USAGM would step up and we could stop,” says Kate Neiswender, an organizer of Shortwaves for Freedom, told me, “It was so frustrating to me that this organization pooh-poohs a form of communications that has been effective for more than 100 years and has proved effective in war situations. We thought they’ll see us doing this and will be embarrassed and will jump on board.”

Gerhard Straub, a former broadcast technology executive with USAGM, estimates that the cost to the agency to broadcast on shortwave to Russia would likely be $100 per hour or less. USAGM has 250-kilowatt transmitters in North Carolina and 100-kilowatt units in Europe that it could use. Given the wartime urgency of reaching Russia’s people, “it is a very small gamble to take, even if it results in zero listeners, which is highly unlikely,” Straub said in a Facebook post last month.

Still, how many people are really out there to listen? One percent of Russian households with shortwave radios works out to about 55,000 families in a nation of 144 million. Russia probably has 25,000-35,000 amateur radio hobbyists with shortwave equipment. An unknown number of people probably still listen occasionally to shortwave stations from around the world. Inexpensive radios with shortwave bands can be easily bought online from Russian dealers.

Russian ground forces use shortwave radios for tactical communications; Russian soldiers, especially those in Ukraine, would be a prime target for information from the United States. Shortwave can reach Russian naval ships and merchant vessels. Ukrainians in devastated cities without electricity or functioning local broadcasters might view shortwave as a lifeline.

Another kind of broadcasting also reaches into Russia. A station in the Baltics broadcasts RFE/RL programs to Russia on medium wave, the same frequencies used by AM radio in the United States. Russians do have AM radios, and AM signals can travel for 1,000 miles or more at nighttime. The downside is that programs on AM are hardly easy listening at long distances, and can be inaudible in urban areas because of static from power systems. Powers, the USAGM chief strategy officer, said his organization is considering going ahead with a long-discussed plan to upgrade the power and antenna of the Baltic station.

As for shortwave, WRMI General Manager Jeff White said the station has received messages from listeners in Russia and Ukraine, indicating its signal is getting through. Transworld Radio, a U.S.-based Christian broadcaster, started shortwave transmissions to Russia and Ukraine in May, using a transmitter in Guam to supplement its traditional medium-wave broadcasts. It began receiving listener messages the first day, indicating at least some people are actively tuning the shortwave bands looking for stations. “We believe there is a visible listening audience in Russia,” said Lauren Libby, the company’s president and CEO.

As for the size of the shortwave audience in Russia and Ukraine, Libby said “Who knows? We’ve received hundreds of reception reports so people are obviously listening. We’re committed missionally to bringing people hope in a hopeless situation. We make the assumption that someone’s there.”

USAGM might do well to make the same assumption. The cutoff of information to Russia’s people has been a crucial part of fueling Russia’s war effort. Powers said USAGM has the capacity to fire up shortwave broadcasting to Russia in less than three hours if officials decide it is needed; assuming the cost is as low as Straub estimates, there seems little downside to relaying existing content, like the soundtracks of some Current Time programs, for a few hours a day to see if an audience can be built.

Even if listeners are few, consistent broadcasting – with promotion through other USAGM media – could at least spread word that shortwave is available. If Russians’ access to outside information is strangled even more, it will be harder to publicize the start of shortwave broadcasts at that moment.

Certainly there is debate about whether any broadcasting from outside is likely to have much effect on Russia’s population, given the power of official propaganda. VOA and RFE/RL, though congressionally funded, are organized as independent news operations; neither is an official advocate for U.S. policies. I believe that communication efforts to Russia should include existing broadcasters as well as new, more assertive programming by government and private groups.

But so long as the United States values the work of its present broadcasters, a modest investment in shortwave and medium-wave radio could prove an important backup to dependence on Russia’s increasingly controlled internet.


Latest Updated AIR Schedule

The latest updated schedule, incorporating several recent changes of All India Radio External Services is available in


Jose Jacob, VU2JOS

Agenda DX 01/07/2022

Radio San Francisco Solano, Perù 4750 Khz (1995)
Radio Copàn International, Honduras 15674 Khz (1993)
Radio Horizonte, Perù 4534 Khz (1992)
Radio 710 AM, Brasile (1958)
WXRF, Puerto Rico 1590 (1948)
Radio Ciudad del Mar, Cuba (1936)
Radio Reloj, Cuba (1947)
CMEC Radio Revolucion, Cuba (1933)
Radio Maldwin, Gran Bretagna 756 Khz (1993)
KSKO, Alaska 870 Khz (1981)
NSB, Giappone 3925 Khz (1954)
La Voz de Llano, Colombia 6115 Khz (1960)
CJCY, Canada 920 Khz (1982)
VOA Filippine (1969)
Radio Rio Negro, Argentina 1000 Khz (1963)



Texas Radio Shortwave celebrates the July 4 weekend with three new programs on 5950 kHz:

July 2 @ 2300 UTC - Two episodes of old-time radio from the 1940s.

Gang Busters, a true-crime radio show that ran from 1935 to 1957, features two episodes, one from 1942 and another from 1944.

July 3 @ 0000 UTC - Luckenbach Dance Hall.

Luckenbach, Texas was the subject of a country music classic by Waylon Jennings. This week we visit the dance hall and go out on the back patio to sample some of the artists that perform there every weekend.

July 3 @ 0100 UTC - Texas Fourth of July.
We picked some of the top names in Texas music to reflect on what still makes America great and to help us celebrate the nation’s birthday.


Terry Colgan N5RTC
Austin, Texas USA

giovedì 30 giugno 2022

5° Trofeo Ittiri Folk Festa - Call IQ0AK

Dal 20 al 27 Luglio si terra' il 5° Trofeo Ittiri Folk Festa Call IQ0AK con QSL Speciale per la 37° edizione della Ittiri Folk Festa e apertura del Museo Della Radio Mario Faedda.

Tutte le stazioni che in qualunque modo collegheranno la stazione IQ0AK riceveranno il 5° trofeo Ittiri folk festa 2022 e la qsl speciale

START 0:00 DEL 20/07/2022
END 24:00 DEL 27/07/2022

Encore - Classical Music on Radio Tumbril - Times, Frequencies, Playlist, How to Donate

Regular Broadcast times of Encore are:
10:00 - 11:00 UTC Saturday 6070 kHz Channel 292 to Europe - Simulcast on 9670 kHz

01:00 - 02:00 UTC Sunday 7730 & 5850 kHz WRMI to Europe US and Canada (Note change from 7780 to 7730)
16:00 – 17:00 UTC Sunday 9670 kHz Channel 292 to Europe
21:00 - 22:00 UTC Sunday 3955 kHz Channel 292 to Europe
02:00 - 03:00 UTC Monday 5950 kHz WRMI to the US and Canada
13:00 - 14:00 UTC Tuesday 15770 kHz WRMI to Europe, east coast of US and Iceland. RTTY continues to be heard on 15770 in some areas. Suggest listening using USB or notch filter in LSB if available.
19:00 – 20:00 UTC Friday 6070 kHz Channel 292 to Europe (Note time change.)

Some additions to the website:
The Encore website is where you will find:
Important information about funding of Encore - Radio Tumbril.
Up to date transmission times and frequencies
The playlists for the most recent programmes
An email link

Informal reception reports as well as those requesting eQSL cards are welcome.

You can help keep Encore on the air:
Encore is a one-man operation. WRMI and Channel 292 are very generous with their air-time but Encore still costs around 200 Dollars/Euros a month to broadcast.
If you can - send a small contribution to help Encore keep going.
There is a PayPal donation button on the homepage of the website - - which folks can use if they want to. If PayPal is no good for you then send me an email and we'll sort something else out.
Thank you.

A big thanks to the folks who have donated already.

This week's Programme - First broadcast this coming Saturday on Channel 292 - starts with a Finnish song, some of a recorder concerto by Telemann, and a curiosity by Leoš Janáček.
Next some music from a video game that won awards by Austin Wintory, the last complete piece written by Benjamin Britten, and part of a modern cornet sonata by Edward Gregson.
The programme finishes with the first movement of Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto.

Channel 292 can be pulled live off the internet if the reception is poor in your location. Easy to find their site with a google search.
A very good site for online SDR receivers all over the world is: Click the 'Map' button in the top left of the screen.

Thank you for spreading the word about Encore - Classical Music on Shortwave on Radio Tumbril.
Brice Avery - Encore - Radio Tumbril -