lunedì 30 settembre 2019

Log of Sept 30 at 03.57 UT to 05.00 UT

Log of Sept 30 at 03.57 UT to 05.00 UT of remote SDR unit at
Massachusetts, US state on far northeast coast close to Canadian border.

Surprise, surprise noted US stn likely scheduled WRNO 'Grace for Today'
from New Orleans LA, - after a month or so ...
7505.003 USA  WRNO, 3 person talk, " .... hope in your situation... your
         ministry partner ... Boston ministry up .. Lousiana site ...
         the truth ..." some rap mx, at 03.59 UT, 11 kHz wideband signal,
         then 04.00:03 UT, TX switch OFF.

7334.995 USA  IBB BBG 'Radio Marti' Spanish sce to Cuba island, S=9+25dB
         signal from Greenville NC state, at 04.03 UT on Sept 30.
and hit next channel
7340even CVA  Sudan Arabic program 'Eye Radio' backlobe signal on Sept 30
         via Vatican Radio at Santa Maria di Galeria, Vatican State,
         S=9 at 04.05 UT.
and \\
7435even USA  IBB BBG 'Radio Marti' Spanish sce to Cuba island, S=8 only
         signal from Greenville NC state, at 04.07 UT on Sept 30.
6185even MEX  Radio XEPPM Educacion from Mexico D.F., noted at S=7-8 level
         or -84dBm in Massachusetts, but S=9+5dB in Cape Canaveral Florida
         remote SDR unit. Low modulated at 04.11 UT, Mexico stn hit by
         adjacent RRI Galbeni from ROU in Romanian on 6180 kHz.
         XEPPM Educacion Mexico D.F. switch off at 05.03:25 UT on Sept 30.
6195.003 USA  NHK Radio Japan in Spanish language, via relay WHRI2 from
         Furman SC Cypress Creek. S=8-9 in MA US state at 04.12 UT.
         Sports news report, football news at 04.13 UT on Sept 30.
6135.105 BRA  probably R Aparecida Bras Port, poor S=5-6 at 04.16 UT.
6120even AUT  AWR Turkish language service via ORS Moosbrunn site,
         two presenter talk, S=8-9 signal across atlantic at 04.17 UT.
6110.002 ETH  Radio Fana in Amharic scheduled at this 04.18 UT time,
         S=7-8 or -83dBm signal noted.
6090.003 ETH  probably R Amhara program sce, tiny S=6 or -89dBm, 04.20 UT
6080.027 STP  VoA English sce from Sao Tome, S=6 or -93dBm at 04.21 UT.
6069.981 CAN  CFRX Toronto English sce, S=9+15dB in Massachusetts remote
         SDR unit, talk on CAMERA systems, upload digital on police net,
         digital camera systems around 'my house', private property basics
         freedom kind of network ... at 04.23 UT.
6040.003 TUR  TRT Emirler in Turkish, scheduled 04.00-05.55 UT,
         S=7 or -87dBm at 04.24 UT on Sept 30.
6000, 6100 kHz empty channels, nothing of RHC on air at 04.26 UT.
5990even CUB  Bad frequency selection this Sept 30 morning at Cuban
         transmission center Quivican San Felipe TITAN 250 kW bcast
         site, selected 10 kHz fq down - ex deep night frequency of
         CRI Cuban relay site Quivican 23-01 UT instead of scheduled
         6000 kHz.
         RHC English sce settled here \\ 6165even kHz S=6-7 from Bauta,
         S=9+25dB in Massachusetts remote SDR rx, Arnaldo Coro back on air
         at 04.29 UT, talk of Latin AM music program R Progreso, talk of
         mailbox weekend edition, read letters from India and many
         US state listeners too.
5985even USA  WRMI Spanish language sce, "Antena DX" program, S=9+10dB,
         guitar mx, then Henrik Klemetz Sweden item at 04.31 UT.
5970even USA  EWTN Birmingham, nice Spanish language singer group,
         S=9+10dB at 04.32 UT.
5959.883 KWT  Odd fq and fade-out signal at 04.34 UT, Radio Kuwait,
         Arabic sce, S=7 or -84dBm strength in Massachusetts remote
         SDR rx.
5935even USA  WWCR powerful signal, S=9+45dB power, at 04.36 UT,
         talk on ancient Greece and Macedonia people theme.
5925even BOT  VoA English S=8-9 at 04.36 UT on Sept 30.
5829.986 USA  WTWW English singer group, nice audio sound, S=9+25dB,
         11 kHz wideband signal at 04.37 UT.
5800.017 USA  Likely WRMI endless bell/carillon play, noisy poor signal
         of low power tx unit, S=6 or -88dBm poor and tiny.
4774.996 kHz poor signal likely TWR Africa, Manzini SWZ, 04.42 UT but
         hit heavily covered by broadband CODAR system on 4735-4794 kHz.
4812 kHz digital data block STANAG type S=9+10dB at 04.34 UT.
4839.996 USA  WWCR talk on 'God Bless You'. TOM BS at S=9+30dB powerhouse
         at 04.45 UT on Sept 30.
4885.024 BRA  Radio Clube do Para, music program \\ online radio AM 690
         S=7 at 04.50 UT.
4930even BOT  VoA Botswana, S=7 at 04.51 UT \\ 4959.996 VoA STP at 04.52UT
5025even CUB  Radio Rebelde from Bauta, nice mx program, S=9+25dB signal
         at Massachusetts remote rx unit at 04.53 UT.
5040even CUB  RHC Bauta, Spanish report from Peking, China and Cuban
         communist party meet, S=9+35dB powerhouse at 04.54 UT Sept 30.
5085even USA  WTWW singer pop group, 13 kHz wideband music block visible,
         S=9+30dB at 04.58 UT on Sept 30.

[selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz]
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews Sept 30)

Glenn Hauser logs September 29-30, 2019

** ARMENIA. 9300, Monday Sept 30 at 1313, TWR IS at S3-S5, 1315 opening announcement unknown language; again at 1359 TWR IS is JBA. Per Aoki/NDXC, convoluted schedule of TWR India via Yerevan-Gavar for day 2 shows starting 1315 in Mun language; 1400 going from Hin-di to Kum. So what are these obscure minolitylangs? Per EiBi`s readme.txt MUN Mundari: India-Jharkhand, Odisha (1.1m) [unr] KUM Kumaoni/Kumauni: India-Uttarakhand (2m) [kfy]  At least the gospel huxters are countering Modi`s Hindi-above-all (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CANADA. 990, UT Monday Sept 30 at 0604 UT, CBW Winnipeg is the only CBC station we get dependably, now opening its overnight relays of foreign stations, 1-5v am local, with `DW WorldLink`, first about illegal migration from Bangladesh to India. Been a long time since I`ve checked the schedule, so here it is for this week:

Tue-Sat however the first hour is `The World` from USA which we can hear the previous afternoon on KOSU. Display does not give the country source for the other programs, some of them familiar from Monocle, BBC or ABC, NPR (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 5990, Sept 29 at 0537, RHC is here on wrong frequency, supposed to be only for CRI relays at 23-01! S9+20 song in Spanish, so it is English or Spanish service? Soon announcement in English, and // much weaker 5040, 6100 S9+30, much stronger than 6165 S9/+10 and JBM. Nothing on 6000 which is where it`s supposed to be, and now 5990 splashes upon 5985 WRMI which is on this late Mondays only with gospel huxter. Something`s always wrong at RHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA [non]. 11860, Sunday Sept 29 at 2145, Radio Martí, Grimesland, with silly baseball game coverage, two guys with crowd noise, etc., apparently live involving the Cardenales and speculating about the Serie Mundial. I don`t see how béisbol-crazy dentroCubans could not be listening to this. Not much jamming audible here. Also on 11930 and presumably 9565 (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** OKLAHOMA [and non]. Quick check Sunday Sept 29 at 2130 UT: 1580 KOKB Blackwell OK is still OFF; so is 1130 KLEY Wellington KS; but 1280 KSOK Arkansas City KS is still on (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A [and non]. Re my lament that KM6 calls are no longer Midway, Jim K5JG, replies on the ptsw group:

``Glen[n] et all, Changing the prefixes for overseas entities was done around 1979-1980 when the entire Amateur Radio callsign structure was changed. I remember reading at the time that the FCC was forecasting that they were just a few years away from running out of callsigns under the old structure and came up with the present scheme to mitigate that possibility.

It always seemed exotic and exciting to hear KM6 (Midway), KX6 (Kwajalein Island), KC6 (Eastern Caroline Islands), KG6 (Guam / Marianas Islands), KW6 (Wake Island), or KV4 (Virgin Islands) coming back to your call. Note that some Pacific island entities that were US possessions are now independent countries and have non-US prefixes.

Nowadays, KH-something and KP-something is just boring.

When the restructuring occurred, no one was forced to change their existing callsign as it only applied to new callsigns. So, not only is it theoretically possible for a Guam Islander with an old KG6xx call to fall right between two California KG6xx callsigns in the FCC database, but one could contact two Guam stations in a row, one a KG6 and the other a KH2! Makes things even more confusing.

Another good source for info on deleted US prefixes is:  and scroll down a little. 73, Jim K5JG``  (via Glenn Hauser, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A [and non]. WORLD OF RADIO 2001 monitoring: confirmed Sunday September 29 at 2130 on WRMI 7780, VP with ECSS at S5-S7.

Also confirmed UT Monday Sept 30 at 0130 on WRMI 7780, fair S8-S9; but // 9395 is JBA, as the MUF is degraded leaving lower but sidebeam 7780 better here.

Also confirmed UT Monday Sept 30 at 0230, JBA on WRMI 7780.

Also confirmed UT Monday Sept 30 starting at 0258.5 on Area 51 webcast; WBCQ 5130.0 is VP.

Also confirmed UT Monday Sept 30 at 0330 on WRMI 9955 JBA? But OK on webcast. Next:

1816 UT Monday    IRRS 7290 Romania to WNW
0100 UT Tuesday   WRMI 7780 to NE
0800 UT Tuesday   Unique Radio 5045-USB NSW [2 episodes] ND
2100 UT Wednesday WBCQ 7490v to WSW
0100 UT Thursday  WRMI 7780 to NE

Full schedule including AM, FM, webcasts, satellite, podcasts:

** U S A. 820, Sept 30 at 0610 UT, unusual music way over talker WBAP which normally owns 820 here at night --- 0611 UT singing ID as WWBA and gospel country song. U4 50/1 kW WWBA in Largo FL (TSP market, not Key Largo!) has got to be on day power and pattern, but major lobes NNW/SSE, not so good for us, so possibly ND now? If they do this again, should make it very DXable (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 990, Sept 30 at 1222 UT, turning back on still tuned here after CBW, obits concerning Cassville and Monett, i.e. KRMO Cassville MO, U1 2500/47 watts. OK since Sept sunrise is officially 1200 UT, but not tomorrow, October 1230. These towns are in the SW corner of MO, and KWAM Memphis no problem by now (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) 

UNIDENTIFIED. 1060, Sept 30 at 1226 UT, M&W chat in Spanish from NW/SE, which rules out KXPL and KIJN in far west TX, and all of Mexico. So what SS are on that axis in new NRC AM Log? KDYL South Salt Lake UT, U1 10000/149 but this is far before sunrise there. Aside from language, I would expect primary hearance from KRCN Longmont CO, U1 50000/111/psra 500, but it`s also not sunrise there until 1245 UT (Oct: 1315 UT), and listed as EWTN in English. Furthermore, by 1229 UT I am getting CCI from another SS also NW/SE with a song. There are no other possibilities unless something has flipped, and even then hardly anything on that axis. Furthermore the first station is also producing a LAH, significantly off-frequency I think to the plus. But mwoffsets does not show any US station far enough off either side to produce a low audible het, including the ones I have mentioned. Max would be +13 from MN (but XERDO Matamoros was plus 77 Hz in 2015; but that would be almost due south). At 1240 UT I have switched to the R75 so no DFing, now hearing a ``gloria`` song that seems about 30 Hz minus.  Ideas? KIJN is shown as spot-on .000 altho I recall it used to be significantly off (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

UNIDENTIFIEID. 4949.55-USB approx., Sept 30 at 1257, very weak 2-way in Spanish *not* referring to putas (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

UNIDENTIFIED. 6950-USB, Sept 29 at 2134, 2-way Spanish ``puta madre`` INTRUDERS into our pirate band (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

UNIDENTIFIED. 9845, Sept 29 at 2142, YL in tonal Asian language, but cuts off the air in less than a minute! Only thing Aoki listed is CNR1 from Beijing 572 site, not a jammer, at 2025-2400. But from what little I heard, did not think it was Mandarin. Maybe something else realized it had punched wrong frequency (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

This report despatched at 1800 UT Sept 30

Media & Tech - 30/09/2019

Radio Sultanate of Oman is again on air, September 30

Radio Sultanate of Oman is again on air, September 30
from 1359 on 9620 to WeEu, but in Arabic, instead of English 14-15UT


73! Ivo Ivanov
More information on the shortwave listening hobby,
please visit to

QTH-1: Patreshko, Bulgaria
Receiver: Afedri SDR
Software: SDR-Console v2.3(using remote connection)
Antennas: various Inverted V and beverage antennas.

QTH-2: Sofia OK2, Bulgaria
Receiver: Sony ICF-2001D
Antenna: 30 m. long wire

Agenda DX 30/09/2019

Radio Videira, Brasile 720 Khz (1949)
Radio Moderna, Perù 5271 Khz (1982)
Swansea Sound, Gran Bretagna 1161 Khz (1974)

domenica 29 settembre 2019

Glenn Hauser logs September 28-29, 2019


Hi Glenn, my latest Hitlist update:

1) Argentina - RAE: Updated all links to point to new webpages (thanks to Glenn Hauser)
2) Czech Rep - R Prague: Updated entries to read R Prague Int (RPI)
3) USA - R Marti: Added links to archived programmes of Tú Eres la Música, Interferencia and Postmoderno (thanks to Roger in WORiog).

Unless there's a major change anywhere, the next update will be early November. Best wishes and 73 (Alan Roe)

** BOLIVIA. 5952.474, Sept 29 at 0054, VP split-channel carrier must be Radio Pio Doce, from the Twentieth Century, rarely active? or heard, now with het against WRMI 5950, and amid its splash which is inescapable. Aoki/NDXC shows span of RPXII is 10-01 UT which explains why I am no longer hearing it a few minutes later (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** BRAZIL. 6180.025, Sept 29 at 0058, S9+10 of music, 0059 Brazuguese announcement about ``música popular brasileira`` (MPB), the talk audio somewhat suptorted, as RNA is here instead of no signal on 11780 (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CHINA. CNR1 jammers, Sept 29 at 1325-1332 during Sunday evening cultural hour of serious/western music like 6180: 6230, 9180, 9215, 10160, 10960, 11120, 11460, some of them JBA carriers at known SOH spots. At 1358 another JBAC on 14980, but none in the 12s, 13s (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA [and non]. 9640, Sept 28 at 2208, this RHC is *not* producing a buzz field from 10 to 30 kHz either side. Proof that it is not true that I *never* have anything good to say about RHC. Carriers from Brasil`s 9630.4 apparition and presumably from Guinea very weak 9650 are unimpeded (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 7380, Sept 28 at 2212, S9+25 of dead air from RHC when the African service in French is supposed to emit. Something`s always wrong at RHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 6100, Sept 29 at 0600, RHC English is S9+10/20 with sufficient modulation after dead air a few minutes earlier; while // 6000 S9+10 and 6165 S9 are both undermodulated. Something`s always wrong at RHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 13700-AM, Sept 29 at 1336, spurblobs at 66-67 kHz intervals with F# tone while programming is about equally audible in FM and AM modes unlike 13700;  wide but center peaking at approx.: 13503, 13566, 13634 which is S8; 13766, 13833, but no 13900. At 1410 more detected: 13435 vs CODAR; 13363 JBA, 13304 JBA but uncomfortably close to NY Radio ATC on 13306-USB. Something`s always wrong at RHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** GERMANY. 5960, Sept 29 at 0130, beepery during Kim`s radiogram minute within The Mighty Farty KBC, out of Nederland via Nauen, but only S9-S7 and noisy. Propagation degraded as WWV reported:

``Solar-terrestrial indices for 28 September follow. Solar flux 67 and estimated planetary A-index 27. The estimated planetary K-index at 0000 UTC on 29 September was 4. Space weather for the past 24 hours has been minor. Geomagnetic storms reaching the G1 level occurred.`` (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** NORTH AMERICA. 6935-USB, Sept 27 at 2226, bits of music at S7, 2227 ID as ``---- Call? Radio``, more rock, 2233 country. These logs say it`s Skunk Hole Radio, first heard directly as far away as Germany:,58569.0.html My first scan of the pirate band shortly after 2200 found zero activity (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** NORTH AMERICA. 6900-USB, Sept 27 at 2227, S8 rock music, but off by 2232. Only two other logs of this, as unID:,58567.0.html

** TURKEY. 9830, Sept 28 at 2205, again today no trace of VOT English to N America, just heavy RTTY from presumed NAU PR. MANY other (but not all) VOT transmissions are being reported missing by Wolfgang Bueschel and Ivo Ivanov; and/or in some cases, frequencies wandering all over the band from their proper spot, not just a few Hz or 0.7 kHz offsets as before. Something`s VERY wrong at the Emirler transmitter site of VOT (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 7234-LSB, Sept 28 at 2220, ``WW0WWV special event station calling CQ`` but not much response after several tries. No pileups here unlike some other specials, as below. One contact I think with op at Fort Collins IDing self as Fred, AF4BW. Someone gives him a call off-frequency at 7233.5-LSB. Recheck at 0109 Sept 29, WW0WWV now slid to 7235-LSB and generating pileups. 

First after 2200 I was checking 14238-USB, but no WW0WWV heard there and only a few other phone signals on 20m; too close to Ft Collins. 

Mick Delmage, Sherwood Park, AB, had tipped us on the WOR iog earlier: ``For those that want to hear special event station WW0WWV, they are making it very well to the east on 14238u kHz at 1930 UT Sept 28. 73`` Maybe these will be applicable again (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. As I am hunting for WW0WWV, find some other special events on 40m.

7246.0-LSB, Sept 28 at 2214. Some station who fails to give his own call keeps uttering QRZ; those calling him don`t mention his call either, only their own, a gross failure of operational etiquette. He has trouble copying contact calls so they repeat theirs over and over fonetikaly. (BTW, some editors insist on ``correcting`` my Hauserisms which are making a point, or at least enlivening the text.) Serial number is 0388 during what sounds like ``Park to park contest`` but not sure of the keyword park (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 7184-LSB, Sept 28 at 2225, N1O calling CQ. Such a call must be something special. Indeed, leads to this page, which as usual cannot be linked directly even when logged in:

``N1O  USA
OSCAR NORRIS Ham of the Century
P.O. BOX 622
McAdenville, NC 28101


On September 25th Oscar will be 102 years young (born 1917). From September 20th thru September 29th 2019 we will be running a special event to honor Oscar. The event will begin at 00:01 UTC September 20th (September 19th) and end at 11:00 pm on the 29th. 

Oscar is still very much active on 2 meters, 70cm and DMR.  Oscar has made contacts all over the world on D-Star and DMR. Oscar is totally blind and has the ability to work Amatuer Radio (licensed since 1949). Oscar can be found most of the time on the 444.450 W4CQ repeater of the Charlotte Amateur Radio Club.

STATIONS OPERATING UNDER THE N1O CALL SIGN Here's a list of stations we have that will be using the N1O special event call sign and their operator number. 

# 1 Tony N4ATJ, #2 Gary Whitt W5GDW, #3 Robert W7CSA, #4 Fred W4FAC, # 5 Gary Holland KN4RAB, #6 John NJ4Z, #7 Craig KN4EHZ, #8 David W4JL, #9 Howard WB4UD, #10 John C. N2JWC, #11 Kevin WA9VFD, #12 David N1DDC, #13 Brian WB4GS, #14 Bob W4RWS, #15 Rodney W2ROD, #16 Darcy K4DQP, #17 Elliott KN4MGP, #18 Dalton W4WXL and #19 Mack W4ZFD. 

Bonus Station --- Oscar Norris W4OXH. He will be working from time to time, so see if you can contact him. He will be operating under the call sign of W4OXH/N1O. He will be spotted on DX Summit and DX Watch...``

So apparently I was not hearing Oscar himself but who knows which one of those guys honoring him (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 7180-LSB, Sept 29 at 0107, W4D, ``special event honoring the [fifth?] military veterans``; also with an AM carrier at 0108, surely not VOBMEritrea this early. CQ in the clear at 0133 says ``honoring all military veterans`` --- thank you very much! 0326 still there calling CQ. explains: ``W4D  USA 75th anniversary of D-Day Special Event W4ETB, Edward Brady, 2901 SKYE DRIVE, Fayetteville, NC 28303 USA``

OK, but Sept 29 is nowhere near the anniversary of D-Day in June (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A [and non]. WORLD OF RADIO 2001 monitoring: On Sat Sept 28, Ivo Ivanov, Bulgaria, reports on HLR: ``Fair signal of WOR at 0631 on 6190 CUSB, edition 2001``

Confirmed UT Sunday September 29 at 0327 on WA0RCR, 1860-AM, MO, about 13 minutes into at Chukotka, so started circa 0314; good S9+10 vs storm noise. This is currently the only chance to hear WOR on local Saturday in N America as 4 previous SWBC times on WRMI have been dropped one by one, as latest confirmed gone from 9955 at 2100. But there remain a number of airings on Fridays & Sundays. Next:

2130 UT Sunday    WRMI 7780 to NE
0130 UT Monday    WRMI 9395 to NNW, 7780 to NE
0230 UT Monday    WRMI 7780 to NE
0300vUT Monday    WBCQ 5130v Area 51 6160v? to WSW
0330 UT Monday    WRMI 9955 to SSE
0930 UT Monday    Unique Radio 3210-USB NSW ND
1130 UT Monday    Unique Radio 3210-USB NSW ND
1816 UT Monday    IRRS 7290 Romania to WNW
0100 UT Tuesday   WRMI 7780 to NE
0800 UT Tuesday   Unique Radio 5045-USB NSW [2 episodes] ND
2100 UT Wednesday WBCQ 7490v to WSW
0100 UT Thursday  WRMI 7780 to NE

Full schedule including AM, FM, webcasts, satellite, podcasts:

** U S A.. 9389.238, Sept 29 at 0119, very weak rough carrier in sideband splash of 9395 WRMI. Gary Vance & Ken Zichi in Michigan ARE Tipsheet reported hearing this ``almost always there`` suspected parasitic out of WRMI transmitter, so I go looking for it. But there is no match on the 9400+ side of WRMI. I could have assumed it was something local out of my QRMing electronix (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 6160v, Sept 29 at 0057, no signal from this WBCQ, on a Saturday night, still not repaired after last night`s failure; or sporadic activity anyway? It would have been better than 5130 for `Lumpy Gravy Radio Show` as I tried to hear it at 0130, reading S9 but undermodulated in the noise (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 6115, Sept 28 at 2230, ``Come Together`` tune, quite out-of-character programming from WWCR; midway thru VORW now scheduled Saturdays 22-23 as ``VROW``; everything else on this frequency 22-01 UT daily is either political or religious; and with the #1 transmitter squeal (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 3215, Sept 29 at 0541, WWCR-1 instead of TOMBS scheduled, open carrier/dead air except for squeal (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 5085, Sat Sept 28 at 2346, WTWW-2 is on but no `Theatre Organ in the Ozarx`, rather hamstuff from Ted. By 0020 Sept 29 has defaulted to automated music requests; 0128 Ted promoting auto-requests only to be aired during ``last hour``, 11 pm-12 CT [04-05 UT] and then seemingly live current TC for 8:29. I haven`t tried, but apparently you may only choose a song from their menu, not request absolutely anything. BTW, I am having trouble detecting the spurcarriers at 5072.1 and 5097.9; tweakened? (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 5830, Sept 29 at 0103, WTWW-1 is on again, S9+10 with sufficient modulation of Christian identity nonsense; by 0559 recheck, 5830 is gone again. Daytime 9475 of WTWW-1 is on again at 1637 check Sept 29 (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 7505.002, Sept 29 at 0111, WRNO is on again after missing  a week or two? with gospel rock, S9+30 and almost on-frequency (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 1260, Sept 29 at 0605 UT, after weather, ``Springfield`s NewsTalk 104-1, KSGF,`` no mention of AM frequency! And into sounds like `When Radio Was`` which is hardly news. For 5/5 kW, not a very good signal despite proximity; as U4 night pattern has major lobe south, minor lobe north (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

This report dispatched at 1824 UT September 29

Media & Tech - 29/09/2019

Voice of Turkey: Ivo Ivanov and Wolfgang Bueschel monitoring

TRT on Sept 29, at 10.32 UT
 9655.020   72degr  Georgian 10-11 UT
11675.710  150degr  Turkish
13635.007  310degr  Turkish
13650.002   62degr  Uzbek service.
73 wb

TURKEY   TRT Voice of Turkey on wrong frequency in Uzbek on September 29
1000-1025 on  9855 EMR 500 kW / 032 deg to CeAs Tatar, as scheduled A-19
1026-1039 on  9855 EMR 500 kW / 032 deg to CeAs Uzbek, instead of 13650&
1040-1055 on 13650 EMR 500 kW / 062 deg to CeAs Uzbek, as scheduled A-19
Something`s always wrong at Voice of Turkey Emirler transmitting station

VoT Missing before,
TRT Emirler on Sept 29, at 11.10 UT noted also
 7210.006* 290degr  Bulgarian
15240.030   72degr  Chinese service.
73 wb

* bad ITU/HFCC selection, 41 mb at this time slot
has totally EMPTY channels
on Balkan south eastern Europe, except
150kW powerhouse of CRI Bulgarian service
via European relay site at Cerrik Albania on 7220.000 kHz
at S=9+45dB powerhouse at remote SDR in Athens Greece.
Bad fq selection for a lot of handheld SW receivers these days.

TURKEY  TRT Emirler on Sept 29, at 12.37 UT noted also
13635.010 310degr Turkish
13710 kHz NOTHING ON AIR, Urdu 95degr 12-13 UT nothing at 12.37 UT
15410.026  72degr Uyghur service, 12.38 UT.
15450.012 310degr English 12.30-13.30 UT, 12.39 UT.
73 wb

Russian Sce also missing 1300-1355 on 11965 / 020 deg, nothing at 1316UT

TURKEY  woh, woh  - one of the TRT tx units wandered heavily through
25 meterband.

TRT Russian 13-14 UT scheduled on ITU/HFCC requests on
11965 kHz, but wandered today from
11837 ... 11836.970 kHz around at 13.15 UT,
now steady wandered down around 11835.900 but no stop,
no stop catch ...
11834.052 kHz at 13.42 UT
S=9+15dB signal on Mauno's place in Finland.

9840.005 Turkish sce at 13.20 UT
11825.009 Kazakh sce at 13.37 UT.  73 wb

Russian in 11829.7 at 1350UT, 11832,6 at 1353UT

TURKEY   TRT Emirler on Sept 29

9840.005 TRT Turkish sce at 14.05 UT
9610     TRT Italian NOT HEARD TODAY, nothing traced on 14.10 UT
9540.021 kHz TRT Arabic, 14.19 UT
17770.013 kHz TRT Arabic sce towards Sahel zone, North and West Africa
at 14.37 UT.  73 wb

At 1500UT missing Azeri Sce on 9765

9765 kHz 15-16 UT 105degr not on channel, but
moved up and won variable
9734.7 up to 9735.8 at 15.36 UT on Sept 29.

11765.009 15.00-1630 UT 15.30 UT 100degr Dari Pashto Uzbek.

9505.021 VoTurkey in Azeri 105degr at 15.38 UT
73 wb

ps.  nearby an distorted signal of TWR Africa
9499.990 S=9+25dB tremendous at 15.39 UT TWR Manzini SWZ Somali

5960.002 kHz Turkish 16-21 UT at 150degr, 16.58 UT

9460 Turkish to Western Europe 310 degr, but settled total different on

9735.040 .... 16-21 UT hopping move up and down to
9735.220 kHz  S=9+45dB powerful signal as usual at 17.20 UT.

11930.008 kHz TRT Spanish 1630-1730 UT, 270degr, at 16.40 and 16.56 UT

15520  VoTurkey in Engslish, too high fq this autumn season, 95degr,
NOTHING traced at 16.39, nor 17.01 UT.

9840 TRT German 1730-1825 UT was not on air at 310degr

7360.007 kHz 1730-1825 French to Africa 180degr,
powerful nice signal also in Europe.

73 wb

9683.902 kHz traced few times during 16-18 UT time slot,
like West African language program heard,
could be Voice of Nigeria Abuja WeAF programs
6 kHz down, to avoid REE Madrid on 9690 kHz even.

Ascolti AM Treviso 28-29 settembre

819     28/9 1328 R. Diffusione Europea, Trieste ID It 35533
1170   28/9 1345 Radio Capodistria, Beli Kriz i Nx "Barcolana 51" It 45544
9520   28/9 1402 R. Romania Inter., Tiganesti Nx It 45544
9610   28/9 1413 R. Voce della Turchia, Emirler Px  It 55544
9610   29/9 0902 AWR Europe, Nauen Px <Obiettivo DX> It 55555
9610   29/9 1300 Reach Beyond Aus., Kununurra Jingle ID Mx Guj 15522
9690   29/9 1432 R. Exterior Espana, Noblejas Px Deporte  Es 45544
11670 29/9 1443 R. Exterior Espana, Noblejas Px  Deporte  Es 45544
11940 29/9 1444 R. Exterior Espana, Noblejas Px  Deporte  Es 45555
12030 29/9 1445 R. Exterior Espana, Noblejas Px Deporte  Es 54554
15580 29/9 1450 Voice Of America, BOT-Selebi-Phik Mx E 45544

73 da N. Marabello
QTH Treviso, Italia
Ant.: HS AM + filare 6 metri

Wolfgang Bueschel observations

CUBA  12000exact  RHC Spanish harmonic S=8 signal in MA-US remote unit,

at 11.55 UT harmonic of
6000.000 exact RHC from Quivican site at San Felipe TITAN bcast center
         S=9+35dB in Cape Canaveral FL remote site. 11.44 UT + 11.55 UT.

6100even S=9+10dB RHC Bauta outlet, noted in Cape Canaveral FL SDR unit.

and more in MA-US remote site
13700 -   NOT ON AIR at 11.57 UT on Sept 29.
13740even RHC Bejucal site outlet towards Latin South America, backlobe
          in MA-US S=9+15dB at 11.56 UT.
15230even RHC Quivican San Felipe TITAN outlet at S=7 backlobe in MA-US
15140 -   NOT ON AIR at 12.05 UT on Sept 29.

others in Cape Canaveral FL SDR unit
5945.005 NZL  R NZi Rangitaiki at 11.44 UT S=9+15dB
6030even USA  IBB R Marti tremendous S=9+50dB, 36 kHz wideband signal,
         but TX Greenville audio string not symmetrical equal strong,
         stronger on lower band side, broader signal on upperside band.
6050even EQA  likely ? HCJB program from Quito, S=6-7 in Cape Canaveral.
7315.004 USA  WHRI Cypress Creek likely, S=9 fluttery in Cape Canaveral FL.
         at 12.30 UT "...the truth in any commentary slogan ..."
7335even USA  IBB R Marti Greenville only S=7 during Magnetic Storm
         on ionosphere, 11.53 UT.
73 wb

Log Roberto Pavanello

702 22/9 14.50 R. Briscola - Lenta IT MX suff.
711 23/9 22.02 COPE - Murcia SS ID e pubblicità locale suff.
747 24/9 18.20 R.N.E. R.5 - Cadiz SS NX reg. Andalucia suff.
972 23/9 18.20 R.N.E. R.1 - Cabra SS NX reg. Andalucia buono
1017 25/9 18.20 R.N.E. R.5 - Burgos SS NX reg. Castilla y Leon buono
1530 22/9 12.30 R. Centrale Milano - IT ID e MX ottimo ( HRD in Milano )
1584 26/9 22.03 RDE - Trieste IT Inno Nazionale e ID buono
1584 26/9 22.34 R. Gandia - SS ID e pubblicità locale suff.
1602 24/9 22.02 R. Segovia - SS ID e pubblicità locale suff.
1622 25/9 22.15 R. Anatolia - Greco ID e MX buono
5140 24/9 17.50 Charleston R. Int. - EE ID e MX buono
6270 23/9 20.00 R. Mi Amigo - EE ID e MX buono ????????
9650 23/9 20.05 R. Guinee - Conakry FF NX buono
10000 23/9 20.10 Obs. Nac. - Rio de Janeiro PP ID e ora buono
11780 23/9 20.15 R. Nac. Amazonas - Brasilia PP NX suff.
15460 23/9 18.00 Studio 7 - Sao Tome’ Shona talk suff.

Roberto Pavanello
Vercelli / Italia

Studio DX 848 - 29/09/19

Obiettivo DX 848 - 29/09/19

Encore - Classical Music on Sunday on Shortwave (with a repeat on Friday).

Encore - Classical Music on Shortwave - Broadcast on Sunday afternoon in Europe and USA
Encore - Classical Music this weekend is being broadcast as usual by Channel 292 (Europe) on 6070 kHz at 15:00 UTC Sunday 29th September. 
And by WBCQ on 7490 kHz at 00:00 - 01:00 UTC Monday 30th September
There is a repeat on 6070 kHz on Friday 4th October at 19:00 UTC.
This week's programme starts with the Much Ado about Nothing suite by Erich Korngold - with a madrigal by Bonnie Miksch performed by the excellent choral ensemble Siglo di Oro sandwiched in between. After that we have two versions of a movement from Arcadiana by Thomas Ades - one instrumental and the other choral - for comparison. Some electronic music from 1980s to follow then a couple of pieces by Rameau and finally a Beethoven piano sonata.
A great mix - hope you can receive at least one of the broadcasts.
Both Channel 292 and WBCQ do live streams if the reception is poor in your location. Easy to find their sites with a google search.
Thank you for spreading the word about Encore - Classical Music on Shortwave. And thank you to everyone for letting us know how well the signal is received with reception reports.
Brice Avery - Encore - Radio Tumbril.
Regular Broadcast times are:
15:00 - 16:00 UTC Sunday, and repeated 19:00 - 20:00 UTC Friday on 6070 kHz (Channel 292 Germany).

00:00 - 01:00 UTC Monday on 7490 kHz 9WBCQ - Maine).

Agenda DX 29/09/2019

Radio El Espectador, Bolivia (1979)
Radio General Francisco Ramìrez, Argentina 1560 Khz (1951)
Radio Acarigua, Venezuela 1170 Khz (1951)
Radio Rio Quarto, Argentina 1010 Khz (1951)
Radio Zaracay, Ecuador 3395 Khz (1959)

sabato 28 settembre 2019

A.S. Popov e Gugliemo Marconi

Nel mettere a posto il mio album di QSL radioamatoriali ho ritrovato la cartolina relativa a un QSO con un radioamatore russo datata ottobre 1989. Allora era ancora in vita l’Unione Sovietica e l’attività radioamatoriale era controllata dallo Stato. Non era la prima volta che ricevevo la cartolina allegata con l’immagine del fisico russo Popov con la scritta che lo celebrava come inventore della radio e non mi scandalizzavo come alcuni colleghi radioamatori.

Mi sono chiesto se permane ancora questa idea tra i radioamatori russi, ormai decontaminati dall’indottrinamento ideologico. Sono convinto che anche loro si siano persuasi che il vero inventore della radio, riconosciuto internazionalmente, sia Guglielmo Marconi. Navigando in rete, alla ricerca di notizie sui vari diplomi istituiti in memoria di Marconi,  ho visitato un sito di un’associazione radiantistica russa che indicava la sezione ARI di Bologna come referente autorevole a rilasciare il diploma “Guglielmo Marconi”.

Concludo sottolineando l’apporto dato dagli altri scienziati che permise a Marconi di giungere a realizzare un sistema radiante degno di essere chiamato RADIO. Penso che su questo concetto nessuno abbia da obiettare.

73 de Giovanni

 I T 9 T Z Z 
 Sito web> page>

Radio Vanuatu begins upgrading infrastructure

The Vanuatu Broadcasting and Television Corporation (VBTC), which operates Radio Vanuatu has begun work on a $8.1 million infrastructure upgrade to improve radio and free-to-air television service throughout the pacific nation.

Radio Vanuatu is the only viable means of reaching the rural poor, 80% of Vanuatu’s population.

Its origins lie in the colonial era, prior to the country's independence from France and the United Kingdom in 1980. During the colonial period it began as Radio Vila, then Radio New Hebrides, initially broadcasting only ten minutes a day.

The first phase of its upgrade involves the design, installation and commissioning of a new shortwave (HF) and medium wave (MF) service, following which VBTC will also undertake technical work to strengthen its FM services.

A 10kw MF Nautel transmitter and a 10kw HF transmitter manufactured by Hanjin Electronics of South Korea will be installed and commissioned by the end of this year.

It will provide national radio coverage to the 82 islands spread spanning 1,300 kilometres between the most northern and southern islands.

The second phase, beginning early 2020, will reopen Radio Vanuatu’s medium wave radio transmission facilities at St Michelle in Luganville on the island of Santo. This will provide AM service to provinces in the top half of Vanuatu.

Kordia New Zealand Limited has been awarded the contract to project manage, design, install and commission the new radio transmission facilities.

The upgrade was launched at a special function by Prime Minister Charlot Salwai last Friday, where

he spoke about the importance to Vanuatu of having a strong national public radio and television broadcasting service. (

QSL Radio Anatolia

QSL Radio Anatolia 1622 KHz con pollicione alzato su Messenger per registrazione audio inviata alla pagina Facebook Kyriakos Anatolia in 1 giorno. Prima risposta da una pirata greca in onde medie in 44 anni di radioascolto. (R. PAVANELLO)

Live streaming of All India Radio stations

Live streaming of many All India Radio stations are now available State wise in the official site, click on Live Radio on top right side 

Media & Tech - 28/09/2019

Glenn Hauser logs September 27-28, 2019

** ARMENIA. 7475, Sept 27 at 2359. JBA carrier from presumed special broadcast of Christie`s soundtrack simulcast with her RCI film `Spectres of Shortwave` showing in Winnipeg; even less than that a few minutes later Sept 28. This was aimed at Africa and reported well heard into South America (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 5040, Sept 28 at 0518, RHC English is S9+10/20 but undermodulated; 6000 is off, 6165 JBA if on, and 6100 very strong and also undermodulated. Something`s always wrong at RHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 9620-9660, Sept 28 at 1414, RHC 9640 is again buzzing out across this range, worst circa 9630 & 9650. Something`s always wrong at rHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** OKLAHOMA [non]. 1580, Sept 28 at 1305 UT, KOKB Blackwell is off the air again, nothing from NE, but aiming NW/SE I have some Mex mx mixing with sports talk in English. The Mex very likely KFCS Colorado Springs with latest format; the sports KHGG Van Buren AR (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** TURKEY. 9830, Sept 27 at 2202, no trace of VOT English to us, beneath S9 of RTTY continuing from presumed NAU PR. No change at 2246 recheck. Yet in Europe, Wolfgang Bueschel reports simultaneously: 

``TURKEY, 9830.021 kHz exact measured. TRT Emirler in English scheduled 22-23 UT noted with music program at 2158 UT, S=9+35dB proper signal into southern Germany tonight, but hit by own BUZZ tone, 8 x 100 Hertz distance strings seen visible either sideband. Schedule time and frequencies in total, in English language announced 2200-2201 UT. News started at 22.02:30 UT, 'some 430 buildings hit by recent earthquake in Istanbul ... 5th flight of Turkish airforce F12 fighter operated regularly on SYRIAN national soil, on fight against Kurdish national folk group home territory on northern Syria.'

Super widerange signal covers 9815 to 9845 kHz band. 2209 Turkish press report. [selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz] (wb df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews Sept 27)``

Many other VOT broadcasts have been found missing even in Europe (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 18150-USB, Sept 27 at 2158, CQ DX from KM6TS over and over, hardly anything else on band. Not Midway either? No, ARRL DXCC shows Midway Island now KH4 prefix; why in the world did FCC mess up the original setup for US overseas entities? 

This guy is: QUICK JR, ELLIOT P, KM6TS, PALMDALE, CA 93550. Presumably a bit of sporadic E. Zero signals on 16m SWBC band; 17775 KVOH would be off by now (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A [and non]. WORLD OF RADIO 2001 monitoring: confirmed first SWBC, Friday September 27 at 2200 on WRMI 9955, S9/+10, not upcut; by2210 recheck some lite pulse jamming, tnx a lot, Cuba!

Also confirmed UT Saturday Sept 28 at 0130 on WRMI: 7780, S9/+10 vs storm noise; 5850, S9+20/30 yet storm noise still audible under; 5010, S9+10 including more storm noise from KS.

Noel R. Green [NW England], checked our next two via Hamburger Lokalradio:

``Re 0629vUT Saturday HLR 6190-CUSB Germany to WSW: I tuned to this frequency today [28th] at around 0645 UT but heard only a very weak signal below the local noise level. However I'm reasonably certain that the voice I could hear was that of Glenn's, but no words were copied

Re 1430 UT Saturday HLR 9485-CUSB Germany to WSW: At 1435 I can detect a signal on this frequency but no audio. There is some side-splash from RRI in Romanian, but their signal is a very variable one, peaking at S9 and down to S2. All maybe due to storm condx ?????``

I also check the 1430 HLR broadcast. As always not a trace in OK  on 9485-CUSB; even 9690 Spain is JBA. Nor am I audible via UTWente SDR nor OH5AE, just splash from 9490 Romania. Once again there are some other weak stations on 6190 & 7265, the only other possible HLR frequencies. Next:

1930vUT Saturday  WA0RCR 1860-AM ND
2100 UT Saturday  WRMI 9955 [canceled]
0300vUT Sunday    WA0RCR 1860-AM [nominal 0315] ND
1030 UT Sunday    HLR 7265-CUSB Germany to WSW
2130 UT Sunday    WRMI 7780 to NE
0130 UT Monday    WRMI 9395 to NNW, 7780 to NE
0230 UT Monday    WRMI 7780 to NE
0300vUT Monday    WBCQ 5130v Area 51 6160v? to WSW
0330 UT Monday    WRMI 9955 to SSE
0930 UT Monday    Unique Radio 3210-USB NSW ND
1130 UT Monday    Unique Radio 3210-USB NSW ND
1816 UT Monday    IRRS 7290 Romania to WNW
0100 UT Tuesday   WRMI 7780 to NE
0800 UT Tuesday   Unique Radio 5045-USB NSW [2 episodes] ND
2100 UT Wednesday WBCQ 7490v to WSW
0100 UT Thursday  WRMI 7780 to NE

Full schedule including AM, FM, webcasts, satellite, podcasts:

** U S A. 9980, Sept 27 at 2201, WWCR-4 is late in generic sign-off message with no time or frequency to resume, just: ``must leave the air``. Then switch to woman speaking a few words, as her program whatever it be, is doomed on 9980. In fact, program sked admits #4 will skip 7520 entirely, and resume only at 02-04 on 5890 --- and not even that on weekends when transmitter is totally silent; the only other span being M-F 20-22 on 9980. Business is bad! That`s why they ``must leave`` (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 9330.0, Friday September 27 at 2204, WBCQ is on with Brother Scare like on 9395 WRMI; only S9 and suspect not the 500 kW but resuming one of the classic transmitters, despite having deleted 9330 from HFCC (yet retaining never-used 15420; and the three projected WLC channels): 12120 is still not on, just RTTY from presumed NAU.

TOMBS is also at 2205 on WWCR 6115, and WBCQ 7490.034. At 2246 I measure ``9330`` on 9329.957, so it`s sure not the S-S. Anyhow, WBCQ frequencies have been touched up but still off the mark.

6160v is also on with music at 2358 but I don`t get around to measure its offset. 

7490v, 6160v, 9330v, UT Sat Sept 28 at 0000 all start `AAAWWW` with William Tell Overture. 

But NOT 5130v which is playing other music and continues not // at 0004 and later, tho sked still shows AAAWWW on there too:

AW`s opening refers to ``W-Beacon-CQ``; he had been cagey about what  the callsign *really* stands for. Laments about ``demonic forces out there``, so we know it`s going to be political from this Trumper-forever. But first recounts how he met his current ``beautiful wife`` Angela two years ago. I skip the politix and resume at 0045 when he usually starts getting down to business. A call from J.P. advises that 6160 dumped off the air 8 minutes ago; unknown why and AW won`t be able to check it till this live program be over. 

To help counter ``climate change madness``, Hal Turner is being expanded from once a week to M-F 9 pm ET (Tue-Sat 01 UT) on 7490, and on Wednesdays until 11 pm also on 5130 (UT Thu 01-03). Doesn`t say so, but on 7490v this replaces Brother Scare who has been running most nights at 01-03! Another call from Bill Smith who is happy to report that he will be getting out of prison on November 8 and AW is looking forward to seeing him. 

The pirate special $10/hour rate on 5130 he is canceling as just can`t afford to give away airtime so cheaply. Instead $35/hour on 6160, 3265, with discounts available for large purchases. Prayer by 0100 and only runs a few minutes over this week; for some reason after the benedixion he always comes back with some more station promotion before finishing the show. Here`s John Carver`s version:

``Listening on 7490 this evening and show started on time. Allan and Angela in the studio with Allan talking about it being the two year anniversary of Allan and Angela getting together. First phone call at 0008 from a man in Montana talking about Trump's problems. After the call Allan goes back to talking about Angela. He also said that they were broadcasting on the classic transmitters this evening. Then the conversation turned to Trump's problems and Allan dismissed it as propaganda from Congress and compared Congress to the Nazis. 

Political talk continued until a phone call from Pirate Joe at 0045  telling them that 6160 had gone off the air. Then back to political talk. Allan also announced that the Hal Turner show would be expanding to five nights a week at nine o'clock and would have an extended program on Wednesday evenings. Reading of emails at 0053 and closing prayer at 0057. After the prayer he announced that the ten dollar an hour deal on 5130 was cancelled as he just couldn't afford it. Program was off the air at 0102. John, Mid-North Indiana`` (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 5830, Sept 28 at 0519, WTWW-1 is on for the first time in many nights, only S7-S8 and just barely modulated, but at 0600 I can detect it is really SFAW with the Laporte, Colorado P O Box address. It`s notably weaker than neighbor 5935 WWCR at S9-S7 with DGS. 5085, WTWW-2 however is VG still on after midnight with rock at 0520 UT.

Daytime WTWW-1 9475 has also been missing many days in random unlogged tuning, and still missing Sept 28 at 1413, 1619 chex. 

(This opens an opportunity to hear the only other station daring to confront WTWW, TWR Swaziland, 9475 at 1745-1815 mostly in Swahili). (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 1280, Sept 28 at 1301 UT, KSOK is back on air after silence, maybe still not up to full 1 kW power, ``Get your kixx on The Mixx, AM 1280 and K277CK 103.3``, into 1 minute of Fox `news` (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

This report dispatched at 1659 UT September 28

Zambia - Chinese & South Sudan


Text of report in English by South Sudan state-owned SSBC TV (formerly SSTV) on 6 September

[Presenter] South Sudan Broadcasting Corporation (SSBC) launched the
construction of new studios and offices within its premises on Friday
[6 September].

The project which is funded by the Chinese government through China Aid that is aimed at strengthening ties and improving the country's
infrastructure is expected to be completed in two years time.

The Minister of Information, Communication and Postal Services, Michael Makuei Lueth, alongside the senior staff of the ministry and SSBC, unveiled the foundation stone at the groundbreaking ceremony.

In his address at the construction site, Makuei thanked China for
supporting South Sudan and developing her infrastructure.

[Michael Makuei] China has ever been with us. It has ever been standing with the people of South Sudan in all the difficulties in which we passed through. Today, China came in for this very important project and as I said earlier, this is not the only project but there are so many other projects as enumerated by Comrade Andruga (South Sudanese ambassador to China). The Chinese have been standing with us ever since, before and after the peace and their commitment is clear and understood by the people of South Sudan. With this project now, they are adding more, to all the efforts, all the projects, all the
donations they were providing to South Sudan.

[Presenter] On his part, the Chinese Ambassador to South Sudan, Hua
Ning said construction of SSBC studios is part of the Chinese policy of people-to-people cooperation in Africa.

[Hua Ning] Media cooperation exchange is one of the most important
parts of a people-to-people exchange program.

[Presenter] Meanwhile, South Sudan's Ambassador to China, John Andruga Duku, hailed the historic relations between the two countries and described them as mutually beneficial and genuine.

[John Andruga] You see that the relationship between South Sudan and
China develops in three strategic areas: Political cooperation,
economic cooperation, and cultural exchange.

[Presenter] The Managing Director of SSBC, James Magok Chilim, said the construction of the studios would improve the technical application of broadcast service on the airwave.

[James Magok] After completion, we believe that we shall be well
technically and they would be the first modern studios for TV broadcast in the Republic of South Sudan. The completion of these studios will help us meet the requirements and deadline of digital migration. This is one of the greatest projects supported by the People's Republic of China in South Sudan alongside other major projects.

[Presenter] The Chairman of SSBC's Board of Directors, Professor
William Hai Zaza said this project puts the country in the right track of global digital migration by the year 2020.

[William Hai Zaza] They have shown us good friendship as was stated by the engineer and because we have seen the timeframe of digital
migration although the time has been extended to 2020. We are already
in the third quarter of 2019.

[Presenter] The project according to Contractor Ling Jang, who spoke in Chinese, will include radio and television studios and recording halls, satellite signal reception system, live broadcast system, shortwave signal transmitter and recreational facilities to transform the image of SSBC and improve broadcast of programming, including cooperation with Chinese media in cultural exchange areas.

CREDIT: South Sudan Broadcasting Corporation (SSBC) TV in English 1700 gmt 6 Sep 19 (BBC Monitoring, Sep 7, via Mike Cooper, DXLD)

Media & Tech L'Approfondimento - 28/09/2019

Log of Sept 27th at 22.40 to 23.45 UT taken in Cape Canaveral, NJ, and Detroit MI remote SDR'

re Bob's question, can tell someone with English language background in the SDR / Perseus community about correct SDR receiver alignement / calibration and read-out etc.,

and check action frequencies against reliable broadcaster like BBC WOF, OMA, SNG, ASC and so on - on standard fq format WHV WWVH, and especially to mention China mainland excellent shortwave radio work these days, with precise x.000 kHz outlets on their much amount of 500 kW beasts.

Note to compare with DXing in the 70ties in the past, when used Collins 390A or 391 after WWII state of the art units. Calibrated with a 5 kHz / 1 kHz calibrator reading in these era.

PERSEUS unit is the best ever used correct rx calibration here since appeared from Italy on Christmas in 2008 year.

Tonight occurs excellent and early good reception worldwide, when checked remote SDR in Cape Canaveral FL, NJ and MI units:

from dxld copied:
2019 Sep 26      69          10          3
2019 Sep 27      69          35          6
2019 Sep 28      69          45          6
2019 Sep 29      69          20          5
2019 Sep 30      69          10          4

4980even USA  WRMI SMTV, S=9+35dB signal in FL state, 11.6 kHz wideband
         news from TV: "EU Brussels helped Nigerian farmer villagers to grow
         water spring..."  GOOD NEWS read. 22.48:30 UT.

Some CODAR scratching sound on 60 meterband tonight
4764 - 4792 kHz
4800 - 4840 kHz
4883 - 4914 kHz

STANAG data block around 4812 kHz S=9+10dB

4885.022 BRA  R Clube do Para at 22.54 UT, \\ confirmed with their website
         MW 690 kHz online player. ID Banda Tropical at 23.00 UT,
         S=5-6 in Cape Canaveral FL state in USA.
4924.979 BRA  Radio Educacao Rural Tefe, Portuguese poor S=6 at 23.10 UT
5010even USA  WRMI Okeechobee site, S=9+35dB on remote SDR in Cape Canaveral
         "La Bibla Habla" program, Jeremias Bible reading in Spanish,
         about Jerusalem Judea, symphonic orchestra mx in between,
         at 23.06 UT on Sept 27. 16 kHz wideband audio visible on screen.
5025even CUB  Radio Rebelde Bauta site, 16 kHz wideband Spanish program,
         5025 broad signal, bump into 5010 kHz signal of WRMI. 23.08 UT
5040even CUB  RHC Bauta ENGLISH sce at this hour 23-24 UT. 23.10 UT
         un-clean scratching audio, bad reception in Detroit MI remote unit
         S=9+35dB stronger than 5025 kHz Bauta outlet.
         16 kHz wideband audio.
5129.985 USA  Likely WBCQ on the US/Canadian border, S=9+10dB carrier,
         music and singer at 23.13 UT unid px, Tintron mention in
         Aoki Nagoya Japan database list.
5049.999 weak string visible at 23.16 UT, spur of Cubans ?
6184.989 MEX  R Educacion from Mexico D.F., mx px at 23.17 UT, S=9 -76dBm
         even in Detroit MI state.
6195even probably ?
         SNG  BBC px string poor visible across Greenland - Siberia path ?
6175even ALB  European relay site Cerrik in Albania, CRI Spanish service,
         S=9+15dB in remote Detroit unit, 23.19 UT on Sept 27.
6159.990 USA  WBCQ one of their older tx units, S=9+25dB signal at 23.21 UT
         13 kHz wideband audio visible. Played anglo-american pop mx likely.
6115even USA WWCR in English pastor BIBLE talk, S=9+35dB excellent
         transmission quality, 23.23 UT, 11 kHz wideband audio seen on
6069.979 CAN  CFRX Toronto, En at 23.26 UT, presenter advt contact phone-no
         given, advts also 23.27 to 23.29 UT. S=8-9 in MI state.
6049.998 UNIDentified signal, S=7 in Florida, likely across atlantic signal
         probably from Monrovia Liberia ? 23.30 UT, also same signal level
         on 5995 kHz Bamako MLI.
5999.994 CUB  RHC Spanish sce via Quivican San Felipe TITAN site,
         250 kW unit,
         but HEAVY DISTORTED AUDIO quality,
         S=9+30dB noted in Detroit MI remote SDR unit. 23.31 UT on Sept 27
5990even CUB  Latin American relay site of CRI Beijing in English via
         Quivican San Felipe TITAN site, 250kW, "World Today" program
         at 23.32 UT, S=9+25dB, LOW MODULATION - though strong signal.
5980even USA  IBB BBG US 'veiled / private? organization ?' foreign sce
         program in Spanish towards Cuban island audience. From IBB BBG
         Greenville NC-US site origin. At 23.34 UT
         Spanish language report about former GDR intelligence sce 'STASI'
         'Alemania Systema Communista' tremendous S=9+40dB Greenville signal
5950even USA  WRMI Okeechobee FL state outlet, very poor and tiny ! S=4-5 !
         at 23.35 UT on Sept 27.
5939.669 BRA  Voz Missionaria in Bras-Portuguese language, S=8 at 23.37 UT
5850even USA  WRMI Okeechobee, BS TOM ministry roarer, S=9+30dB at 23.38 UT
         10.5 kHz wideband signal visible.
5800.013 UNID carrier signal as always, WRMI origin ?
         maybe poor EXCITER unit only ? -105dBm poor and tiny. 23.40 UT.
7210even ALB  European relay site Cerrik in Albania, CRI Spanish service,
         S=9+10dB in remote Detroit unit, 23.41 UT on Sept 27.
7315.003 USA  WHRI English language pastor, prayer, S=9+10dB in Detroit MI
         at 23.45 on Sept 27.

[selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz]
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews Sept 27)

Wolfgang Bueschel: TRT Emirler observations

TURKEY   9830.021 kHz exact measured.
TRT Emirler in English scheduled 22-23 UT noted with mx program at 21.58 UT,
S=9+35dB proper signal into southern Germany tonight,
but hit by own BUZZ tone, 8 x 100 Hertz distance strings seen
visible either sideband.

Schedule time and frequencies in total, in English language announced
22.00-22.01 UT

Nx started at 22.02:30 UT, 'some 430 buildings hit by recent earthcake in
Istanbul ... 5th flight of Turkish airforce  F12 fighter operated regularily
on SYRIAN national soil, on fight against Kurdish national folk group home
territory on northern Syria. '

Super widerange signal covers 9815 to 9845 kHz band.
22.09 UTC Turkish press report.

[selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz]
(wb  df5sx, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews Sept 27)

TURKEY   TRT Emirler when checked on Sept 28 at 09.20 UT

11675.701 kHz S=8-9 in south Germany, S=9+20dB in Doha Qatar site.
      backlobe signal of Turkish NE/ME service.
11750.009 kHz TRT Arabic sce, backlobe signal in Europe,
      S=8-9 in southern Germany, S=9+35dB in remote SDR Doha Qatar
11795.023 kHz TRT Persian sce, sidelobe signal in Europe,
      S=9+10dB in southern Germany, S=9+20dB in remote SDR Doha Qatar
11955 not, only alternate frequency HFCC/ITU request.
13635.008 kHz S=9+45dB powerhouse here in soGermany,
      S=9+35dB backlobe into Doha Qatar NE/ME at 09.44 UT.
      but had also again a break at 09.35 UT, as yesterday Sept 27
      happened too, TX signal back at 09.38 UT.

73 wb  df5sx

Agenda DX 28/09/2019

Radio Continental, Argentina 590 Khz (1969)
Radio Nueva Esparta, Venezuela 920 Khz (1952)

venerdì 27 settembre 2019

Glenn Hauser logs September 27, 2019

** CUBA. 9620-9660 approx., Sept 27 at 1326 range of buzznoise out of 9640 transmitter which itself exhibits some humbuzz rather than clear modulation. Something`s always wrong at RHC. But today no 13 MHz FM service (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 9490, Sept 27 at 1327, pulse jamming vs nothing, far outside the Radio República hours of 01-05. Tough luck, many other users of 9490 including CRI in Bengali right now; also at various hours: AWR Armenia, BVB via Germany, Bulgaria; NHK via Germany, Tibet, Romania, Taiwan, VOA via Thailand, Kuwait, São Tomé, UAE, Ascension. Something`s always wrong at the incompetent DentroCuban Jamming Command (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A [and non]. WORLD OF RADIO 2001 contents: Antarctica, Armenia, Brazil, Canada, Cuba, Hawaii, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Japan, México, Myanmar, Norway, Oklahoma, Russia, Sikkim, Spain, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, USA, Vanuatu; and the propagation outlook.

WOR 2001 is available as of 0330 UT Friday September 27
(mp3 stream)
(mp3 download)

Or via
Also linx to podcast services.

The shortwave broadcasts should be:

2200 UT Friday    WRMI 9955 to SSE
0130 UT Saturday  WRMI 7780 to NE, and NEW 5850 to NW, 5010 to S
0629vUT Saturday  HLR 6190-CUSB Germany to WSW
1000 UT Saturday  Unique Radio 5045-USB NSW [alt weeks, Sept 28] ND
1430 UT Saturday  HLR 9485-CUSB Germany to WSW
1930vUT Saturday  WA0RCR 1860-AM ND
2100 UT Saturday  WRMI 9955 [canceled]
0300vUT Sunday    WA0RCR 1860-AM [nominal 0315] ND
1030 UT Sunday    HLR 7265-CUSB Germany to WSW
2130 UT Sunday    WRMI 7780 to NE
0130 UT Monday    WRMI 9395 to NNW, 7780 to NE
0230 UT Monday    WRMI 7780 to NE
0300vUT Monday    WBCQ 5130v Area 51 6160v? to WSW
0330 UT Monday    WRMI 9955 to SSE
0930 UT Monday    Unique Radio 3210-USB NSW ND
1130 UT Monday    Unique Radio 3210-USB NSW ND
1816 UT Monday    IRRS 7290 Romania to WNW
0100 UT Tuesday   WRMI 7780 to NE
0800 UT Tuesday   Unique Radio 5045-USB NSW [2 episodes] ND
2100 UT Wednesday WBCQ 7490v to WSW
0100 UT Thursday  WRMI 7780 to NE

Full schedule including AM, FM, webcasts, satellite, podcasts:

** U S A. 5129.976, Sept 27 at 0230, WBCQ now off-frequency-minus, but closer after quite a spell circa 5130.38v. Can`t read the programming, but scheduled UT Fridays 0200-0300 is Radio for Peace International, i.e. in French; a new tongue for WBCQ? (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 7505v, Sept 27 at 0236, WRNO is OFF; come to think of it, have not heard in some time altho I have not been seeking it nightly during the 01-04 UT window. Walt Salmaniw says it`s been a week or two. So what`s wrong? (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 860, Sept 27 at 1312? UT, tune across Pittsburg KS` KKOW ID ``and 97.5 in Joplin`` MO, item to add to the NRC AM Log which shows no FM. Per WTFDA FM Database, that`s K248DR, 250 watt translator, ex-K258BF on 105.7. It has no other FM relays of KKOW, not even in Pittsburg itself (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 1160, Sept 27 at 1253 UT, Oom-pah Mexican music is dominant, but there is only one XE left on 1160, way off in BC. 1254 announcement mentions ``La Doble K``, so slogan ID? Searching on that leads no closer than to Lima, Perú. There are no Unitedstatesian 1160s with KK in their calls. Among US SS stations, this is certainly KCTO Cleveland MO (KC market), but all listings and own website call it ``La Mega``, nothing about double-K. 1256 fades and I tune elsewhere; back to 1160 at 1300 it`s faded back up with more Mex music so maybe I missed real ID. KSL is hardly a factor, as usual seeming weakened. Belatedly I try to DF it, and NE/SW seems to fit.  Soon a SAH develops of 72/minute = 1.2 Hz, losing out to religion in English, perhaps KRDY San Antonio altho listed as TLK, or a late remnant of WYLL Chicago (Glenn Hauser, OK,, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 1210, Sept 27 at 0559 UT, rapid multi-station ID for the Information Station group, including WJNL, and 0600 WJML News; so Kingsley MI *50 kW daytimer is still cheating* as first noted here over two sesquimonths ago --- obviously no one else cares, not even the legal 1210 stations at night. I`m not aiming the DX-398 toward it, just dominating KGYN et al., on the E-W longwire, at a spur-of-the-moment check; and BTW at this time it`s much better than 1200 WOAI! (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

UNIDENTIFIED. 7457-USB, Sept 27 at 1322, MARS net 4TX2 with NCS AFA4WP arranging relays in rollcall. No results searching for that call, but we know it`s AF MARS region 4, and maybe TX refer to Texas (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

This report dispatched at 1632 UT Sept 27

Pope Francis Mass live on shortwave

On the morning of Sunday, 29 September, between 10.25 am - 12.15 pm, Pope Francis will mark World Day of Migrants and Refugees with the celebration of Holy Mass in St. Peter’ Square.

In an exceptional move, apart from the usual live broadcasts, Vatican Radio will also carry live the Pope’s Mass on Shortwave radio. The Shortwave frequencies will be beamed to English speaking African countries: kHz 15575 OC; Portuguese - Africa: kHz 17635 OC and French-speaking countries in Africa on the Shortwave frequency of kHz 13815 OC

Media & Tech - 27/09/2019

Propagation News – 29 September 2019

September 27, 2019

Last week continued with zero sunspots, making it now more than 190 days this year that the solar surface has remained spotless. Many solar scientists predict that 2019 will have a total of more than 250 days without sunspots, which would make it the ninth most ‘spotless’ year since records began in 1849. Current research suggests that it may be at least next summer before we see Solar Cycle 25 taking off. Solar physicist Lisa Upton says the current solar minimum will continue through 2019, likely ending in 2020. The next solar maximum is expected in 2024-2026. Meanwhile, looking at HF propagation last week there were a few surprises. Ten metre FT8 showed that there are still some short sporadic E openings occurring on the band. The trick is to be there when they happen!

Daytime critical frequencies are still hovering around the 4.1 to 5.1MHz range, which is good news for 80m local contacts, but not so good for 40m. These figures translate to maximum useable frequency over a 3,000km path of up to 18-19MHz at times. But do keep an eye on for real-time figures.

This weekend will likely see the after-effects on the ionosphere of a very large coronal hole that was spewing out solar matter when this report was being prepared. This may send the K-index up to a maximum of six, with lowered critical frequencies and noisy bands. The rest of the week will see slightly more settled conditions.

The good news is that DX is starting to return as we move towards better autumnal ionospheric conditions. The lower bands are also starting to come into their own, and as we have passed the Autumnal Equinox, don’t forget that this is also the best time of year for north-south, transequatorial contacts.

VHF and up:
There was a totally different feel to the weather last week with a return of rain, showers and strong winds at times. That produced some nice rain scatter QSOs on 10GHz for the SHF UK Activity Contest. It looks like a similar story this weekend and into much of the next week for most areas, which will mean that rain scatter is again an item for the coming week. There will be a brief possibility of a weak ridge of high pressure crossing the country midweek, although such short duration transient features are not usually great providers of tropo.

This Sunday, the Moon is at perigee—its closest point to Earth—so path losses are low. Declination is negative and falling, so peak moon elevation will get lower as the week progresses. We are entering a period in the Northern Hemisphere where Moon perigee coincides with low and decreasing declination, meaning that lowest path losses coincide with low Moon peak elevation and short Moon visibility windows. This trend will continue until June 2022, when perigee and lowest declination coincide. After this, the trend reverses until September 2026 when perigee and maximum declination coincide again. This is a double-edged sword, as the upcoming conditions will favour extreme EME DX where antenna elevation needs to be very low, but path losses on the GHz bands will be highest when the Moon is at its highest. There are no significant meteor showers this week, so continue to check the early hours before dawn for the best random meteors. (

The K7RA Solar Update

Sorry, still no sunspots. reported on September 26 there were no sunspots for over 3 weeks, or 24 consecutive days.

Summer transitioned through the autumnal equinox last Monday, and noted that during the northern summer more than 89% of the days were spotless.

So far in 2019 the spotless days percentage is 72%, equal to what it was in the last solar minimum, in 2008 and 2009.

Passing the equinox is a good time for HF propagation, even with low solar activity, and this is true whether you are now in spring in the Southern Hemisphere or fall in the northern.

Over the past week (September 19-25) average daily solar flux shifted marginally from 68.1 to 67.3, while average daily planetary A index reflected quiet geomagnetic indices changing from 8.3 to 5.4 and mid-latitude indices went from 8 to 4.6.

Predicted solar flux is 67 on September 27 to October 4, and 68 on October 5 through November 10.

Predicted planetary A index is 28, 45, and 20 on September 27-29, 12 on September 30 and October 1, 8 on October 2-3, 5 on October 4-5, 12 on October 6, 5 on October 7-9, then 8, 5, 8, 10, 8 and 8 on October 10-15, then 5 on October 16-19, then 12 and 8 on October 20-21, 5 on October 22-24, then 25, 18, 10, 5 and 8 on October 25-29, then 5 on October 30 through November 1, 10 on November 2, 5 on November 3-5, then 8, 5, 8, 10 and 8 on November 6-10.

The planetary A index forecast of 28, 45 and 20 on September 27-29 is due to solar wind spewing from a large coronal hole. This is the same hole that gave us the planetary A index of 38 and 45 on August 31 and September 1. Look for it again on October 25-26 after yet another trip around the Sun. reported in an email on September 26: GEOMAGNETIC STORM WARNING: A large hole in the Sun's atmosphere is facing Earth and spewing a stream of solar wind in our direction. NOAA forecasters say there is a chance of moderately-strong G2-class geomagnetic storms when the gaseous material arrives on Sept. 28th. The last such storm in early September produced auroras visible in many northern-tier US states. Visit today's edition of for more information and forecasts.

Geomagnetic activity forecast for the period September 27 until October 22, 2019 from F.K. Janda, OK1HH.

Geomagnetic field will be
Quiet on: October 8, 16-17
Quiet to unsettled on: October 3-4, 7, 9, 20
Quiet to active on: October 1-2, 6, 10-11, 15, 18-19, 22
Unsettled to active on: September 30, October (5, 12-14,) 21
Active to disturbed: September 27-28, (29)

Solar wind will intensify on: September 27-30, October 1 (-4, 7-9,) 11 (-14,) 21-23

- Parenthesis means lower probability of activity enhancement.
- The predictability of changes remains lower.

Thanks to this week’s ARRL Letter for these two references to a 1921 disturbance I had never heard of, rivaling the infamous Carrington Event of 1859: and

Bil Paul, KDJUI, who operates ham radio from a kayak (detailed in November 2016 QST) reported on September 26: "I was operating from kayak today (Thursday) running 10 W into an end-fed half-wave wire vertical antenna alongside the boat in Lake Solano near Winters, CA. I was surprised to contact two French CW stations on 20 meters around noon Pacific Time (1900 UTC). They gave me signal reports of 5/3 and 5/5. I gave them S6 and S7 reports. There was a little fading.

“I did hear one station on 17 meters (CW), but no luck there. No luck either on 30 meters. Good fishing, though!"

N4SO in Alabama reports FT8 contacts on 40 and 17 meters on September 22-24: "Conditions have been favorable on 40 meters for making contacts with FT8 mode to Australia and New Zealand every night after midnight. Here are decoding examples from September 24 between 1 and 4 AM local time:

065715 -13  0.2 1281 -  CQ ZL4DC RE54      New Zealand
071915 -14  0.5 1692 -  CQ VK2FAD QF56     Australia
080800 -19  0.4  860 -  CQ VK7NET QE38     Australia
094830 -17  0.4  599 -  CQ SA VK6IR OF77   Australia

“Australia is also available with FT8 on 17 meters in the early evening hours before sunset. This one is even earlier at 4:40 PM Central Time.

214245 -12 -0.1 1776 -  N4SO VK2DX 73”

Here is the latest video from WX6SWW:

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For more information concerning radio propagation, see the ARRL Technical Information Service at For an explanation of numbers used in this bulletin, see

An archive of past propagation bulletins is at More good information and tutorials on propagation are at

Monthly propagation charts between four USA regions and twelve overseas locations are at

Instructions for starting or ending email distribution of ARRL bulletins are at

Sunspot numbers for September 19 through 25, 2019 were 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, and 0, with a mean of 0. 10.7 cm flux was 67.1, 67.2, 67.7, 68.3, 66.1, 67.1, and 67.5, with a mean of 67.3. Estimated planetary A indices were 4, 3, 7, 4, 3, 13, and 4, with a mean of 5.4. Middle latitude A index was 4, 3, 7, 2, 2, 11, and 3, with a mean of 4.6. (