domenica 20 maggio 2018

New fake station on 1584 khz

After Radio Oberfranken and others, a new fake station, probably broadcasting from Italy, has been heard on 1584 kHz, this time identifying itself as Free Radio AM. That is a sort of ”Black clandestine station" that claims to be Free Radio AM, the legal radio station with this name, which has a license and operates from Trieste on 1584 kHz. The true Free Radio AM can be identified by matching your audio on 1584 kHz with their stream which can be found at http://www.assamgroup.it/

This Internet site also includes an announcement in Italian saying that the station «is under attack by some illegal radio operators that, especially in night hours, use to broadcast on 1584 kHz different kind of contents with the aim of deliberately causing interference to Free Radio AM. A number of different station names have been used for such transmissions which are aired via a transmitter with enough power.

The situation has now become serious like never before. In the last days, those illegal broadcasters have carried station announcements saying that you are tuned to Free Radio AM. They record and falsify our jingles and voices, which are modified with the addition of insults and blasphemies. Those illegal broadcasters not only deliberately interfere to Free Radio AM but also other radio stations in Europe, whose operators can believe that the origin of such interferences is the true Free Radio AM. It’s quite evident that a criminal act is underway with the aim of forcing our station to stop broadcasting.

Of all those facts, the Italian authorities are well aware since January 2018 but until now no action has been apparently taken. We dissociate ourselves from any broadcast with offensive and blasphemous language and hope that authorities will solve this case as soon as possible. We invite our listeners to report to us any kind of taboo language which can be heard over that station claiming to be Free Radio AM!» (Antonello Napolitano)

Log Roberto Pavanello

1008 17/5 22.33 R. Extremadura - Badajoz SS ID e pubblicità locale buono
1026 16/5 22.28 R. Jean - SS ID e pubblicità locale buono
1170 16/5 22.35 R. Abu Dhabi - Arabo MX insuf.
1575 15/5 22.30 R. Pamplona - SS ID e pubblicità locale buono
1584 17/5 20.20 Free R. AM - Trieste IT ID e MX buono
1584 19/5 22.25 Fake Free R. AM - Pistoia IT ID e MX buono
1602 13/5 22.35 R. Segovia - SS ID e pubblicità locale buono
1602 18/5 22.35 R. Cartagena - SS ID e pubblicità locale buono
1602 18/5 22.40 R. Seagull - Harlingen Dutch MX suff.
3915 19/5 23.00 BBC - Singapore EE NX buono
4055 19/5 03.45 R. Verdad - Chiquimula EE predica suff.
4765 19/5 03.30 R. Progreso - Habana SS MX buono
4885 19/5 03.40 R. Clube do Parà- Belem PP MX buono
5010 19/5 23.35 WRMI - Miami SS predica suff.
5140 14/5 20.10 Charleston R. Int. - EE ID e MX buono
5860 20/5 09.15 R. 319 - EE MX buono
6070 19/5 03.50 CFRX - Toronto EE talk suff.
6085 20/5 08.45 R. Mi Amigo Int. - EE ID e MX buono
6115 14/5 22.10 R. Veritas - Manila Cinese talk buono
6150 20/5 08.55 R. Marabu - Tedesco buono
6243 20/5 08.40 R. Waves Int. - EE ID e MX buono
6250 15/5 20.10 Voice of Hope - Seoul Coreano talk buono
6300 19/5 16.10 R. Merlin Int. - EE ID e MX buono
6302 19/5 22.55 R. Abu Dhabi - EE MX buono
6310 19/5 22.50 Harmony R. - EE ID e MX buono
6450 20/5 09.20 R. Ronnie - EE ID e MX suff.
7780 13/5 22.50 WRMI - Miami EE MX buono
9580 13/5 16.00 AWR Asia - Trincomalee EE Wavescan buono
9745 13/5 16.15 R. Bahrein - Manama Arabo MX suff.
11955 20/5 09.00 AWR - Firenze IT Obiettivo DX by Roberto Scaglione buono

Roberto Pavanello
Vercelli / Italia

Studio DX 777 - 20/05/2018

Obiettivo DX 777 - 20/05/18

Agenda DX 20/05/2018

ANNIVERSARIO EMITTENTE
Radio Cacapava, Brasile 1070 Khz (1951)
Radio 4VEH, Haiti 840 Khz (1950)

sabato 19 maggio 2018

SWLDXBulgaria News, May 18-19

FRANCE(non)   Oromo Voice Radio & Voice of Amara Radio via TDF Issoudun on May 19
Oromo Voice Radio
1600-1630 on 17850 ISS 250 kW / 130 deg to EaAf Afan Oromo Mon/Wed/Sat, very good
Voice of Amara Radio
1700-1758 on 15360 ISS 250 kW / 120 deg to EaAf Amharic Sat/Sun/Mon/Wed very good
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/oromo-voice-radio-voice-of-amara-radio_19.html

GERMANY   Weak/fair signal of HCJB Weenermoor on May 19
from 0500 on  5920 WNM 001 kW / 145 deg to SEEu German:
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/weakfair-signal-of-hcjb-weenermoor-on.html

GERMANY   Reception of Evangelische Missions Gemeinden via MBR Nauen, May 19
1030-1100 on  6055 NAU 125 kW / 222 deg to CeEu German Sat/Sun, fair signal:
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/reception-of-evangelische-missions_19.html

GERMANY(non)   Reception of Voice of Oromo Liberation via MBR Nauen on May 18:
1700-1730 on 15420 NAU 100 kW / 144 deg to EaAf Afar Oromo Wed/Fri/Sun, strong
Today BRB Radio Xoriyo Ogaden via MBR Issoudun with dead air:
1600-1630 on 17770 ISS 500 kW / 130 deg to EaAf Somali Mon/Fri
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/reception-of-voice-of-oromo-liberation_19.html

GERMANY(non)   NHK World Japan Network Radio Japan via MBR Issoudun, May 19
0530-0600 on 11730 ISS 500 kW / 190 deg to WCAf French
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/nhk-world-japan-network-radio-japan-via_19.html

GERMANY(non)   Radio Waves International RWI via Channel 292 on May 19
0600-0700 on  6070 ROB 025 kW / non-dir to CeEu English Sat, fair/good
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/reception-of-radio-waves-international.html

GERMANY(non)   Reception of World of Radio via HLR on 6190 CUSB, May 19:
0630-0700 on  6190 GOH 001 kW / 230 deg to CeEu English Sat, poor signal
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/reception-of-world-of-radio-via-hlr-on_19.html

GERMANY(non)   Reception of From the Isle of Music via Channel 292, May 19
1200-1300 on  6070 ROB 025 kW / non-dir to CeEu English/Spanish Sat, weak:
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/reception-of-from-isle-of-music-via.html

GERMANY(non)   Good signal of Deutsche Welle via MBR Issoudun on May 19
till 1400 on 15195 ISS 500 kW / 170 deg to WeAf Hausa, from 1400 DW IS!
Until May 12 15195 ISS 500 kW / 170 deg to WeAf Hausa Sat DW Bundesliga
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/good-signal-of-deutsche-welle-via-mbr.html

GERMANY(non)   Bible Voice Broadcasting via MBR Issoudun on May 19
1430-1500 on 15265 ISS 250 kW / 083 deg to SoAs English Sat, good:
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/reception-of-bible-voice-broadcasting_19.html

MOLDOVA(non)   Trans World Radio Africa via Grigoriopol on May 18
1630-1700 on 11780 KCH 300 kW / 160 deg to EaAf Somali, very good
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/reception-of-trans-world-radio-africa_19.html

NUMBERS STATION   Reception of E11 Oblique in 25 and 19mb, May 19
1300-1303 on 11581 unknown secret tx site to Eu English USB, fair
1345-1348 on 15825*unknown secret tx site to Eu English USB, good
* co-ch same 15825 WCR 100 kW / 046 deg to WeEu English AM WWCR-1
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/reception-of-e11-oblique-in-25-and-19mb.html

ROMANIA(non)   Reception of IRRS Radio City via ROU RadioCom on May 19
0800-0802 on  9510 SAF 100 kW / 300 deg to WeEu open carrier/dead air&
0802-0900 on  9510 SAF 100 kW / 300 deg to WeEu German Sat, very good
0900-0902 on  9510 SAF 100 kW / 300 deg to WeEu NEXUS IRRS SW ID & IS
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/reception-of-irrs-radio-city-via-rou_19.html

RUSSIA   Good signal of GTRK Adygeya/Adygeyan Radio on May 18
1800-1900 on  6000 ARM 100 kW / 188 deg to CeAs Adygeyan Fri:
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/good-signal-of-gtrk-adygeyaadygeyan_19.html

SECRETLAND(non)   The Mighty KBC Radio via SPL Secretbrod, May 19
1500-1600 on  9400 SCB 100 kW / 306 deg to WeEu English Sat, good
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/reception-of-mighty-kbc-radio-via-spl_19.html

SECRETLAND(non)   Missionswerk Friedensstimme via SPL Secretbrod, May 19
1600-1630 on  9680 SCB 100 kW / 030 deg to EaEu Russian Sat, very strong
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/reception-of-missionswerk_19.html

U.K.(non)   Reception of FEBA Radio via BaBcoCk Yerevan on May 18:
1730-1800 on  7510 ERV 300 kW / 192 deg to EaAf Silte, good signal
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/reception-of-feba-radio-via-babcock_19.html

U.K.(non)   Radio Taiwan International via BaBcoCk, Wooferton on  May 18
1900-2000 on  6185 WOF 250 kW / 082 deg to WeEu German, very good signal
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/radio-taiwan-international-via-babcock.html

USA   America's Oldest Commercial SW station WINB testing 15670/9265 kHz in DRM mode:
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/americas-oldest-sw-station-winb-testing.html

VATICAN(non)   Voice of America via SM di Galeria on May 19
0700-0730 on 12070 SMG 250 kW / 184 deg to WCAf Hausa, good
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/reception-of-voice-of-america-via-sm-di_19.html




--

73! Ivo Ivanov
More information on the shortwave listening hobby,
please visit to http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com

QTH-1: Patreshko, Bulgaria
Receiver: Afedri SDR
Software: SDR-Console v2.3(using remote connection)
Antennas: various Inverted V and beverage antennas.

QTH-2: Sofia OK2, Bulgaria
Receiver: Sony ICF-2001D
Antenna: 30 m. long wire

Glenn Hauser logs May 18-19, 2018

** CUBA. 11860, May 18 at 2134, RHC in Spanish, post-Castro president what`s-his-name remarx on plane crash, // 11760, 11840, 12000. Aoki lacks any 11860 entries for RHC! EiBi shows Spanish at 21-23 to Europe, following 1930-2100 French/Portuguese/Arabic. This must really mess up the Saudi/Yemen service. Neither that nor RHC in HFCC so they`re on their own (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 9530, May 19 at 0102, RHC is S9+20 // 11760, ex-9535! A mistake, or QSY? Now it blox any trace of the Progreso 2 x 4765 harmonic, and 4765 music is certainly not // this. That leaves 14295 third harmonic possible (not to be confused with another third harmonicizer, Tajikistan). In the morning, however, RHC still on 9535 at 1350 check May 19 (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 6270, May 19 at 0627, RHC English is JBA on this leapfrog mixing product of 6060 over 6165 another 105 kHz higher. Also a weaker JBA carrier on 6230, which is 6100 over 6165 another 65 kHz higher. Since they exist, altho Arnie will never admit it, I must add them to DX/SWL/MEDIA PROGRAMS schedule after 0500 for DXers Unlimited. 6000 is not involved with these, since it`s from a different site, Quivicán, than 6060/6100/6165, all Bauta, per EiBi (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 13740, May 19 at 1353, S9+30 open carrier except for a swishing sound, instead of RHC Spanish which is supposed to run here until 1400. Rather, that transmitter is off, and the CRI relay transmitter is on early, as ``China Plus Radio`` with ``CRI news`` starts undermodulatedly at 1400, and this time with no overlap. Aoki/NDXC says 13740 CRI at 1400 is Quivicán site, but doesn`t know about RHC until 1400. EiBi says the latter is Bejucal site. Meanwhile, RHC is nominal on 13700 (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** KUWAIT. 17550, May 18 at 2010, very weak Arabic, S0-S1, as R. Kuwait is scheduled at 20-24, and barely propagating (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 13565, May 19 at 1354, K6FRC beacon CW IDs repeating, JBA from Patterson, California. I tune the HIFER band at least once a day, but hearing any of them is a rarity. My last log was March 9 at 1524. LWCA list shows K6FRC on 13565.035 (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 13670, Friday May 18 at 2132, dead air at S9+20, and the SSOB! Too bad there`s no modulation from Greenville for the M-F 2130-2200 VOA Bambara service. Listed GB // is 15120, unheard; 9490 Ascension, 11900 Vatican, unchecked. (RHC also uses 13670 but only at 11-12 per Aoki). (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. WORLD OF RADIO 1930 monitoring: not confirmed Friday May 18 at 2330 on WBCQ, 9330v, as BS still playing at 2334. Since WBCQ won`t tell me what their intention is about this, how much longer need I keep checking for sporadic WOR playbax? 

Not confirmed, Saturday May 19 at 1457 on 6190 HLR via UTwente, nothing audible. But Alan Gale, England, reports:

``Hi Glenn, Mixed conditions again today on 6190, Radio Tropical was weak but audible, but the signal went down again during Media Network. World of Radio started to fade up around 1446 UT and by 1451 the signal was quite good and stayed audible right until the HLR sign off at 1500. There was also a noticeable carrier on the channel earlier, and checking this on USB it should a zero beat at 6191 kHz, so if it comes from a BC station, then it's off frequency. I was able to remove this with a notch filter, though it wasn't noticeable after WoR came up in strength.``  Next:

Sat 1930v  WA0RCR 1860-AM ND [off this week, back May 26]
Sat 2130   WBCQ 9330v to WSW [maybe][or 2330?]
Sat 2300   WRMI 7780 to NE
Sun 0200   WRMI 7780 to NE [canceled?]
Sun 0310v  WA0RCR 1860-AM ND [off this week, back May 27]
Sun 1030   HLR 9485-CUSB to WSW
Sun 1900   WRMI 9395 to NNW
Sun 2330   WBCQ 9330v to WSW [maybe]
Mon 0130.5 WRMI 5850 to NW, 7780 to NE
Mon 0300v  WBCQ 5130v Area 51 to WSW
Mon 0330   WRMI 9955 to SSE
Mon 0400   WRMI webcast only
Mon 2330   WBCQ 9330v to WSW [maybe]
Tue 0030   WRMI 7730 to WNW
Tue 2030   WRMI 7780 to NE, 5950 to WNW [or #1931?]
Tue 2130   WRMI 7780 to NE, 5950 to WNW [or #1931?]

Full schedule for WOR on all outlets, not just SW; podcast linx:
http://www.worldofradio.com/radioskd.html
(Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 7390.04 to 7490.03, UT Sat May 19 at 0001, WBCQ opening `Allan Weiner Worldwide` with ``William Tell Overture``, but soon apparent it`s another oldie playback, in fact the same one heard last night, despite AW claiming to be ``live`` --- should have edited that out; with girlfriend Angela and the WE mic; I thought that was from Feb, but at 0053 recheck he`s referring to Brother Scare having been arrested ``last month``, which was December. Unlike last week, this show is not duplicated on 9330 where BS continues. 5129.8 probably is // but a JBA carrier buried in the summer storm noise level (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 9455, May 18 at 2007, music at VP level, much weaker than S6 9395 WRMI relay of RAE in Italian. At 2135, 9455 is a JBA carrier, still much weaker than 9395 now with S4-S9 of Oldies. At 2325, JBA English talk, gospel huxter? Now I search for possible parallels --- not 9395, not 7780, not 7570=BS, not 9955, not 9475-WTWW, not 6115-WWCR. At 2340 there seem to be two audios on 9455, one of them Brother Scare; 2344, gospel music, no //s. 2348, another fadeup now sounds like Bob Biermann low-key preaching in `Your Weekend Show`, mixing with something else. 2359 no IDs audible. 

Two audios is a symptom of a mixing product, but I cannot figure out any mathematical explanation, by the usual formulas, such as 2B-A, 2A-B, A+B, or B-A, for any combination of WRMI frequencies. I also try my two local overloaders, 1390 and 960, with no fits. If it`s two different transmitter sites, that means the mixture is resulting locally here. But what are the chances of such occurring on a frequency WRMI has just stopped using? Or as I suggested before, remotely possible somepirate is doing this to confuse us.

As of May 19, the WRMI skedgrid claims that not one of the 14 transmitters is on 9455 at any time. I continue to suspect for some reason WRMI is experimenting with an exciter running on 9455, and/or some antenna angle bad for us resulting in such a weak signal. Or it could be something unintentional.. I`ve asked WRMI about it, but no reply yet. Should this go away, that may imply they got the message and fixed it (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 9930, May 18 at 2007, WTWW-2 is on again, gospel/C&W music at S9+50, flanked by the plus/minus 12.9 kHz spur carriers. Perhaps there will be a lot more unusual activity from WTWW during the Xenia Hamvention this weekend? But 2035 and 2130 rechex, 9930`s air is dead (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 6014.5 approx., May 19 at 0629, extremely distorted music and talk in Spanish at S5-S3 – at first I suspect Conciencia, Colombia out of 6010v transmitter as it has done before, but then at 0637 I find a match on 5925.5 at S9, call-in show, stronger than the upper one, so both are squeezed out of the 5970 WEWN transmitter which itself is just barely modulated! 5925.5 demodulates much better, almost quiet, when tuned in FM mode! Way out of whack, plus and minus 44.5 kHz. But by 1345 recheck, 5970 is back in whack with normal amplitude modulation level and no spurs audible (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 15670, May 19 at 1359, no sign of DRM noise, as WINB is supposed to be testing at 11-17 UT with 15 kW. Ooops, this is Saturday and it`s Monday-Friday only per this from Hans Johnson via Alokesh Gupta: 

``A new ASI transmitter, a CE-50000WS, is on the following test schedule: Monday-Friday 1100-1700 UT on 15670 kHz. The transmitter is rated at 15 kW and is using a rhombic antenna at 62 degrees. At times when the ASI transmitter is not being tested, WINB will be testing in DRM via its existing Continental 417B transmitter on 9265 kHz via a rhombic antenna beamed 242 degrees. Programming is from WINB's Internet audio stream and is in English and Spanish``.

On the WOR io group, Tim Gaynor in Australia wondered, ``Any ideas on what bitrate they will be using? A common problem with other DRM transmissions is they use a too high bitrate which makes DXing DRM difficult``

Alokesh replied with a screenshot, which Alexander Busneag, Germany interprets: ``8.28 kbps --- seems good. But wait: It's MSC 64-QAM, and only 5 kHz wide - so it has the same robustness like a 10 kHz wide DRM transmission with 17.5 kbps! Visit page 21 of the "DRM Handbook 2018":
http://www.drm.org/DRM_Handbook_2018.pdf
for more information on DRM system bitrates``.

15670 is in fact registered those hours in HFCC, but as 50 kW in D = NOT DRM, rather regular analog. It will be interesting to observe how the wobbly old 9265 transmitter handle DRM! A third WINB on the books is 7325 at 07-09 M-F, 50 kW analog at 62 degrees.

Stephen Luce, Houston TX, asks, ``What is an "ASI" transmitter?  Nothing about that and the "CE-50000WS" on a quick Google search.  What company is this?`` (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

This report dispatched at 1717 UT May 19

W4HM Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast 2018-138

Greetings to my fellow hamateur radio and SWL radio enthusiasts around the
world.

Welcome to my “not for profit” daily W4HM Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation
Forecast.

It’s the only daily global HF radio wave propagation forecast produced on
the planet.

I'm a retired heliophysicist, terrestrial meteorologist/climatologist and
one of the few on the planet with advanced education and forecast
experience in both disciplines. In terrestrial weather forecasting I
have 45 years of experience and in solar, space and geomagnetic weather
forecasting 34 years.

Created and disseminated by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM in Lakeland, FL, USA ©
1988-2018.

If you find this daily HF radio wave propagation forecast useful to your
hamateur and SWL radio activities, feel free to drop me a line and let me
know that at

thomasfgiella@gmail.com

I enjoy hearing from likeminded fellow radio enthusiasts.

Hams and SWLs that are interested in solar, space & geomagnetic weather as
well as radio wave propagation are a special group of people interested in
broadening their knowledge in science.

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily HF radio wave
propagation forecast, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and
give me credit for it.

Supporting images associated with this daily HF radio wave propagation
forecast can be found in my Facebook account at

https://www.facebook.com/thomasfranklingiellaw4hm

and in my Twitter account at

https://twitter.com/GiellaW4hm

Last but not least here is my new HF radio wave propagation web page where
you can sign up to receive this daily HF radio wave propagation forecast via
email. https://groups.io/g/w4hmradiowavepropagationforecast


but without supporting images.

It's a NO SPAM voluntary "opt" in email type group hosted by Groups.io, so
you have to sign up by using an existing email address and creating a
password.

W4HM Solar Cycle 25 Forecast- Short and to the point.

Solar minimum may begin later this year and may last longer than any
previous solar cycle in the 20th century. When solar cycle 25 finally gets
underway it could be the weakest since the middle of the 19th century.
Another Dalton type lesser grand solar minimum may occur with a
corresponding cooling of earth’s climate. This would negate anthropogenic
climate change if it were occurring which it isn’t.

On February 1, 2008 I forecasted that solar cycle 24 would be the smallest
solar cycle in the past 100 years. That forecast verified. I also forecasted
that solar cycle 25 would be almost non nonexistent.


#138 Issued Saturday May 19, 2018 at 1445 UTC

Important Solar, Space & Geomagnetic Weather Indices-

The daily solar flux index numbers (DSFI) were 68.9 69.4 68.7

There had been 3 days with a 2000 UTC daily solar flux index number (DSFI)
of lower than 70.

The official daily sunspot number (DSSN) was 0.

There had been 5 days in a row with a daily sunspot number (DSSN) of 0.

In 2018 there had been 78 days with an official daily sunspot number (DSSN)
of 0.

The 24 hour period 3 hour interval planetary K index (Kp) had been at a
quiet geomagnetic condition of 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1.

The 24 hour period maximum and minimum solar wind speed ranged between 430 &
350 km/s.

Global Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast-

HF radio wave propagation condition “trend” May 19, 2018- steady.

HF radio wave propagation condition “trend” May 20, 2018- steady.

HF radio wave propagation condition “trend” May 21, 2018- steady.

Northern Hemisphere Radio Wave Propagation Forecast g-

3150-3400, 3500-4100, 4750-5050, 5700-6300 kHz- S9 +1 to 9 at night and S1-3
at day,

6900-7800, 9200-9995, 10000-10150, 11500-12200 kHz- S9+ 1 to 9 at night and
S4-7 at day,

13570-13850, 14000-14350, 15005-15900, 17450-17950, 18068-18168 kHz- S1-3 at
night and S8-9 at day,

21000-21850 kHz- S0 at night and S4-7 at day,

24890-24990, 25600-26100 kHz- S0 at night and S1-3 at day,

28000-29700 kHz- S0 at night and S0-1 at day.

We are now moving into the summer/winter solstice type of HF radio wave
propagation conditions. Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are
most unbalanced across the equator during this time period.

During the northern hemisphere summer season the 14000- 30000 kHz frequency
range closes later due to more sun light illuminating the ionosphere than in
the southern hemisphere. But the maximum usable frequency (MUF) is lower
than in the southern hemisphere as heating in the F2 layer of the ionosphere
is higher and the layer less concentrated.

Almost daily during the northern hemisphere summer season you will find that
the 25600- 26100 kHz and 28000-30000 kHz frequency ranges will open via
short north-south and east-west propagation paths via sporadic E (Es). Also
when multiple sporadic E (Es) clouds form and line up favorably much longer
propagation paths open up on east-west paths. And last but not least
north-south propagation paths occur across the equator via trans equatorial
propagation (TEP).

Southern Hemisphere Radio Wave Propagation Forecast g-

3150-3400, 3500-4100, 4750-5050, 5700-6300 kHz- S9+10 at night and S4-7 at
day,

6900-7800, 9200-9995, 10000-10150, 11500-12200 kHz- S9+5 at night and S5-8
at day,

13570-13850, 14000-14350, 15005-15900, 17450-17950, 18068-18168 kHz- S1-3 at
night and S9+1 at day,

21000-21850 kHz- S0 at night and S5-8 at day,

24890-24990, 25600-26100 kHz- S0 at night and S1-3 at day,

28000-29700 kHz- S0 at night and S1 at day.

We are now moving into the summer/winter solstice type of HF radio wave
propagation conditions. Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are
most unbalanced across the equator during this time period.

During the southern hemisphere winter season the 14000- 30000 kHz frequency
range closes sooner due to less sun light illuminating the ionosphere than
in the northern hemisphere. But the maximum usable frequency (MUF) is higher
than in the northern hemisphere as the F2 layer of the ionosphere is lower
in height and more concentrated.

This HF Radio wave propagation forecast is produced based on the SIGINT_CAP
HF radio wave propagation prediction software. I wrote it beginning in the
late 1980’s but I’m sorry to say that it can’t be distributed to the general
public. It does outperform VOA CAP.

And though this HF radio wave propagation forecast is produced based on the
SIGINT_CAP software, I do check the actual band conditions at my location in
the USA and tweak the forecast manually where and when necessary.

I also check global HF radio wave propagation conditions via remoted radio
receivers on every continent of the globe and tweak the forecast manually if
and when necessary.

And last but not least I look at ionsonde stations on every continent of the
globe.

The hamateur radio JT65A mode RF signal levels received are based on 5 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio PSK31 mode RF signal levels received are based on 25
watts and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio CW mode RF signal levels received are based on 50 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio SSB RF mode signal levels received are based on 100 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The HF shortwave broadcast band AM Mode RF signal levels are based on
100,000 watts (100 kw) and a typical high gain VOA type curtain array
antenna.

Please keep in mind that this is a relatively simplified HF radio wave
propagation forecast, so as to keep it easily understandable and applicable
by the average radio enthusiast.

Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are most evenly balanced
during the fall and spring equinoxes and most diametrically opposed during
the summer and winter solstices.

Conditions change daily, weekly, monthly, yearly and by decade, as the
sun rises and sets at different times and at different angles from the
ecliptic, as well as by radio wave frequency. This is due to changes in the
maximum usable frequency (MUF), lowest usable frequency (LUF) and F layer
critical frequency (FoF2). Also by propagation path.

The D and E layers also come into play through RF radio wave signal
absorption and refraction. And then there is sporadic E (Es) radio wave
propagation that can really throw a wrench into the gears so to speak.

Things like sporadic E (Es) radio wave propagation and lightning storm
static can impact HF radio wave propagation in an unpredictable manner and
mostly bad.

Ongoing solar, space and geomagnetic weather goings on also impact HF radio
wave propagation conditions in a negative manner.

Lower high frequency (80-30 meters) propagation conditions are impacted in a
negative manner not so much by variations in the maximum usable frequency
(MUF) along a particular propagation path and time but rather due to
geomagnetic elevated geomagnetic conditions (Kp-3-4), storms (Kp-5 &
greater) that increase signal absorption via the E layer (the altitude of
the radio aurora). Also increases in the lowest usable frequency (LUF) via D
layer RF signal absorption due to hard x-rays, galactic cosmic waves,
elevated background solar flux levels greater than B0 and energetic proton
flux levels at energies greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

Higher frequency (20-10 meters) propagation conditions are impacted in a
negative manner by variations in the maximum usable frequency (MUF) along a
particular propagation path and time due to the current sunspot number and
also due to elevated geomagnetic conditions (Kp-3-4), storms of Kp-5 &
greater. Also D layer RF signal absorption due to elevated (greater than B0)
background solar flux levels. Also to a lesser extent elevated proton flux
at energies greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

GENERAL GUIDELINES CONCERNING CORRELATION OF PROPAGATION INDICES TO ACTUAL
HF PROPAGATION CONDITIONS-

NOTE!!! The propagation indices "interpretations" are my personal
intellectual property. Therefore the radio wave propagation indices
interpretations contained herein is copyrighted © 1988-2018 by Thomas F.
Giella, W4HM, all rights reserved. Reproduction of information herein is
allowed without permission in advance as long as proper credit is given.

All 14 of the following indices have to occur as described below in order to
see the best global high frequency radio wave propagation possible,
something that happens rarely.

1.) Dropping geomagnetic field indices numbers are better, Kp of 0 best.

2.) A daily sunspot number of 150 or higher, 200 or higher best.

3.) A daily sunspot number of greater than 100 for routine stable formation
of the E Valley/F Layer ducting mechanism.

4.) Previous 24 hour Ap index under 10, fewer than 7 for several days
consecutively are best.

5.) Previous 3 hours Kp index fewer than 3 for mid latitude paths, fewer
than 2 for high latitude paths, 0 for several days consecutively is best.

6.) Energetic protons no greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

7.) Background x-ray flux levels greater than B1 for several days
consecutively, greater than C1 best.

8.) No current STRATWARM alert.

9.) Interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) Bz with a (positive number) sign,
indicates a lesser chance of high latitude path aurora
absorption/unpredictable refraction or scattering of medium frequency RF
signals, when the Kp is above 3.

10.) A -10 or better towards a positive number Dst index during the recovery
time after a geomagnetic storm, as related to the equatorial ring current. A
positive number is best.

Standard Disclaimer-

Note! I use error prone RAW public domain data from the NOAA Space
Environment Center, other U.S. government entities and educational
institutions, to produce this daily HF radio wave propagation
forecast. This data is gathered and made public by the U.S. Government using
taxpayer $$$ (including mine).

However this daily HF propagation forecast that I produce from the RAW
public domain data is my personal intellectual property. Therefore this
daily HF radio wave propagation forecast contained herein is copyrighted ©
1988-2018 by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM.

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily HF radio wave
propagation forecast, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and
give me credit for it.

Also HF radio wave propagation forecasting is still an inexact
science and therefore also an art. The forecasts are not official but for
educational and hobby related purposes only and are subject to human error
and acts of God, therefore no guarantee or warranty implied.

Media & Tech - 19/05/2018

Media & Tech L'Approfondimento - 19/05/2018

Absolute Radio MW closures

Absolute Radio's 1233 transmitter in Swindon has now been switched off, first noted it had gone off a couple of days ago. The Guildford (Pirbright) transmitter on 1260 kHz seems to have been switched off today. This frequency was active this morning but is now silent. (via bdxc groups.io)

WINB Testing in DRM mode

America's Oldest Commercial Shortwave Station Testing in DRM

WINB, America's oldest commercial shortwave station, is testing in DRM via two transmitters. The test transmissions are directed to both parts of Europe and North America.

A new ASI transmitter, a CE-50000WS, is on the following test schedule: Monday-Friday 1100-1700 UT on 15670 kHz. The transmitter is rated at 15 kW and is using a rhombic antenna at 62 degrees.

At times when the ASI transmitter is not being tested, WINB will be testing in DRM via its existing Continental 417B transmitter on 9265 kHz via a rhombic antenna beamed 242 degrees.

Programming is from WINB's Internet audio stream and is in English and Spanish. WINB is America's oldest commercial shortwave station, having come on the air in 1962. The station is located in Red Lion, Pennsylvania, USA (via Hans Johnson, WINB Sales Manager, winb.com winb40th@yahoo.com via Alokesh Gupta, May 18, cumbredx yg via DXLD)

Agenda DX 19/05/2018

ANNIVERSARIO EMITTENTE
Radio Brescia, Italia FM (1975)
Plymounth Sound, Gran Bretagna 1161 Khz (1975)
WFAN, New York 660 Khz (1922)

venerdì 18 maggio 2018

Glenn Hauser logs May 17-18, 2018

** NORTH AMERICA. 7470, May 18 at 0200, no signal yet from Station YHWH, anti-Jesus, pro-Yahweh pirate. Recheck at 0520, there he is, S9-S7 including the storm noise level. Rich Ray, IL, had reported May 17: ``The last 4 broadcasts have all started at 0158z and off at 0420z``.

These logs the same day say he did not come up until *0302:
https://www.hfunderground.com/board/index.php/topic,42640.0.html
including this comment from ``The Relay Station``

``I can imagine this guy inside an RV motor home someplace at a campground, sitting down and talking into a desktop amateur radio microphone with a subtle light overhead because it sure sounds that way - almost similar to the scene in the movie "2012"

0506Z - talking about Jewish people and Christian people
0508Z - "perpetual war for perpetual peace"
0511Z - "hybrid man-God"
0515Z - "obey YaWeh, paradise will be restored"
0520Z - cant listen to this anymore, off to bed :D``

As for location, Ron Howard, Monterey CA, says in the WOR iog, ``After he received his citation from FCC, while in southern California, I heard he moved out of state, but on May 5, while listening to a live segment of YHWH, he said he was "8,000 feet up in the Sierras" 
http://goo.gl/usWXx6 
Just a few nights ago he again said he was "in California" and gave the local "California" time here. Recently his reception has been so good (very readable) here on the coast, that I think it probably is true`` (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** ROMANIA. 7395, May 18 at 0002, Romanian very poor here, but in the clear, RRI having moved out from under the Cuban radio war on 7335, for the two-hour broadcast to North America (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A [and non]. WORLD OF RADIO 1930 monitoring: not confirmed Thursday May 17 at 2330 on WBCQ 9330v: TOMBS continues. Next:
Fri 2330   WBCQ 9330v to WSW [maybe]
Sat 0629   HLR 6190-CUSB to WSW
Sat 1431   HLR 6190-CUSB to WSW
Sat 1930v  WA0RCR 1860-AM ND [off this week, back May 26]
Sat 2130   WBCQ 9330v to WSW [maybe][or 2330?]
Sat 2300   WRMI 7780 to NE
Sun 0200   WRMI 7780 to NE [canceled?]
Sun 0310v  WA0RCR 1860-AM ND [off this week, back May 27]
Sun 1030   HLR 9485-CUSB to WSW
Sun 1900   WRMI 9395 to NNW
Sun 2330   WBCQ 9330v to WSW [maybe]
Mon 0130.5 WRMI 5850 to NW, 7780 to NE
Mon 0300v  WBCQ 5130v Area 51 to WSW
Mon 0330   WRMI 9955 to SSE
Mon 0400   WRMI webcast only
Mon 2330   WBCQ 9330v to WSW [maybe]
Tue 0030   WRMI 7730 to WNW
Tue 2030   WRMI 7780 to NE, 5950 to WNW [or #1931?]
Tue 2130   WRMI 7780 to NE, 5950 to WNW [or #1931?]

Full schedule for WOR on all outlets, not just SW; podcast linx:
http://www.worldofradio.com/radioskd.html
(Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 9455, May 17 at 2322, that didn`t take long, WRMI reactivating this frequency, but very weak S4-S6 in storm noise level. At first I think it`s TOMBS // much stronger 7570, but soon not // with music, which I conclude is the Oldies stream. Different programming is on 9395 // 7780. 

9455 had been replaced by 5950 as of May 14, moving everything 24 hours down two bands, despite summer propagation conditions. 5950 is still on, with different talk at first check 2322. By 2358, 9455 again sounds more like Brother Scare; maybe they are switching Systems around experimentally? Further chex:

9455, May 18 at 0118, now sounds like Oldies, with Beatles, etc., still past 0202 with no top-of-hour break. Still heard past 0300, but not at 0500. This is extremely weak, compared to 9395. Cannot any longer be at full power and/or on the 285 degree beam as previously; compared to 355 on 9395, and we are between them, closer to 285 than 355, with usually comparable signal levels. 

Further chex of 9455 are certainly called for. The current WRMI skedgrid does not show any broadcasts on 9455, but they have plenty of spare transmitters and antennas. 

Another remote possibility, some otherstation, or a pirate, decided to glom onto WRMI`s ex-frequency? So far unable to catch any definite ID, so buried in storm noise level from SW Oklahoma. (The frequent Maystorms keep missing Enid, little precip here which we need, but not tornado threats!)

The only known users of 9455 per NDXC/Aoki are: 1315-1345 Bangladesh in Nepali; 1330-1357 Furusato no Kaze in Japanese via Taiwan; 1500-1557 CRI in Chinese via Kunming. EiBi lacks Taiwan, but still shows all the WRMI ex-programming. HFCC lacks Bangladesh but adds Saudi in Arabic at 06-09, probably imaginary (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 7490, UT Friday May 18 at 0002, WBCQ with ``William Tell Overture``, so an `Allan Weiner Worldwide` playback is starting. Soon it`s obviously an oldie, Angela referred to merely as girlfriend on an antique Western Electric mic, and opening remarks about Parkland mass-shooting, which must have just happened. 

BTW, the benefactor for the superpower 9330 setup has come out, per Don Hosmer on the WOR iog: ``The mystery of who is financing WBCQ's multi-million $$$ expansion due on the air this fall may be solved. I am at the NASB conference in Elkhart IN and learned that an obscure religious group is behind the fancy new high-powered xmtr and super expensive rotatable antenna. On the web, go to: http://www.worldslastchance.com  
After you bring up their home page, click the "WLC Radio" in the upper right corner. You'll hear audio of an English accented lass ID as WBCQ and introduce the new WLC broadcasts. Their schedule on the website matches the one listed a week ago on WOR. I don't know much about this organization, but from their website they appear to be end-time believers and also believe in the so-called flat earth theory. This could be a hoax, but if it is, it's very elaborate``.

Kai Ludwig replied on the WOR iog: ``This could be a hoax, but if it is --- then it is one spread by Allan Weiner himself, since he, according to:
https://swling.com/blog/2018/05/wbcq-reveals-organization-behind-their-new-500-kw-transmitter/
released this information in his radio show.

What I like in particular are the beamer maps, centered on the North Pole, with inscriptions citing completely differing degree numbers as a matter of course. As one comment from Germany said: This is more ridiculous than one could ever think up.

Concerning the question who they are: They have broken away from the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Anything else is, it seems, kept as a secret, including the main question: The source of all the money they burn up.

My concern here is that such things could considerably accelerate the decline of shortwave broadcasting, because they make a complete mockery of the distribution platform --- Kai`` (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 5970, May 18 at 0141, WEWN Spanish is back on air after missing last night; vs heavy storm noise level (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 15825, May 18 at 1401, WWCR is S9+30 with HF sporadic E boost, and modulation somewhat distorted as usual on this frequency (but not noticed on lower WWCR-1 channels elsewhen). 6m Es map shows lots of activity across the US, but not much into VHF yet (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 1370, May 18 at 1202 UT, adstring, and then station promos for ``Talk 13-70`` and talk1370.com, never any local references, but that leads to Austin TX, officially KJCE Rollingwood, 5/0.5 kW U4 rather than slogan merely as ``Talk Radio`` in NRC AM Log. The true call letters are nowhere to be seen on the homepage, but some hits by searching further, including this helpful:
http://www.talk1370.com/improving-am-signal-reception
which also tries to lead listeners to an HD2 FM simulcast

Why am I hearing this instead of 5 kW ND KGNO 1370 in much closer Dodge City KS? Because it`s gone, or maybe QRP. KJCE pattern does push broadly northward, not southward.

Then to `America`s First News` (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

UNIDENTIFIED. 6925-6945 approx., May 18 at 0146, DRM-like noise centered about 6935, but twice the usual bandwidth. A piratical experiment? (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

UNIDENTIFIED. 15449, May 18 at 1404, big S9+10 burbling carrier when tuned in AM mode, but silent in FM mode. During next hour drifts down to 15447/15446. I can`t trace it to any local device, and still hear it when walking around the block on the PL-880 (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

This report despatched at 1833 UT May 18

Media & Tech - 18/05/2018

W4HM Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast #2018-137

Greetings to my fellow hamateur radio and SWL radio enthusiasts around the
world.

Welcome to my “not for profit” daily W4HM Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation
Forecast.

It’s the only daily global HF radio wave propagation forecast produced on
the planet.

I'm a retired heliophysicist, terrestrial meteorologist/climatologist and
one of the few on the planet with advanced education and forecast
experience in both disciplines. In terrestrial weather forecasting I
have 45 years of experience and in solar, space and geomagnetic weather
forecasting 34 years.

Created and disseminated by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM in Lakeland, FL, USA ©
1988-2018.

If you find this daily HF radio wave propagation forecast useful to your
hamateur and SWL radio activities, feel free to drop me a line and let me
know that at

thomasfgiella@gmail.com

I enjoy hearing from likeminded fellow radio enthusiasts.

Hams and SWLs that are interested in solar, space & geomagnetic weather as
well as radio wave propagation are a special group of people interested in
broadening their knowledge in science.

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily HF radio wave
propagation forecast, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and
give me credit for it.

Supporting images associated with this daily HF radio wave propagation
forecast can be found in my Facebook account at

https://www.facebook.com/thomasfranklingiellaw4hm

and in my Twitter account at

https://twitter.com/GiellaW4hm

Last but not least here is my new HF radio wave propagation web page where
you can sign up to receive this daily HF radio wave propagation forecast via
email. https://groups.io/g/w4hmradiowavepropagationforecast


but without supporting images.

It's a NO SPAM voluntary "opt" in email type group hosted by Groups.io, so
you have to sign up by using an existing email address and creating a
password.

W4HM Solar Cycle 25 Forecast- Short and to the point.

Solar minimum may begin later this year and may last longer than any
previous solar cycle in the 20th century. When solar cycle 25 finally gets
underway it could be the weakest since the middle of the 19th century.
Another Dalton type lesser grand solar minimum may occur with a
corresponding cooling of earth’s climate. This would negate anthropogenic
climate change if it were occurring which it isn’t.

On February 1, 2008 I forecasted that solar cycle 24 would be the smallest
solar cycle in the past 100 years. That forecast verified. I also forecasted
that solar cycle 25 would be almost non nonexistent.


#137 Issued Friday May 18, 2018 at 1530 UTC

Important Solar, Space & Geomagnetic Weather Indices-

The daily solar flux index numbers (DSFI) were 69.2 69.0 71.0

There had been 2 days with a 2000 UTC daily solar flux index number (DSFI)
of lower than 70.

The official daily sunspot number (DSSN) was 0.

There had been 4 days in a row with a daily sunspot number (DSSN) of 0.

In 2018 there had been 77 days with an official daily sunspot number (DSSN)
of 0.

The 24 hour period 3 hour interval planetary K index (Kp) had been at an
unsettled to quiet geomagnetic condition of 3 2 2 3 3 2 2 2.

The 24 hour period maximum and minimum solar wind speed ranged between 467 &
400 km/s.

Global Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast-

HF radio wave propagation condition “trend” May 18, 2018- deteriorating.

HF radio wave propagation condition “trend” May 19, 2018- steady.

HF radio wave propagation condition “trend” May 20, 2018- improving.

Northern Hemisphere Radio Wave Propagation Forecast g-

3150-3400, 3500-4100, 4750-5050, 5700-6300 kHz- S9 +1 to 9 at night and S1-3
at day,

6900-7800, 9200-9995, 10000-10150, 11500-12200 kHz- S9+ 1 to 9 at night and
S4-7 at day,

13570-13850, 14000-14350, 15005-15900, 17450-17950, 18068-18168 kHz- S1-3 at
night and S8-9 at day,

21000-21850 kHz- S0 at night and S4-7 at day,

24890-24990, 25600-26100 kHz- S0 at night and S1-3 at day,

28000-29700 kHz- S0 at night and S0-1 at day.

We are now moving into the summer/winter solstice type of HF radio wave
propagation conditions. Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are
most unbalanced across the equator during this time period.

During the northern hemisphere summer season the 14000- 30000 kHz frequency
range closes later due to more sun light illuminating the ionosphere than in
the southern hemisphere. But the maximum usable frequency (MUF) is lower
than in the southern hemisphere as heating in the F2 layer of the ionosphere
is higher and the layer less concentrated.

Almost daily during the northern hemisphere summer season you will find that
the 25600- 26100 kHz and 28000-30000 kHz frequency ranges will open via
short north-south and east-west propagation paths via sporadic E (Es). Also
when multiple sporadic E (Es) clouds form and line up favorably much longer
propagation paths open up on east-west paths. And last but not least
north-south propagation paths occur across the equator via trans equatorial
propagation (TEP).

Southern Hemisphere Radio Wave Propagation Forecast g-

3150-3400, 3500-4100, 4750-5050, 5700-6300 kHz- S9+10 at night and S4-7 at
day,

6900-7800, 9200-9995, 10000-10150, 11500-12200 kHz- S9+5 at night and S5-8
at day,

13570-13850, 14000-14350, 15005-15900, 17450-17950, 18068-18168 kHz- S1-3 at
night and S9+1 at day,

21000-21850 kHz- S0 at night and S5-8 at day,

24890-24990, 25600-26100 kHz- S0 at night and S1-3 at day,

28000-29700 kHz- S0 at night and S1 at day.

We are now moving into the summer/winter solstice type of HF radio wave
propagation conditions. Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are
most unbalanced across the equator during this time period.

During the southern hemisphere winter season the 14000- 30000 kHz frequency
range closes sooner due to less sun light illuminating the ionosphere than
in the northern hemisphere. But the maximum usable frequency (MUF) is higher
than in the northern hemisphere as the F2 layer of the ionosphere is lower
in height and more concentrated.

This HF Radio wave propagation forecast is produced based on the SIGINT_CAP
HF radio wave propagation prediction software. I wrote it beginning in the
late 1980’s but I’m sorry to say that it can’t be distributed to the general
public. It does outperform VOA CAP.

And though this HF radio wave propagation forecast is produced based on the
SIGINT_CAP software, I do check the actual band conditions at my location in
the USA and tweak the forecast manually where and when necessary.

I also check global HF radio wave propagation conditions via remoted radio
receivers on every continent of the globe and tweak the forecast manually if
and when necessary.

And last but not least I look at ionsonde stations on every continent of the
globe.

The hamateur radio JT65A mode RF signal levels received are based on 5 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio PSK31 mode RF signal levels received are based on 25
watts and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio CW mode RF signal levels received are based on 50 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio SSB RF mode signal levels received are based on 100 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The HF shortwave broadcast band AM Mode RF signal levels are based on
100,000 watts (100 kw) and a typical high gain VOA type curtain array
antenna.

Please keep in mind that this is a relatively simplified HF radio wave
propagation forecast, so as to keep it easily understandable and applicable
by the average radio enthusiast.

Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are most evenly balanced
during the fall and spring equinoxes and most diametrically opposed during
the summer and winter solstices.

Conditions change daily, weekly, monthly, yearly and by decade, as the
sun rises and sets at different times and at different angles from the
ecliptic, as well as by radio wave frequency. This is due to changes in the
maximum usable frequency (MUF), lowest usable frequency (LUF) and F layer
critical frequency (FoF2). Also by propagation path.

The D and E layers also come into play through RF radio wave signal
absorption and refraction. And then there is sporadic E (Es) radio wave
propagation that can really throw a wrench into the gears so to speak.

Things like sporadic E (Es) radio wave propagation and lightning storm
static can impact HF radio wave propagation in an unpredictable manner and
mostly bad.

Ongoing solar, space and geomagnetic weather goings on also impact HF radio
wave propagation conditions in a negative manner.

Lower high frequency (80-30 meters) propagation conditions are impacted in a
negative manner not so much by variations in the maximum usable frequency
(MUF) along a particular propagation path and time but rather due to
geomagnetic elevated geomagnetic conditions (Kp-3-4), storms (Kp-5 &
greater) that increase signal absorption via the E layer (the altitude of
the radio aurora). Also increases in the lowest usable frequency (LUF) via D
layer RF signal absorption due to hard x-rays, galactic cosmic waves,
elevated background solar flux levels greater than B0 and energetic proton
flux levels at energies greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

Higher frequency (20-10 meters) propagation conditions are impacted in a
negative manner by variations in the maximum usable frequency (MUF) along a
particular propagation path and time due to the current sunspot number and
also due to elevated geomagnetic conditions (Kp-3-4), storms of Kp-5 &
greater. Also D layer RF signal absorption due to elevated (greater than B0)
background solar flux levels. Also to a lesser extent elevated proton flux
at energies greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

GENERAL GUIDELINES CONCERNING CORRELATION OF PROPAGATION INDICES TO ACTUAL
HF PROPAGATION CONDITIONS-

NOTE!!! The propagation indices "interpretations" are my personal
intellectual property. Therefore the radio wave propagation indices
interpretations contained herein is copyrighted © 1988-2018 by Thomas F.
Giella, W4HM, all rights reserved. Reproduction of information herein is
allowed without permission in advance as long as proper credit is given.

All 14 of the following indices have to occur as described below in order to
see the best global high frequency radio wave propagation possible,
something that happens rarely.

1.) Dropping geomagnetic field indices numbers are better, Kp of 0 best.

2.) A daily sunspot number of 150 or higher, 200 or higher best.

3.) A daily sunspot number of greater than 100 for routine stable formation
of the E Valley/F Layer ducting mechanism.

4.) Previous 24 hour Ap index under 10, fewer than 7 for several days
consecutively are best.

5.) Previous 3 hours Kp index fewer than 3 for mid latitude paths, fewer
than 2 for high latitude paths, 0 for several days consecutively is best.

6.) Energetic protons no greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

7.) Background x-ray flux levels greater than B1 for several days
consecutively, greater than C1 best.

8.) No current STRATWARM alert.

9.) Interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) Bz with a (positive number) sign,
indicates a lesser chance of high latitude path aurora
absorption/unpredictable refraction or scattering of medium frequency RF
signals, when the Kp is above 3.

10.) A -10 or better towards a positive number Dst index during the recovery
time after a geomagnetic storm, as related to the equatorial ring current. A
positive number is best.

Standard Disclaimer-

Note! I use error prone RAW public domain data from the NOAA Space
Environment Center, other U.S. government entities and educational
institutions, to produce this daily HF radio wave propagation
forecast. This data is gathered and made public by the U.S. Government using
taxpayer $$$ (including mine).

However this daily HF propagation forecast that I produce from the RAW
public domain data is my personal intellectual property. Therefore this
daily HF radio wave propagation forecast contained herein is copyrighted ©
1988-2018 by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM.

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily HF radio wave
propagation forecast, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and
give me credit for it.

Also HF radio wave propagation forecasting is still an inexact
science and therefore also an art. The forecasts are not official but for
educational and hobby related purposes only and are subject to human error
and acts of God, therefore no guarantee or warranty implied.

SWLDXBulgaria News, May 17-18

ESWATINI   Good signal of Trans World Radio Africa, May 17
1905-1935 on  9940 MAN 100 kW / 343 deg to CeAf Lingala
1935-1950 on  9940 MAN 100 kW / 343 deg to CeAf French
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/good-signal-of-trans-world-radio-africa.html

GREECE   Reception of Voice of Greece on 9420 kHz on May 17
from 2200 on  9420 AVL 150 kW / 323 deg to WeEu Greek tx#03
Same time on  9935 AVL 100 kW / 285 deg via tx#1, no signal
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/good-signal-of-voice-of-greece-on-9420_18.html

KURDISTAN(non)   Updated schedule of Dengê Welat via Issoudun/Grigoriopol, May 17
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/updated-schedule-of-denge-welat-via.html

NUMBERS STATION   S06s Russian Lady in "the heart" of 31mb on May 18
0940-0946 on  9655 unknown secret tx site to Eu Russian USB+AM, good
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/reception-of-s06s-russian-lady-in-heart.html

OMAN   Radio Sultanate of Oman with Music, no news in English on May 18
from 1400 on 15140 THU 100 kW / 315 deg to WeEu Music, fair/good signal
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/radio-sultanate-of-oman-with-music-no.html

SECRETLAND(non)   Brother Stair & Dimtse Radio Erena via SPL Secretbrod, May 17
1500-1655 on 11600 SCB 100 kW / 126 deg to N/ME English Brother HySTAIRical TOM
1700-1800 on  9720 SCB 050 kW / 195 deg to EaAf Tigrinya/Arabic Dimtse R.Erena:
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/reception-of-brother-stair-dimtse-radio.html

TAJIKISTAN(non)    Frequency change of Voice of Tibet on May 18:
1305-1335 NF  9893 DB  100 kW / 131 deg to CeAs Tibetan, ex 9892
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com/2018/05/frequency-change-of-voice-of-tibet-may.html

TAJIKISTAN(non)   Another new frequency of Voice of Tibet, May 18
1335-1400 NF  9887*DB  100 kW / 131 deg to CeAs Tibetan, ex 9897 & plus QRM
same time on  9885 DB  100 kW / 071 deg to NEAs Korean National Unity Radio
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/another-new-frequency-of-voice-of-tibet.html

U.K.(non)   Akhbar Mufriha via BaBcoCk Woofferton/Ascension, May 17
2100-2115 on  7300 WOF 250 kW / 170 deg to NoAf Tachelhit
2115-2145 on  7300 WOF 250 kW / 170 deg to NoAf Arabic
2145-2215 on  9530 ASC 125 kW / 027 deg to WeAf Hassinya Thu-Tue
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/radio-akhbar-mufriha-via-babcock_18.html

U.K.(non)   Trans World Radio Africa via BaBcoCk Al-Dhabayya on May 18:
1300-1315 on 17680 DHA 250 kW / 230 deg to EaAf Afar Thu-Sun, weak/fair
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/trans-world-radio-africa-via-babcock-al.html

USA   Reception of World Harvest Radio Inter. WHRI Angel 2 again in French on May 18
0500-0515 on  9825 HRI 250 kW / 047 deg to WeEu French Fri-La Voix Des Eaux Vivantes
0515-0600 on  9825 HRI 250 kW / 047 deg to WeEu Music/English Fri, very good signal:
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/whri-angel-2-was-back-on-air-with.html


--

73! Ivo Ivanov
More information on the shortwave listening hobby,
please visit to http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com

QTH-1: Patreshko, Bulgaria
Receiver: Afedri SDR
Software: SDR-Console v2.3(using remote connection)
Antennas: various Inverted V and beverage antennas.

QTH-2: Sofia OK2, Bulgaria
Receiver: Sony ICF-2001D
Antenna: 30 m. long wire

Propagation News – 20 May 2018

Last week continued with zero sunspots after the 13th and a solar flux index of around 70. NOAA had forecast poorer geomagnetic conditions from Thursday, the 17th. The solar wind speed, as measured at the ACE spacecraft, did increase on Thursday morning but the K-index hadn’t got above three by Thursday afternoon.


Overall, HF conditions were average with daytime critical frequencies tending to be in the range 4 to 5MHz. This translates to an F-layer maximum usable frequency over a 3,000km path of about 15-17MHz. This means that the most reliable daytime DX band remains 20 metres, 14MHz.
As we move towards more summer-like ionospheric conditions the higher HF bands are remaining open later. The 30 and sometimes even 20 metre bands are staying open longer after sunset, although 20m is still closing by late evening.


Sporadic E is still bringing some interest to the upper HF bands, particularly 10 metres, but you can see the short-skip effects down to 20 meters as well.
The FT8 frequency of 28.074 MHz is now a good first check point for band openings. The 10m beacons are also worth checking because SR5TDM, a three watt low-power Polish beacon on 28.215MHz, was audible during the week. You can find a 10 and 6m beacon list by searching on the web for G3USF beacons.

Next week, NOAA predicts the solar flux index will remain around 70. A lack of coronal hole activity means the K-index may only reach a maximum of two.

In summary then, it’s more of the same for HF!

VHF and up:

The charts show a lot of high pressure over the next week and this means a good chance of some tropo. The best paths will be over the surrounding seas, especially the North Sea at first. There may be a trend for drier air to remove some of the low-level moisture after this weekend, so paths won’t necessarily be good all of the time. The overnight conditions under high pressure can also produce temporary nocturnal lifts over land, but these paths tend to decay quickly after sunrise, when the heating breaks down any surface inversion.

Since it looks like a largely dry spell of weather, there may be a shortage of rain scatter clouds about for the microwave bands. All is not lost and there is some hope that sporadic E will continue to put in an appearance now and again. However, one of the main ingredients, a strong jet stream over Europe, may be hard to find in this fine, settled weather. This means the fall-back option of upper ridge patterns may be the trigger to watch. Check the daily sporadic E blogs on propquest.co.uk to see the current location of jet streams and ridges.


The Moon is past perigee, but losses are still low and will fall as the week progresses. Similarly, declination is falling but still in double figures until Wednesday, so another good week for EME with moon visibility from late morning through to after midnight most days.

Agenda DX 18/05/2018

ANNIVERSARIO EMITTENTE
Radio Tucupita, Venezuela 1270 Khz (1963)
RCN Santa Marta, Colombia 640 Khz (1933)
Radio Praga (servizio interno) 270 Khz (1923)
CFCN, Alberta, Canada 1490 Khz

giovedì 17 maggio 2018

Media & Tech - 17/05/2018

Glenn Hauser logs May 16-17, 2018

** CHINA. 11500, May 16 at 1348, Chinese S5-S8 with flutter, CNR1 jammer, same talk as on 11785; 11500 is a Sound of Hope frequency any time from 2030 to 1700, and *jammed per NDXC/Aoki (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 11760, May 16 at 2053, surprised to find Portuguese on here from RHC. No, I`m not --- something`s always wrong at RHC. 11760 is not scheduled to start until 2100 in Spanish. But there is no Portuguese on any frequency at this time, the closest being 2000-2030 on 11860 to Europe. So far, 11760 is the Only Cuban On Band (OCOB) (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) See also USA [and non] WRMI 9955

** ECUADOR. 6050, May 16 at 0603, Spanish preaching on VP signal vs heavy splash from 6060 Cuba. Must be HCJB, way past normal 0230+*. (I never have any luck with ELWA, but co-channel co-religionists running overtime certainly won`t help) (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** OKLAHOMA. 530, May 16 at 2004 UT, ``K530AM``, Vance AFB has again crashed to dead air. Still so May 17 at 1555 UT (Glenn Hauser, Enid, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A [and non]. WORLD OF RADIO 1930 monitoring: confirmed Wednesday May 16 at 2100 on WRMI 9955; it only cut on air about a semiminute earlier with tail of IS & ID loop, but just in time, S7-S4. 

WBCQ 7490.1 is already on, and also starts WOR 1930 at S6-S3, about 3 words behind WRMI. Not confirmed Wed May 16 at 2330 on WBCQ 9330v, as TOMBS continues --- and it sounds very familiar as if the same recording is being played during this hour from one day to next. It goes from moanin` `n` groanin` to comments by BS at 2331. Next WORs:

Thu 2330   WBCQ 9330v to WSW [maybe]
Fri 2330   WBCQ 9330v to WSW [maybe]
Sat 0629   HLR 6190-CUSB to WSW
Sat 1431   HLR 6190-CUSB to WSW
Sat 1930v  WA0RCR 1860-AM ND [off this week, back May 26]
Sat 2130   WBCQ 9330v to WSW [maybe][or 2330?]
Sat 2300   WRMI 7780 to NE
Sun 0200   WRMI 7780 to NE [canceled?]
Sun 0310v  WA0RCR 1860-AM ND [off this week, back May 27]
Sun 1030   HLR 9485-CUSB to WSW
Sun 1900   WRMI 9395 to NNW
Sun 2330   WBCQ 9330v to WSW [maybe]
Mon 0130.5 WRMI 5850 to NW, 7780 to NE
Mon 0300v  WBCQ 5130v Area 51 to WSW
Mon 0330   WRMI 9955 to SSE
Mon 0400   WRMI webcast only
Mon 2330   WBCQ 9330v to WSW [maybe]
Tue 0030   WRMI 7730 to WNW
Tue 2030   WRMI 7780 to NE, 5950 to WNW [or #1931?]
Tue 2130   WRMI 7780 to NE, 5950 to WNW [or #1931?]

Full schedule for WOR on all outlets, not just SW; podcast linx:
http://www.worldofradio.com/radioskd.html
(Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A [and non]. 9955, May 17 at 0249, WRMI in Spanish with heavy multiple-pulse jamming (but not full-bore wall of noise), why? 0230-0300 daily is R. Eslovaquia Internacional. Either total incompetence, or the Cuban Commies still have it in for those who have overthrown the yoke of dictatorship. Same jamming still going on 9955 vs nothing at 0610, since WRMI quits at 0400* (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 5890, May 16 at 0600, WWCR is on again with S9+30 of dead air; why? A great way to waste expenses (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 9930, May 16 at 2054 check, WTWW-2 is off again, after having made a surprise rare showup all(?)-day yesterday. Simultaneously, 9475 is on with WTWW-1 SFAW, and no +/- 12.9 kHz spurs, so this time it`s the original #1 transmitter instead of #2 sometimes employed on #1 frequency. 9930 still off at 1555 check May 17 (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A [non]. 7505, May 17 at 0251, JBA carrier with WRNO off (or maybe exciter only?). Rather the only other 7505 station, per NDXC/Aoki: AIR Delhi, 0230-0300 in Hindi via Khampur site (also 0130-0230 Nepali via Kingsway). Recheck 0600, still nothing (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 5970, May 17 at 0604, WEWN Spanish is AWOL; but 11520 English at 0614 is on, VP vs S9+10 ute bursts every few seconds. 12050, May 17 at 1559, Spanish is on but very weak (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST) 

** U S A. 1130, May 17 at 1555 UT check, KLEY Wellington KS is back to SNAFU mode as described countless times before (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

This report dispatched at 1609 UT May 17

W4HM Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast #2018-136

Greetings to my fellow hamateur radio and SWL radio enthusiasts around the
world.

Welcome to my “not for profit” daily W4HM Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation
Forecast.

It’s the only daily global HF radio wave propagation forecast produced on
the planet.

I'm a retired heliophysicist, terrestrial meteorologist/climatologist and
one of the few on the planet with advanced education and forecast
experience in both disciplines. In terrestrial weather forecasting I
have 45 years of experience and in solar, space and geomagnetic weather
forecasting 34 years.

Created and disseminated by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM in Lakeland, FL, USA ©
1988-2018.

If you find this daily HF radio wave propagation forecast useful to your
hamateur and SWL radio activities, feel free to drop me a line and let me
know that at

thomasfgiella@gmail.com

I enjoy hearing from likeminded fellow radio enthusiasts.

Hams and SWLs that are interested in solar, space & geomagnetic weather as
well as radio wave propagation are a special group of people interested in
broadening their knowledge in science.

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily HF radio wave
propagation forecast, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and
give me credit for it.

Supporting images associated with this daily HF radio wave propagation
forecast can be found in my Facebook account at

https://www.facebook.com/thomasfranklingiellaw4hm

and in my Twitter account at

https://twitter.com/GiellaW4hm

Last but not least here is my new HF radio wave propagation web page where
you can sign up to receive this daily HF radio wave propagation forecast via
email. https://groups.io/g/w4hmradiowavepropagationforecast


but without supporting images.

It's a NO SPAM voluntary "opt" in email type group hosted by Groups.io, so
you have to sign up by using an existing email address and creating a
password.

W4HM Solar Cycle 25 Forecast- Short and to the point.

Solar minimum may begin later this year and may last longer than any
previous solar cycle in the 20th century. When solar cycle 25 finally gets
underway it could be the weakest since the middle of the 19th century.
Another Dalton type lesser grand solar minimum may occur with a
corresponding cooling of earth’s climate. This would negate anthropogenic
climate change if it were occurring which it isn’t.

On February 1, 2008 I forecasted that solar cycle 24 would be the smallest
solar cycle in the past 100 years. That forecast verified. I also forecasted
that solar cycle 25 would be almost non nonexistent.


#136 Issued Thursday May 17, 2018 at 1430 UTC

Important Solar, Space & Geomagnetic Weather Indices-

The daily solar flux index numbers (DSFI) were 69.8 69.9 68.8

There had been 1 day with a 2000 UTC daily solar flux index number (DSFI) of
lower than 70.

The official daily sunspot number (DSSN) was 0.

There had been 3 days in a row with a daily sunspot number (DSSN) of 0.

In 2018 there had been 76 days with an official daily sunspot number (DSSN)
of 0.

The 24 hour period 3 hour interval planetary K index (Kp) had been at a
quiet geomagnetic condition of 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1.

The 24 hour period planetary A index (Ap) index maximum and minimum ranged
between 5 & 2, which had been at a quiet geomagnetic level.

The 24 hour period maximum and minimum solar wind speed ranged between 330 &
274 km/s.

Global Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast-

HF radio wave propagation condition “trend” May 17, 2018- deteriorating.

HF radio wave propagation condition “trend” May 18, 2018- steady.

HF radio wave propagation condition “trend” May 19, 2018- improving.

Northern Hemisphere Radio Wave Propagation Forecast g-

3150-3400, 3500-4100, 4750-5050, 5700-6300 kHz- S9 +1 to 9 at night and S1-3
at day,

6900-7800, 9200-9995, 10000-10150, 11500-12200 kHz- S9+ 1 to 9 at night and
S4-7 at day,

13570-13850, 14000-14350, 15005-15900, 17450-17950, 18068-18168 kHz- S1-3 at
night and S8-9 at day,

21000-21850 kHz- S0 at night and S4-7 at day,

24890-24990, 25600-26100 kHz- S0 at night and S1-3 at day,

28000-29700 kHz- S0 at night and S0-1 at day.

We are now moving into the summer/winter solstice type of HF radio wave
propagation conditions. Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are
most unbalanced across the equator during this time period.

During the northern hemisphere summer season the 14000- 30000 kHz frequency
range closes later due to more sun light illuminating the ionosphere than in
the southern hemisphere. But the maximum usable frequency (MUF) is lower
than in the southern hemisphere as heating in the F2 layer of the ionosphere
is higher and the layer less concentrated.

Almost daily during the northern hemisphere summer season you will find that
the 25600- 26100 kHz and 28000-30000 kHz frequency ranges will open via
short north-south and east-west propagation paths via sporadic E (Es). Also
when multiple sporadic E (Es) clouds form and line up favorably much longer
propagation paths open up on east-west paths. And last but not least
north-south propagation paths occur across the equator via trans equatorial
propagation (TEP).

Southern Hemisphere Radio Wave Propagation Forecast g-

3150-3400, 3500-4100, 4750-5050, 5700-6300 kHz- S9+10 at night and S4-7 at
day,

6900-7800, 9200-9995, 10000-10150, 11500-12200 kHz- S9+5 at night and S5-8
at day,

13570-13850, 14000-14350, 15005-15900, 17450-17950, 18068-18168 kHz- S1-3 at
night and S9+1 at day,

21000-21850 kHz- S0 at night and S5-8 at day,

24890-24990, 25600-26100 kHz- S0 at night and S1-3 at day,

28000-29700 kHz- S0 at night and S1 at day.

We are now moving into the summer/winter solstice type of HF radio wave
propagation conditions. Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are
most unbalanced across the equator during this time period.

During the southern hemisphere winter season the 14000- 30000 kHz frequency
range closes sooner due to less sun light illuminating the ionosphere than
in the northern hemisphere. But the maximum usable frequency (MUF) is higher
than in the northern hemisphere as the F2 layer of the ionosphere is lower
in height and more concentrated.

This HF Radio wave propagation forecast is produced based on the SIGINT_CAP
HF radio wave propagation prediction software. I wrote it beginning in the
late 1980’s but I’m sorry to say that it can’t be distributed to the general
public. It does outperform VOA CAP.

And though this HF radio wave propagation forecast is produced based on the
SIGINT_CAP software, I do check the actual band conditions at my location in
the USA and tweak the forecast manually where and when necessary.

I also check global HF radio wave propagation conditions via remoted radio
receivers on every continent of the globe and tweak the forecast manually if
and when necessary.

And last but not least I look at ionsonde stations on every continent of the
globe.

The hamateur radio JT65A mode RF signal levels received are based on 5 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio PSK31 mode RF signal levels received are based on 25
watts and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio CW mode RF signal levels received are based on 50 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio SSB RF mode signal levels received are based on 100 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The HF shortwave broadcast band AM Mode RF signal levels are based on
100,000 watts (100 kw) and a typical high gain VOA type curtain array
antenna.

Please keep in mind that this is a relatively simplified HF radio wave
propagation forecast, so as to keep it easily understandable and applicable
by the average radio enthusiast.

Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are most evenly balanced
during the fall and spring equinoxes and most diametrically opposed during
the summer and winter solstices.

Conditions change daily, weekly, monthly, yearly and by decade, as the
sun rises and sets at different times and at different angles from the
ecliptic, as well as by radio wave frequency. This is due to changes in the
maximum usable frequency (MUF), lowest usable frequency (LUF) and F layer
critical frequency (FoF2). Also by propagation path.

The D and E layers also come into play through RF radio wave signal
absorption and refraction. And then there is sporadic E (Es) radio wave
propagation that can really throw a wrench into the gears so to speak.

Things like sporadic E (Es) radio wave propagation and lightning storm
static can impact HF radio wave propagation in an unpredictable manner and
mostly bad.

Ongoing solar, space and geomagnetic weather goings on also impact HF radio
wave propagation conditions in a negative manner.

Lower high frequency (80-30 meters) propagation conditions are impacted in a
negative manner not so much by variations in the maximum usable frequency
(MUF) along a particular propagation path and time but rather due to
geomagnetic elevated geomagnetic conditions (Kp-3-4), storms (Kp-5 &
greater) that increase signal absorption via the E layer (the altitude of
the radio aurora). Also increases in the lowest usable frequency (LUF) via D
layer RF signal absorption due to hard x-rays, galactic cosmic waves,
elevated background solar flux levels greater than B0 and energetic proton
flux levels at energies greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

Higher frequency (20-10 meters) propagation conditions are impacted in a
negative manner by variations in the maximum usable frequency (MUF) along a
particular propagation path and time due to the current sunspot number and
also due to elevated geomagnetic conditions (Kp-3-4), storms of Kp-5 &
greater. Also D layer RF signal absorption due to elevated (greater than B0)
background solar flux levels. Also to a lesser extent elevated proton flux
at energies greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

GENERAL GUIDELINES CONCERNING CORRELATION OF PROPAGATION INDICES TO ACTUAL
HF PROPAGATION CONDITIONS-

NOTE!!! The propagation indices "interpretations" are my personal
intellectual property. Therefore the radio wave propagation indices
interpretations contained herein is copyrighted © 1988-2018 by Thomas F.
Giella, W4HM, all rights reserved. Reproduction of information herein is
allowed without permission in advance as long as proper credit is given.

All 14 of the following indices have to occur as described below in order to
see the best global high frequency radio wave propagation possible,
something that happens rarely.

1.) Dropping geomagnetic field indices numbers are better, Kp of 0 best.

2.) A daily sunspot number of 150 or higher, 200 or higher best.

3.) A daily sunspot number of greater than 100 for routine stable formation
of the E Valley/F Layer ducting mechanism.

4.) Previous 24 hour Ap index under 10, fewer than 7 for several days
consecutively are best.

5.) Previous 3 hours Kp index fewer than 3 for mid latitude paths, fewer
than 2 for high latitude paths, 0 for several days consecutively is best.

6.) Energetic protons no greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

7.) Background x-ray flux levels greater than B1 for several days
consecutively, greater than C1 best.

8.) No current STRATWARM alert.

9.) Interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) Bz with a (positive number) sign,
indicates a lesser chance of high latitude path aurora
absorption/unpredictable refraction or scattering of medium frequency RF
signals, when the Kp is above 3.

10.) A -10 or better towards a positive number Dst index during the recovery
time after a geomagnetic storm, as related to the equatorial ring current. A
positive number is best.

Standard Disclaimer-

Note! I use error prone RAW public domain data from the NOAA Space
Environment Center, other U.S. government entities and educational
institutions, to produce this daily HF radio wave propagation
forecast. This data is gathered and made public by the U.S. Government using
taxpayer $$$ (including mine).

However this daily HF propagation forecast that I produce from the RAW
public domain data is my personal intellectual property. Therefore this
daily HF radio wave propagation forecast contained herein is copyrighted ©
1988-2018 by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM.

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily HF radio wave
propagation forecast, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and
give me credit for it.

Also HF radio wave propagation forecasting is still an inexact
science and therefore also an art. The forecasts are not official but for
educational and hobby related purposes only and are subject to human error
and acts of God, therefore no guarantee or warranty implied.

SWLDXBulgaria News, May 17

ALASKA   Frequency changes of World Christian Broadcast, KNLS The New
Life Station. All frequencies are registered on May 17 in HFCC Database
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/frequency-changes-of-world-christian.html

KURDISTAN(non)   Updated schedule of Dengê Welat via Issoudun/Grigoriopol, May 17
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/updated-schedule-of-denge-welat-via.html

NUMBERS STATION   Fair signal of S06s Russian Lady in 31mb, May 17
0930-0936 on  9255 unknown secret tx site to Eu Russian USB+AM
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/fair-signal-of-s06s-russian-lady-in.html

NUMBERS STATION   Reception of S11a Cherta in 10MHz on May 17:
1015-1018 on 10210 unknown secret tx site to Eu Russian USB, fair
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/reception-of-s11a-cherta-in-10mhz-on.html

NUMBERS STATION   Good signal of E11 Oblique in 25mb, May 17
1300-1303 on 11581 unknown secret tx site to Eu English USB:
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2018/05/good-signal-of-e11-oblique-in-25mb-may.html

--

73! Ivo Ivanov
More information on the shortwave listening hobby,
please visit to http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com

QTH-1: Patreshko, Bulgaria
Receiver: Afedri SDR
Software: SDR-Console v2.3(using remote connection)
Antennas: various Inverted V and beverage antennas.

QTH-2: Sofia OK2, Bulgaria
Receiver: Sony ICF-2001D
Antenna: 30 m. long wire

Adventist World Radio Meeting Elkhart

Dear Elkhart NASB Attendees,

Please accept my goodwill greetings for a successful and profitable NASB 2018 meeting at Elkhart right here in Indiana. I was indeed looking forward to attending and participating in this year's convention, and meeting again so many radio colleagues and friends, but this is not possible, due to recent medical issues for both myself and my wife. (My loving wife is just two weeks ahead of me in her own recovery from her own most recent hospitalization, and yet she is also supporting me on my return home. Additional support has come from our daughter and her husband and their two still-at-home daughters in Martinsville here in Indiana.) 

I am grateful for the successful removal of a nasty apple sized cancer in the colon that had long gone unnoticed. Preliminary recovery has been remarkably rapid and positive, though in the long term this continuation of progress might slow down a little. I am grateful that several hundred people have been praying for me (and for my wife also) in these medical circumstances, and due to Divine intervention (for which I am very grateful) I have experienced a buoyancy in all of these matters that I have never experienced before. 

In advance of NASB Elkhart, I had already begun preparation for the hour long Powerpoint presentation which would have included EARLY RADIO MEMORIES:

* A request from the Australian government for me to monitor Japanese Prisoner of War broadcasts on shortwave from Singapore, Saigon, Hong Kong and Manila during the latter part of World War 2. 

* Monitoring of Voice of America broadcasts during the Pacific War from the American shortwave stations in California and Honolulu (together with a multitude of QSL cards in response!).

A second part of the Powerpoint presentation would have been my involvement in the early formative years of Adventist World Radio.

Allow me to express genuine gratitude to many, in these recent times:

* Jeff White and shortwave Radio Miami International WRMI for carrying the burden of producing the AWR DX program Wavescan and also providing lots of interesting information for the program at a time when I have been unable to do so. I express appreciation also to Ray Robinson of shortwave KVOH in Los Angeles and Voice of Hope in Zambia Africa for similar valuable input. Likewise, appreciation is due to Dr. Jerry Plummer of shortwave WWCR in Nashville in a similar role. The international shortwave cooperation that is evident in the preparation, production and broadcast of Wavescan is a splendid example of international relations on the part of four prominent shortwave broadcasting organizations: Adventist World Radio, WRMI, KVOH/VOH Africa and WWCR.

* I am grateful also to Dr. Dowell Chow, previous President for Adventist World Radio, in taking over and expanding his 20 minute presentation now into a full hour at NASB Elkhart. I am reminded of the full support of NASB on the part of AWR administrations over the past long many years, and the first "off-site" NASB meeting was held in the Adventist world headquarters building in Silver Spring Maryland several years ago. 

And again, best wishes to you all for another memorable NASB meeting,

Christian greetings,
Dr. Adrian M. Peterson
International Relations
Adventist World Radio
-- (Adrian M. Peterson, May 16, DX LISTENING DIGEST)