giovedì 19 ottobre 2017

Agenda DX 19/10/2017

ANNIVERSARIO EMITTENTI
Radio Progresso, Ijuì, Brasile 690 Khz (1959)
WISA, Puerto Rico 1390 Khz (1961)
VOCM, Canada 590 Khz (1936)
WJAS, Pennsylvania 1320 Khz (1921)

Atlantic 2000 on the air again this Saturday

Atlantic 2000 will be on the air this weekend:

- Saturday 21st of October, from 0800 to 0900 UTC on 6070 kHz (repeat of the show of October 7 and 8)

+ streaming at the same time on our website: http://radioatlantic2000.free.fr
Only detailed reception reports will be confirmed by eQSL.
Reports to: atlantic2000international@gmail.com

Good listening!

--

mercoledì 18 ottobre 2017

Media & Tech - 18/10/2017

October 18 2017 W4HM Daily Solar, Space & Geomagnetic Weather Discussion

Hello to my fellow hamateur radio and SWL radio enthusiasts around the world.

Welcome to my “not for profit” W4HM Daily Solar, Space & Geomagnetic Weather Discussion.

If you find this daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather discussion useful to your hamateur and SWL radio activities, feel free to drop me a line and let me know that at

thomasfgiella@gmail.com .

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather discussion, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and give me credit for it.

Supporting images associated with my daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather discussion can be found in my Facebook account at

https://www.facebook.com/thomasfranklingiellaw4hm

and at

http://lists.contesting.com/mailman/listinfo/spaceweather

but without supporting images.

It's a NO SPAM voluntary "opt" in email type group hosted by contesting on line (COL), so you have to sign up by using an existing email address and creating a password.

And last but not least I also post some snippets of daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather goings on and a few images in my Twitter account at https://twitter.com/GiellaW4hm .

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Published on Wednesday October 18, 2017 at 1530 UTC

Solar Space & Geomagnetic Weather Conditions on Tuesday October 17, 2017-

Solar activity had been very low.

Earth's geomagnetic field had been at a quiet level.

The three daily solar flux index (SFI) numbers had been 72.2 70.3 72.2.

The official daily sunspot number (SSN) had been at 0.

This was the 2nd day in a row with a daily SSN of 0

and 9 of the last 10 days had seen a daily SSN of 0.

In 2017 officially there were

65 days

with a daily sunspot number (SSN) of 0. Considering that solar minimum won't occur for approximately 2 more years, +/- 1 year, daily SSN's of 0 are occurring unusually early.

In 2016 officially there were 32 days with a daily sunspot number (SSN) of 0.

As we move forward towards the next solar minimum between solar cycle #24 and #25 the number of days with a 0 daily SSN will steadily increase. Eventually every day for many, many, many months will see a 0, the big goose egg.

In 2008 I forecasted solar cycle 24 to be the weakest in the past 100 years and that forecast verified. I also forecasted that solar cycle 25 would be virtually nonexistent, similar to the Dalton type solar minimum that occurred in the early 1800's.

Other than sunspot magnetic polarity it will probably be very difficult to determine when solar cycle 24 ended and solar cycle 25 began.

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Officially there had been no earth facing sunspot group (SSG).

There had been no returning (recurrent) sunspot group.

There had been no small in size C class solar flare or larger.

There had been no directly earth aimed (geoeffective) coronal mass ejection (CME).

There had been no partially earth aimed coronal mass ejection (CME).

There had been no directly (geoeffective) or partially earth aimed coronal mass ejection (CME) D layer ionosphere involved high latitude energetic proton storm >10 MeV (10+0).

The high latitude absorption via earths over ionized D layer is called polar cap absorption. The mid latitude absorption is caused by energetic electrons and protons spiraling down earth’s magnetic field lines into the equatorial ring current.

There had been no earth aimed solar flare related x-ray day side D layer ionosphere involved solar fade out (SFO).

There had been no directly earth aimed (geoeffective) or partially earth aimed collapsing magnetic filament eruption.

The 24 hour period 3 hour interval planetary K index (Kp) had been at a quiet geomagnetic condition of

1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1.

The 24 hour period 3 hour interval Boulder, CO K index had been at a quiet geomagnetic condition of

2 1 1 2 1 1 0 1.

The K(p) geomagnetic indices are-

0-2- quiet                                                                                                                                                                                                3- unsettled                                                                                                                                                                                                                 4- active                                                                                                                                                                                                 5- minor geomagnetic storming                                                                                                                                                                     6- moderate                                                                                                                                                                                                           7- strong                                                                                                                                                                                                                   8- severe                                                                                                                                                                                                                9- extreme                                                                                                                                                                                            10- our atmosphere just got cooked off like on Mars and we are all dead.

The 24 hour period maximum and minimum planetary A index (Ap) had ranged between

6 and 3,

which had been at a quiet geomagnetic condition.

The Ap geomagnetic indices are-

0-7- quiet                                                                                                                                                                                                           8-15- unsettled                                                                                                                                                                                                      16-29- active                                                                                                                                                                                                           30-49- minor geomagnetic storm                                                                                                                                                                   50-99- major                                                                                                                                                                                                 100-400- severe                                                                                                                                                                                 >401- our atmosphere just got cooked off like on Mars and we are all dead.

The 24 hour period maximum background x-ray flux had been at B2.35.

The 24 hour period maximum southward swing of the vertical component (Bz) of earth's geomagnetic magnetic field had been at approximately



-3 nT south.



The larger the negative value the further south-north that visible aurora can possibly be observed outside of the polar regions.



The 24 hour period maximum and minimum disturbance storm time index (Dst) had ranged between

-26 and -8 nT.

The 24 hour period maximum and minimum solar wind speed ranged had ranged between

510 and 424 km/s.

There was 1 small in size northern hemisphere earth facing coronal hole (CH) #829.

There was 1 recurrent small in size trans equatorial earth facing coronal hole (CH) #830 (#825).

There was 1 recurrent small in size northern hemisphere earth facing coronal hole (CH) #831 (#826).

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GENERAL GUIDELINES CONCERNING CORRELATION OF PROPAGATION INDICES TO ACTUAL HF PROPAGATION CONDITIONS-

NOTE!!! The propagation indices "interpretations" are my personal intellectual property. Therefore the radio wave propagation indices interpretations contained herein is copyrighted © 1988-2017 by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM, all rights reserved. Reproduction of information herein is allowed without permission in advance as long as proper credit is given.

All 14 of the following indices have to occur as described below in order to see the best global high frequency radio wave propagation possible, something that happens rarely.

1.) Dropping geomagnetic field indices numbers are better, Kp of 0 best.

2.) A daily sunspot number of 150 or higher, 200 or higher best.

3.) A daily sunspot number of greater than 100 for routine stable formation of the E Valley/F Layer ducting mechanism.

4.) Previous 24 hour Ap index under 10, fewer than 7 for several days consecutively are best.

5.) Previous 3 hours Kp index fewer than 3 for mid latitude paths, fewer than 2 for high latitude paths, 0 for several days consecutively is best.

6.) Energetic protons no greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

7.) Background x-ray flux levels greater than B1 for several days consecutively, greater than C1 best.

8.) No current STRATWARM alert.

9.) Interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) Bz with a (positive number) sign, indicates a lesser chance of high latitude path aurora absorption/unpredictable refraction or scattering of medium frequency RF signals, when the Kp is above 3.

10.) A -10 or better towards a positive number Dst index during the recovery time after a geomagnetic storm, as related to the equatorial ring current. A positive number is best.

11.) Rising positive T index number. The T Index tracks with the F2 layer critical frequency (foF2) and sunspot number (SSN) and indicates the capability of the F2 layer to refract RF signals.

12.) Galactic cosmic rays decrease to -3 units below zero and trending towards zero.

13.) Energetic electron flux levels no greater than 2 MeV (2+0).

14. A solar wind speed of less than 300 km/s for several days consecutively.

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Standard Disclaimer-

Note! I use error prone RAW public domain data from the NOAA Space Environment Center, other U.S. government entities, educational institutions and some private individuals, to produce my daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather discussion. This data is gathered and made public by the U.S. Government using taxpayer $$$ (including mine).

However this daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather discussion that I produce from the RAW public domain data is my personal intellectual property. Therefore this daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather discussion contained herein is copyrighted © 1988-2017 by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM.

W4HM Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast #290

Hello to my fellow hamateur radio and SWL radio enthusiasts around the world.

Welcome to my “not for profit” W4HM Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast.

If you find this daily HF radio wave propagation forecast useful to your hamateur and SWL radio activities, feel free to drop me a line and let me know that at

thomasfgiella@gmail.com .

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily HF radio wave propagation forecast, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and give me credit for it.

Supporting images associated with my daily HF radio wave propagation forecast can be found in my Facebook account at

https://www.facebook.com/thomasfranklingiellaw4hm

and at

http://lists.contesting.com/mailman/listinfo/spaceweather

but without supporting images.

It's a NO SPAM voluntary "opt" in email type group hosted by contesting on line (COL), so you have to sign up by using an existing email address and creating a password.

And last but not least I also post some snippets of solar, space and geomagnetic weather goings on and some images in my Twitter account at https://twitter.com/GiellaW4hm .

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

#290 Issued Wednesday October 18, 2017 at 1400 UTC

Global Daily HF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast-

HF radio wave propagation condition trend- improving

Northern Hemisphere Radio Wave Propagation Forecast-

3150-3400, 3500-4100, 4750-5050, 5700-6300 kHz- good at night and poor at day,

6900-7800, 9200-9995, 10000-10150, 11500-12200 kHz- good at night and fair at day,

13570-13850, 14000-14350, 15005-15900, 17450-17950, 18068-18168 kHz- very poor at night and good at day,

21000-21850 kHz- very poor at night and fair to good at day,

24890-24990, 25600-26100 kHz- very poor at night and fair at day,

28000-29700 kHz- very poor at night and poor at day.

Excellent- S9+10 or >
Very Good- S9 +1-9
Good- S8-9
Fair- S4-7
Poor- S1-3
Very Poor- S0

During the northern hemisphere winter season the higher HF bands of 10-20 meters (11-19 meters) close sooner due to less sun light illuminating the ionosphere than in the southern hemisphere. But the maximum usable frequency (MUF) is higher than in the southern hemisphere as the F layer of the ionosphere is lower in height and more dense.

Southern Hemisphere Radio Wave Propagation Forecast-

3150-3400, 3500-4100, 4750-5050, 5700-6300- good at night and poor at day,

6900-7800, 9200-9995, 10000-10150, 11500-12200 kHz- good at night and fair at day,

13570-13850, 14000-14350, 15005-15900, 17450-17950, 18068-18168, kHz- very poor at night and good at day,

21000-21850 kHz- very poor at night and fair to good at day,

24890-24990, 25600-26100 kHz- very poor at night and fair at day,

28000-29700 kHz- very poor at night and poor at day.

Excellent- S9+10 or >
Very Good- S9 +1-9
Good- S8-9
Fair- S4-7
Poor- S1-3
Very Poor- S0

Keep in mind that almost daily during the southern hemisphere summer season you will find that the 10 (11) meter bands will open via short north-south and east-west propagation paths via sporadic E (Es). Also when multiple sporadic E (Es) clouds form and line up favorably much longer propagation paths open up on east-west paths. And last but not least north-south propagation paths occur across the equator via trans equatorial propagation (TEP).


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This HF Radio wave propagation forecast is produced based on the SIGINT_CAP HF radio wave propagation prediction software. I wrote it beginning in the late 1980’s but I’m sorry to say that it can’t be distributed to the general public.

And though this HF radio wave propagation forecast is produced based on the SIGINT_CAP, I do check the actual band conditions at my location in the USA and tweak the forecast manually where and when necessary. I also check global HF radio wave propagation conditions via remoted radio receivers around on every continent of the globe and tweak the forecast manually if and when necessary.

The hamateur radio JT65A mode RF signal levels received are based on 5 watts and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio PSK31 mode RF signal levels received are based on 25 watts and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio CW mode RF signal levels received are based on 50 watts and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio SSB RF mode signal levels received are based on 100 watts and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The HF shortwave broadcast band AM Mode RF signal levels are based on 100,000 watts (100 kw) and a typical high gain VOA type curtain array antenna.

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Please keep in mind that this is a relatively simplified HF radio wave
propagation forecast, so as to keep it easily understandable and applicable by the average radio enthusiast.

Globally HF radio wave propagation conditions are most evenly balanced
during the fall and spring equinoxes and most diametrically opposed during
the summer and winter solstices.

Conditions change daily, weekly, monthly, yearly and by decade, as the
sun rises and sets at different times and at different angles from the
ecliptic, as well as by radio wave frequency. This is due to changes in the
maximum usable frequency (MUF), lowest usable frequency (LUF) and F layer
critical frequency (FoF2).

The D and E layers also come into play through RF radio wave signal
absorption and refraction. And then there is sporadic E (Es) radio wave
propagation that can really throw a wrench into the gears so to speak.

Things like sporadic E (Es) radio wave propagation and lightning storm
static can impact HF radio wave propagation in an unpredictable manner and
mostly bad.

Ongoing solar, space and geomagnetic weather goings on also impact HF radio
wave propagation conditions in a negative manner.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Standard Disclaimer-

Note! I use error prone RAW public domain data from the NOAA Space
Environment Center, other U.S. government entities and educational
institutions, to produce this daily HF radio wave propagation
forecast. This data is gathered and made public by the U.S. Government using
taxpayer $$$ (including mine).

However this daily HF propagation forecast that I produce from the RAW public domain data is my personal intellectual property. Therefore this daily HF radio wave propagation forecast contained herein is copyrighted © 1988-2017 by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM.

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily HF radio wave propagation forecast, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and
give me credit for it.

Also HF radio wave propagation forecasting is still an inexact
science. The forecasts are not official but for educational and hobby
related purposes only and are subject to human error and acts of God,
therefore no guarantee or warranty implied.

HFCC B17 schedules now available

B17 schedules from october 29 have been published on

http://www.hfcc.org/data/b17

Schedules are subject to change till the season B17 starts

Glenn Hauser logs October 15-16-17, 2017

** BRAZIL. 9564.939, Oct 16 at 0558, some Brazuguese audible vs weak pulse jamming, which the stupid Cubans keep running here long beyond the Radio Martí hours which end at 2400. SRDA Curitiba is seldom heard this well under the circumstances, and remains weaker than the others on 31m, all off-frequency, approx. 9666-, 9675-, 9725+, 9819 (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A [and non]. WORLD OF RADIO 1899 monitoring: Ivo Ivanov, Bulgaria reports:

``GERMANY Reception of World of Radio via HLR 9485-CUSB on Oct 15:
http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.bg/2017/10/reception-of-world-of-radio1899-via-hlr_15.html
1031-1100 9485 GOH 001 kW / 230 deg to CeEu English Sun, weak/fair``

WOR 1899 confirmed Sunday Oct 15 at 2344, the 2330 on WBCQ, 9330.079v-CUSB, S9 fair. Also confirmed UT Monday Oct 16 at 0320, the 0300 on Area 51 webcast, while WBCQ 5130.3v is a JBA carrier. Also confirmed UT Mon Oct 16 at 0345 the 0330 on WRMI webcast, JBA carrier on 9955. Also confirmed Mon Oct 16 at 2330 on WBCQ, 9330.231v-CUSB, S9+10 over noise level; also confirmed UT Tue Oct 17 at 0038, the 0030 on WRMI, 7730, S9+30 very good. Also confirmed Tue Oct 17 at 2042 the 2030 on WRMI, 11580 good, 9455 fair; also confirmed Tue Oct 17 at 2135 the 2130 on WRMI, 9455 fair (WOR 1900 was ready by then but internet down at WRMI).

WORLD OF RADIO 1900 contents: Alaska, Antarctica, Argentina, Australia, Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, France, Guatemala, Indonesia, Iran and non, Korea South and non, Madagascar, Myanmar, North America, Perú, Romania, Sa`udi Arabia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Carolina, Turkey, USA, Zanzibar; and the propagation outlook

** U S A [and non]. WORLD OF RADIO 1900 monitoring. Confirmed first SW broadcast, Tuesday October 17 at 2330 on WBCQ 9330.25v-CUSB, good. Next [we hope internet uploads to WRMI will be restored in time for:]

Wed 1030   WRMI 5850 to NW, 9455 to WNW
Wed 1315   WRMI 9955 to SSE
Wed 2100   WBCQ 7490v to WSW
Wed 2330   WBCQ 9330v-CUSB to WSW
Thu 2230   WRMI 5850 to NW [NEW]
Thu 2330   WBCQ 9330v-CUSB to WSW
Fri 2330   WBCQ 9330v-CUSB to WSW
Sat 0630   HLR  6190-CUSB to WSW
Sat 1431   HLR  7265-CUSB to WSW
Sat 1930v  WA0RCR 1860-AM ND
Sat 2130   WBCQ 9330v-CUSB to WSW
Sat 2300   WRMI 11580 to NE
Sun 0200   WRMI 11580 to NE
Sun 0315v  WA0RCR 1860-AM ND
Sun 1030   HLR  9485-CUSB to WSW
Sun 2330   WBCQ 9330v-CUSB to WSW
Mon 0300v  WBCQ 5130v Area 51 to WSW
Mon 0330   WRMI 9955 to SSE
Mon 2330   WBCQ 9330v-CUSB to WSW
Tue 0030   WRMI 7730 to WNW
Tue 2030   WRMI 11580 to NE, 9455 to WNW [or maybe 1901 by then]

Full schedule on all affiliates:
http://www.worldofradio.com/radioskd.html
Download and podcasting linx:
http://www.worldofradio.com/audiomid.html
(Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 9455 // 9395, Oct 17 at 2249-2254, VOA News relay at another odd time within the WRMI Oldies service (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 17775, Monday October 16 at 1815, I`m checking KVOH whether it is still a menace to the entire 16mb and beyond as it was when last on the air Friday Oct 13, pushing out a noise field at least to 17600/18200 kHz --- no, fundamental itself is just too weak today, poor S8 on the R75, S4-S5 on the NRD-545; music modulation may sound OK now. It could still be putting out the noise field, but not exacerbated by pipeline propagation: OR, they`ve turned the output power way down to minimize it? Spain 17855 is now inbooming at S9+25 to S9.

17775, another try October 17 at 1632, S9 to S+10, somewhat distorted but no KVOH spurs audible (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. Re my report of open carrier on 1030 kHz in the middle of the night, from the south or north, believed to be 50 kW DAYTIMER, KCTA, Corpus Christi TX, I received this confirmation sent October 15:

``Good morning Mr. Hauser, I follow your DX Reports on the WTFDA Boards. You mentioned in your most recent post, KCTA in Corpus Christi, Texas operating at night.

I, too, have received KCTA in Nashville, TN. I enjoy listening to WBZ from Boston, MA at night, but KCTA completely overpowers WBZ’s signal. I went to the KCTA Webpage http://www.kctaradio.com/ and found contact info at the station to e-mail my complaint to. (This is not the first time this station has operated at night. I e-mailed them a couple months ago about the same problem.) 

On my latest complaint to KCTA, the first response said there is no way I can be hearing them as they are a daytime only radio station, but they would look into the problem. I, then, heard from the engineer who said the recent hurricane damaged the communications lines between the transmitter and the studio and that KCTA has been unable to shut the transmitter off at night. (I think I would get into my car, drive to the transmitter and manually shut it down, but that is just me.) He said he was in hopes the phone company would repair the lines and the interference problem would cease at night.

The first response to my e-mail confirmed what I am hearing at night is indeed KCTA. The e-mail said they continue to stream programming long after the transmitter (should) sign off. But, since it stays on, the programs also air on 1030 kHz to approximately 10:30 pm CDT [0330 UT]. After 10:30pm, there is dead air until the streaming picks back up early in the morning. Since the programs are meant to be streamed only at night, no station IDs are aired.

They did appear to correct the problem, as a couple days this week KCTA was off at night. But, the last couple nights, KCTA has been back on interfering with WBZ.

I can only imagine how bad the interference must be for stations authorized to operate at night on 1030 kHz, including one about an hour west of Nashville. It seems strange to me this station has no fear of the F.C.C. and admitted to me about their nighttime operation. 

Around the Nashville area, there have been several cases of local AM Stations, with low power night operating authority, to remain on daytime power for months at a time. You may have received them in Oklahoma. WMCG 810, WAKM 950 and WHIN 1010 to name a few, which have been guilty in the past of operating more than a month on their daytime power.

The FCC wants to revitalize the AM Band; maybe they should start by enforcing the laws on the books governing low power operation at night. The engineer stated maybe this was God’s way of talking to me in Nashville. Keep up the good work, William ‘Buzz’ Rawls, III, Nashville, TN`` (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** VIETNAM. Ron Howard responds to my log on 7906-USB of Ho Chi Minh Radio on later than reported previously, at 1312 UT October 13:

``Hi Glenn, Happened to be listening at the same time as you today, but I was on // 8294-USB. Yes, your "1312" reception is correct. When they have unusual weather to report they do run longer than normal.

Today the Vietnam coast stations would be providing up-to-date info on tropical storm Khanun (expected to turn into a typhoon), that is headed their way - http://goo.gl/cA4Dfz 
Earlier this week, they experienced tropical depression 23W, which caused extensive flooding - http://goo.gl/qJmp6e 

Today started at *1305 with series of tones; providing coastal weather
conditions, with mentions of "kilo-mét" (Vietnamese for kilometers); went off at 1317* with another series of tones. My audio, ending with tones, at http://goo.gl/RWPy78 

The VISHIPEL website, in English, at http://goo.gl/HykdZA 
Nice map of the Vietnam coast stations at http://goo.gl/6r7avW 
Ron`` (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

This report dispatched at 0236 UT October 18

Agenda DX 18/10/2017

ANNIVERSARIO EMITTENTI
Sunshine Radio, Gran Bretagna 1548 Khz (1974)
CFRY, Manitoba, Canada 920 Khz (1956)
BBC 198 Khz (1922)

Radio Caroline North and Manx Radio on october 28/29

You can hear Radio Caroline North during 2017 on the following dates either through our dedicated stream or on 1368 kHz MW. (Dates subject to change)

28/29 October
25/26 November

1964 Post-war Britain was burdened with austerity. The BBC provided education and information but a growing young population was looking for excitement, fashion, fun and MUSIC.
It was also the year that saw: the last executions in Great Britain, of Gwynne Evans and Peter Allen which took place in August; the second BBC TV channel was launched (BBC2); actor Christopher Ecclestone and former London Mayor and politician Boris Johnson were born; the first edition of the Sun Newspaper hit the streets and Match Of The Day first hit the small screen. In addition to all these, The Beatles released "Can't Buy Me Love" and appeared on the Ed Sullivan show. Martin Luther King, Jr. was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and on February 25th 1964, underdog Cassius Clay (he had not yet changed his name), at the age of 22, defeated champion Sonny Liston to win the world heavyweight boxing crown.
For the people of the Isle of Man, Manx radio began broadcasting on 29th June 1964 almost ten years before commercial radio was licensed in the United Kingdom. The Isle of Man, having its own government and laws, was not subject to the rules prohibiting commercial broadcasting in the UK. However, the Manx Government still had to apply to the UK's General Post Office for a frequency and for permission to broadcast. First requested in 1960, a license was eventually granted in May 1964. The UK music radio revolution started with the MV Caroline anchored off Felixstowe, where it began test transmissions on Friday 27th March 1964. On Saturday 28th March, it began regular broadcasting at noon on 197.3 meters (1520 kHz, announced as 199 meters) with the opening show presented by Simon Dee. Founder Ronan O'Rahilly saw his Radio Caroline hit the airwaves to huge success, lapped up by a pop music hungry audience!
It did not take long for Radio Caroline to become a national broadcaster. After almost only 2 months on air, Caroline competitor Radio Atlanta accepted audiences were not meeting expectations and a merger took place; as Atlanta was forced to join with Caroline their ship the Mi Amigo became Radio Caroline South. This enabled the Caroline organization to use their existing ship, the MV Caroline, for a second Radio Caroline station. On the 3rd July under the command of Captain Hengveld the MV Caroline set sail around the English coast to the Irish sea. Reaching a new anchorage in Ramsey Bay in the Isle of Man in the afternoon of 6th July, Radio Caroline North as it was named was soon broadcasting. Its powerful 20Kw transmitter reached much further than just the Isle of Man reaching listeners in the north and midlands of England, Wales, south west Scotland and much of Ireland. Thus complementing the coverage of Radio Caroline South.
First relations between these to become historic stations, based on and off the shore of the Isle of Man, was not cordial. With the Radio Caroline North transmitter outgunning the 50w low power transmitter of Manx Radio, interference was the cause of ill feeling. Radio Caroline North, however, soon became accepted by the Isle of Man Government and the Manx people. As Radio Caroline DJ’s worked to promote the Island's beauty and attractions, dropping in regular reference to the "wonderful" or "beautiful" Isle of Man, thus introducing free promotional activity for the island. These free promotions for the Manx Tourist Board helped boost the Island's tourism industry during the time the station was anchored in Ramsey Bay.
The Island and its people, grateful for this promotion, reciprocated the support in 1967 when the British Government tried to impose legislation on the Manx statute book outlawing Radio Caroline. Some fifty years on, both stations are well established and successful, each unique. Manx Radio: ‘The Nation's Station’ from its state of the art studios on Douglas head and with its talented team bringing news, entertainment and music to the people of the Isle of Man. Radio Caroline - well you are reading this so you probably know what we do.
I met with Manx Radio in 2015 and a project was hatched. It was agreed that we would celebrate 50 years on air by coming together to bring Radio Caroline North back on air for a special long weekend broadcast that started with former Caroline DJ Chris Williams presenting his weekly show, Manx Radio’s Carnaby Street live from the Radio Caroline Radio ship, the Ross Revenge. A series of shows produced by a dedicated and resourceful Radio Caroline team consisting of Steve Silby, Dave Foster, Clive Derek and others then brought the voices, history, stories and music of the original Radio Caroline North era back onto air. Using Manx Radio’s MW transmitters and a dedicated web stream, the listener response was overwhelming; so much so that Manx radio kindly provided their transmitter for a series of special pop up Radio Caroline North broadcasts throughout 2016 and 2017.
Listener response continues to be hugely supportive for these broadcasts and Radio Caroline and myself are grateful to the Manx Radio management for making this possible.

Barry Marsh

Spain: RNE new regional/local schedule

RNE: New REG / LOCAL schedule from 04 Sept 2017

Mo-Fr: UT Summer (+1hr in winter)
R1-R5  05'45-06'00 R
R5     06'30-07'00 L/R(*)
R5     10'25-10'30 R
R1-R5  11'10-12'00 R
R5-R1  13'04-13'08 R
R1-R5  17'10-17'30 R

(*) Every region will decide what to do with this time.
In Castilla y Leon will be local 06'30-06'50 and regional 06'50-0'700.
In Extremadura all will be regional.

Sa-Su:
R5     07'05-07'15
R1-R5  11'30-12'00

(Mauricio Molano, Salamanca-ESP, MWCircle yg via dxld Oct 10)

B17 schedule: Radio France International and Issoudun relays

FRANCE   RFI English to Oct 28 daily 0600-0658 UT on 11905 kHz.
From 29 Oct - 25 March replaced by 9735 kHz.
Saturdays at 0615 UT, Media program "The Sound Kitchen".

RFI Paris / TDF Issoudun relays in B-17, Winter 29-10-17 bis 25-03-18

 3965 0100 0057 27                 1 0   -daily-       Fra RFI TDF DRM
 3995 2200 2300 27,28            100 260 -daily-       Deu MBR MBR X.19
 5905 2000 2100 46N,46SW         500 194 -daily-       Aao TDA TDF
 5905 2100 2200 46N,46SW         500 194 -daily-       Aao TDA TDF
 5905 2200 2300 46N,46SW         500 194 -daily-       Aao TDA TDF
 5925 0600 0700 37W,46W          500 204 -daily- -2402 Fra RFI TDF 17-A
 5940 2000 2100 46E,47N,47SW     500 160 -daily-       Aao TDA TDF
 5940 2100 2200 46E,47N,47SW     500 160 -daily-       Aao TDA TDF
 5950 2000 2100 37-38,46-47      250 180 -daily-       Fra KBS TDF 60
 5960 0300 0500 10,11            500 290 -daily-       Jpn NHK NHK
 5970 1300 1600 27E,28           100 21  7             Mul MBR MBR A.307
 6060 0400 0500 46E,47N,47SW     500 160 -daily-       Aao TDA TDF
 6060 0500 0600 46E,47N,47SW     500 160 -daily-       Aao TDA TDF
 6105 0500 0600 46N,46SW         500 198 -daily-       Aao TDA TDF
 6105 0600 0700 46N,46SW         500 198 -daily-       Aao TDA TDF
 6140 1300 1400 28               100 60  7             Mul MBR MBR X.euger
 6165 0600 0630 37-39            500 140 -daily-       Ara NHK NHK
 6175 0900 1200 27-28SW,37NE     100 153 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF DRM-Tes
 6175 0900 1200 27SW,37NW        100 267 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF DRM-Tes
 6175 1200 1500 27,37NW          150 0   -daily-       Mul RFI TDF DRM-Tes
 7205 2000 2100 37-38W,46-47     500 198 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 49
 7205 2100 2200 28,37-38,46-47   500 198 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 52
 7220 0600 0630 46S              250 200 -daily-       Fra AWR AWR x104
 7220 1700 1800 18-19,28-30,39-40500 55  -daily-       Rus RFI TDF 55 R
 7240 0500 0600 46S,47N,47SW,52NW100 170 -daily-       Mul RMI TDF NIG-Ten
 7295 0500 0559 46E,47N,47SW     500 160 -daily- 2502- Aao TDA TDF D
 7295 0600 0630 46-47SW,52NW     500 170 -daily- -2402 Hau RFI TDF 2-A
 7315 1900 2000 46N,46SW         500 200 -daily-       Aao TDA TDF
 7375 1800 1900 46E,47N,47SW     500 155 -daily-       Aao TDA TDF
 7375 1900 2000 46E,47N,47SW     500 155 -daily-       Aao TDA TDF
 7390 0400 0500 38-39,47-48,52NE 500 130 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 12
 7390 0500 0600 28SW,37-38,46-47 500 160 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 14
 7390 0600 0700 37S,38W,46,47SW  500 185 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 18
 9490 0000 0100 11               150 285 -daily-       Spa RMI TDF
 9490 0100 0200 11               150 285 -daily-       Spa RMI TDF
 9490 0200 0400 11               150 285 -daily-       Spa RMI TDF 101
 9490 0400 0500 11               150 285 17            Spa RMI TDF 102
 9610 1900 2000 46W              100 207 -daily-       Eng RMI TDF
 9620 0600 0630 37-39            500 140 -daily-       Ara NHK NHK
 9635 1900 2000 28,37-38,46-47,52500 175 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 47
 9670 0530 0559 47SE,48S,52E,53W 500 144 -daily- 2502- Swa RFI TDF 10-D
 9680 1900 2000 37,46            500 185 1             Fra RFI TDF R
 9735 0600 0700 37S,38W,46,47SW  500 170 -daily-       Eng RFI TDF 54
 9770 0500 0530 52,57            500 155 -daily-       Eng NHK NHK
 9785 1800 1900 46,47W           500 170 -daily-       Hau DWL DWL
 9790 0400 0500 38-39,47-48,52-53500 140 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 13
 9790 0500 0600 28,37-38,46-48   500 150 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 15
 9790 0600 0700 37W,46W          500 204 -daily- 2502- Fra RFI TDF 17-B
 9790 0700 0800 37W,46W          500 204 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 25
 9790 1900 2000 37S,38W,46,47SW  500 195 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 45
 9790 2000 2100 28SW,37-38,46-47 500 188 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 51
 9790 2100 2200 28SW,37-38,46-47 500 188 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 53
 9800 1700 1759 18-19,28-30,39-40500 55  -daily- 2502- Rus RFI TDF D . R
 9800 1830 1900 46S,47SE         500 170 -daily-       Hau MBR MBR A.316
 9805 0600 0630 46-47SW,52NW     500 170 -daily-       Hau RFI TDF 1
 9810 1800 1900 46-47,52-53NW    500 200 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 40
 9825 2000 2030 46-47SW,52NW     500 170 -daily-       Hau RFI TDF 6
 9850 1930 2000 46SE             250 165 -daily-       Ibo AWR AWR x112
11670 1500 1600 48NW             100 125 347           Mul MBR MBR X.eaer
11700 0400 0459 38-39,47-48,52NE 500 137 -daily- 2502- Fra RFI TDF D
11700 0500 0600 28,37-38,46-48NW 500 160 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 16
11700 0600 0659 38,46-48NW,52    500 150 -daily- 2502- Fra RFI TDF D
11700 0700 0800 37S,38W,46,47SW  500 190 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 24
11730 0530 0600 46,47            500 190 -daily-       Fra NHK NHK
11765 1800 1900 46-47,52-53NW    500 160 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 42
11780 1600 1700 41,42S,43SW      150 82  -daily-       Mul RFI TDF DRM-Tes
11795 1900 2000 46-47,47SW,52NW  100 169 -daily-       Mul RMI TDF
11880 0700 0730 46S              250 170 -daily-       Fra AWR AWR x104
11885 1800 1859 37,46            500 185 1             Fra RFI TDF R-D
11945 1700 1900 52,57            500 155 -daily-       Jpn NHK NHK
11970 1600 1630 47E,48           500 130 37            Mul MBR MBR A.318
11975 0600 0630 37-39            500 140 -daily-       Ara NHK NHK
11995 0600 0630 28,37-38S,46-47  500 170 -daily- 2502- Hau RFI TDF 2-B
11995 1800 1900 46-47,52-53NW    500 175 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 41
11995 1900 2000 38,46-48,52-53,57500 153 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 46
11995 2000 2100 28,37-38S,46-47  500 165 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF AC Tent
11995 2100 2200 28,37-38S,46-47  500 165 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF AC Tent
12015 0600 0630 46S              250 162 -daily-       Fra AWR AWR x104
13660 1800 1900 48SW             250 140 -daily-       Mul MBR MBR X.Ugand
13660 1900 1930 52NW,52S,53W,57N 500 155 -daily-       Por RFI TDF 8
13685 0700 0730 46-47SW,52NW     500 170 -daily-       Hau RFI TDF 3
13685 1700 1800 37-38S,46-47,52  500 165 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 35
13695 0500 0559 37-38S,46-48,52  500 155 -daily- 2502- Fra RFI TDF D
13695 0600 0700 38,46-48,52      500 150 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 19
13695 0700 0800 37S,38W,46,47SW  500 185 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 23
13695 0800 0900 37W,46W          500 204 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 27
13725 1430 1500 40               500 90  -daily-       Fas NHK NHK
13740 0730 0830 46SE,47W         150 170 -daily-       Hau RMI TDF Alterna
13740 1700 1800 37S,38W,46,47SW  500 185 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 37
13740 1800 1859 46,47,52-53NW    500 160 -daily- 2502- Fra RFI TDF D
13740 1900 2000 37-38,46-48,52   500 155 -daily- -2402 Fra RFI TDF 48-A
15130 1900 2100 46-48,52,53      500 152 -daily-       Jpn NHK NHK
15180 1700 1800 48SW,58NW        100 144 7             Kin MBR MBR X.Rwand
15195 1425 1630 46,47W           500 170 7             Hau DWL DWL dw.com/
15200 1300 1400 46,47W           500 165 -daily-       Hau DWL DWL Alterna
15215 1600 1700 4,8,9            500 300 4             Mul MBR MBR A.nusae
15290 0800 1000 46,47            500 190 -daily-       Jpn NHK NHK
15300 0600 0700 38,46S,47,48NW,52500 153 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 20
15300 0700 0800 46S,47SW,52      500 165 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 22
15300 0800 0900 28,36-38,46-47,52500 185 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 28
15300 0900 0959 37S,38W,46,47SW  500 195 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF Tentat
15300 1200 1259 37S,38W,46,47SW  500 195 -daily- 2502- Fra RFI TDF D
15300 1600 1700 37S,38W,46,47SW  500 204 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF Tentat
15300 1700 1730 52NW,52S,53W,57N 500 155 -daily- -2402 Por RFI TDF 7-A
15300 1800 1900 46-47,52-53NW    500 155 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 43
15300 1900 2000 46-48W,52,53W    500 155 -daily- 2502- Fra RFI TDF 48-B
15315 0700 0730 28,37-38,46-47   500 170 -daily-       Hau RFI TDF 4
15360 1700 1730 48E              250 120 17            Mul MBR MBR X.somal
15360 1900 1929 52NW,52S,53W,57N 500 155 -daily- 2502- Por RFI TDF D
15425 1700 1800 48SW             250 140 -daily-       Mul MBR MBR X.Ugand
15440 0730 0830 46SE,47W         150 170 -daily-       Hau RMI TDF
15450 1730 1800 48               100 125 -daily-       Orm RMI TDF RMI
15455 0800 0830 46W              500 198 -daily-       Man RFI TDF 56
17485 1400 1430 41               250 83  1             Mul MBR MBR B.B11
17510 1400 1430 41               250 83  7             Mul MBR MBR A.B11
17510 1430 1515 41               250 83  7             Mul MBR MBR A.B11
17540 1430 1445 41               250 90  1             Mul MBR MBR B.339
17570 1630 1700 48               250 122 -daily-       Som AWR AWR x114
17580 1500 1600 48NW             100 125 347   -301117 Mul MBR MBR X.eaer
17580 1500 1600 48NW             100 125 347   011217- Mul MBR MBR A.eaer
17580 1700 1730 48E              150 120 23456         Mul MBR MBR X.somal
17605 1600 1700 48SW,58NW        100 144 7             Kin MBR MBR X.Rwand
17615 1600 1700 46-47SW,52NW     500 171 -daily-       Hau RFI TDF 5
17620 0800 0859 37S,38W,46,47SW  500 185 -daily- 2502- Fra RFI TDF D
17620 1200 1300 46,47SW          500 201 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 32
17620 1700 1759 28,37-38,46-48,52500 165 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF D
17630 1600 1630 47E,48           500 130 37            Mul MBR MBR X.318
17630 1700 1800 38E,39S,48       100 125 14            Mul MBR MBR X.336
17660 1200 1300 37S,38W,46,47SW  500 185 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 33
17685 1700 1730 52NW,52S,53W,57N 500 155 -daily- 2502- Por RFI TDF 7-B
17765 1600 1700 46SE,47W         150 170 -daily-       Hau RMI TDF
17800 1300 1400 46,47W           500 170 -daily-       Hau DWL DWL
17815 1200 1230 46W              500 198 -daily-       Man RFI TDF 57
17815 1630 1700 48SW             250 140 -daily-       Mul MBR MBR X.Ugand
17840 1425 1630 46,47W           500 172 7             Hau DWL DWL dw.com/
17850 0600 0659 28,37,38W,46,47  500 185 -daily- 2502- Fra RFI TDF D
17850 0700 0800 28,37-38,46-57   500 155 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 21
17850 0800 0900 28,37-38,46-57   500 160 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 29
17850 1700 1800 28,37-38,46-52   500 150 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 38
17850 1800 1859 46-47,52-53NW    500 185 -daily- 2502- Fra RFI TDF D
17870 1700 1800 48SW,52NE,53NE   100 140 7             Mul MBR MBR X.BuCAf
21580 0700 0759 37-38,47,52-57   500 155 -daily- 2502- Fra RFI TDF D
21580 0800 0900 37-38S,46-52     500 155 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 30
21580 1200 1300 39,46-48,52-57   500 155 -daily-       Fra RFI TDF 34
21580 1700 1759 38,46-48,52-53   500 150 -daily- 2502- Fra RFI TDF D
21580 1800 1859 46-47,52-53NW    500 200 -daily- 2502- Fra RFI TDF D
21650 1330 1430 37S,38W,46,47SW  500 271 -daily-       Mul RFI TDF
21690 1500 1600 47-48,52E,53W    500 145 -daily-       Swa RFI TDF 11
21690 1700 1759 28,37-38,46-52N  500 162 -daily- 2502- Fra RFI TDF D

(hfcc B-17 RFI/TDF registration entries, via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews Oct 8)

martedì 17 ottobre 2017

Media & Tech - 17/10/2017

October 17 2017 W4HM Daily Solar Space & Geomagnetic Weather Discussion

Hello to my fellow hamateur radio and SWL radio enthusiasts around the world.

Welcome to my “not for profit” W4HM Daily Solar, Space & Geomagnetic Weather Discussion.

If you find this daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather discussion useful to your hamateur and SWL radio activities, feel free to drop me a line and let me know that at

thomasfgiella@gmail.com .

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather discussion, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and give me credit for it.

Supporting images associated with my daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather discussion can be found in my Facebook account at

https://www.facebook.com/thomasfranklingiellaw4hm

and at

http://lists.contesting.com/mailman/listinfo/spaceweather

but without supporting images.

It's a NO SPAM voluntary "opt" in email type group hosted by contesting on line (COL), so you have to sign up by using an existing email address and creating a password.

And last but not least I also post some snippets of daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather goings on and a few images in my Twitter account at https://twitter.com/GiellaW4hm .

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Published on Tuesday October 17, 2017 at 1530 UTC

Solar Space & Geomagnetic Weather Conditions on Monday October 16, 2017-

Solar activity had been very low.

Earth's geomagnetic field had been at a quiet level.

The three daily solar flux index (SFI) numbers had been 70.6 70.9 70.9.

The official daily sunspot number (SSN) had been at 0.

8 of the last 9 days had seen a daily SSN 0.

In 2017 officially there were

64 days

with a daily sunspot number (SSN) of 0. Considering that solar minimum won't occur for approximately 2 more years, +/- 1 year, daily SSN's of 0 are occurring unusually early.

In 2016 officially there were 32 days with a daily sunspot number (SSN) of 0.

As we move forward towards the next solar minimum between solar cycle #24 and #25 the number of days with a 0 daily SSN will steadily increase. Eventually every day for many, many, many months will see a 0, the big goose egg.

In 2008 I forecasted solar cycle 24 to be the weakest in the past 100 years and that forecast verified. I also forecasted that solar cycle 25 would be virtually nonexistent, similar to the Dalton type solar minimum that occurred in the early 1800's.

Other than sunspot magnetic polarity it will probably be very difficult to determine when solar cycle 24 ended and solar cycle 25 began.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Officially there had been no earth facing sunspot group (SSG).

There had been no returning (recurrent) sunspot group.

There had been no small in size C class solar flare or larger.

There had been no directly earth aimed (geoeffective) coronal mass ejection (CME).

There had been no partially earth aimed coronal mass ejection (CME).

There had been no directly (geoeffective) or partially earth aimed coronal mass ejection (CME) D layer ionosphere involved high latitude energetic proton storm >10 MeV (10+0).

The high latitude absorption via earths over ionized D layer is called polar cap absorption. The mid latitude absorption is caused by energetic electrons and protons spiraling down earth’s magnetic field lines into the equatorial ring current.

There had been no earth aimed solar flare related x-ray day side D layer ionosphere involved solar fade out (SFO).

There had been no directly earth aimed (geoeffective) or partially earth aimed collapsing magnetic filament eruption.

The 24 hour period 3 hour interval planetary K index (Kp) had been at an unsettled to quiet geomagnetic condition of

2 3 2 1 1 1 2 2.

The 24 hour period 3 hour interval Boulder, CO K index had been at an unsettled to quiet geomagnetic condition of

1 3 2 2 2 1 2 1.

The K(p) geomagnetic indices are-

0-2- quiet                                                                                                                                                                                                3- unsettled                                                                                                                                                                                                                 4- active                                                                                                                                                                                                 5- minor geomagnetic storming                                                                                                                                                                     6- moderate                                                                                                                                                                                                           7- strong                                                                                                                                                                                                                   8- severe                                                                                                                                                                                                                9- extreme                                                                                                                                                                                            10- our atmosphere just got cooked off like on Mars and we are all dead.

The 24 hour period maximum and minimum planetary A index (Ap) had ranged between

12 and 4,

which had been at an unsettled to quiet geomagnetic condition.

The Ap geomagnetic indices are-

0-7- quiet                                                                                                                                                                                                           8-15- unsettled                                                                                                                                                                                                      16-29- active                                                                                                                                                                                                           30-49- minor geomagnetic storm                                                                                                                                                                   50-99- major                                                                                                                                                                                                 100-400- severe                                                                                                                                                                                 >401- our atmosphere just got cooked off like on Mars and we are all dead.

The 24 hour period maximum background x-ray flux had been at A5.6.

The 24 hour period maximum southward swing of the vertical component (Bz) of earth's geomagnetic magnetic field had been at approximately



-3 nT south.



The larger the negative value the further south-north that visible aurora can possibly be observed outside of the polar regions.



The 24 hour period maximum and minimum disturbance storm time index (Dst) had ranged between

-26 and -8 nT.

The 24 hour period maximum and minimum solar wind speed ranged had ranged between

560 and 468 km/s.

There was 1 small in size northern hemisphere earth facing coronal hole (CH) #829.

There was 1 recurrent small in size southern hemisphere earth facing coronal hole (CH) #830 (#825).

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GENERAL GUIDELINES CONCERNING CORRELATION OF PROPAGATION INDICES TO ACTUAL HF PROPAGATION CONDITIONS-

NOTE!!! The propagation indices "interpretations" are my personal intellectual property. Therefore the radio wave propagation indices interpretations contained herein is copyrighted © 1988-2017 by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM, all rights reserved. Reproduction of information herein is allowed without permission in advance as long as proper credit is given.

All 14 of the following indices have to occur as described below in order to see the best global high frequency radio wave propagation possible, something that happens rarely.

1.) Dropping geomagnetic field indices numbers are better, Kp of 0 best.

2.) A daily sunspot number of 150 or higher, 200 or higher best.

3.) A daily sunspot number of greater than 100 for routine stable formation of the E Valley/F Layer ducting mechanism.

4.) Previous 24 hour Ap index under 10, fewer than 7 for several days consecutively are best.

5.) Previous 3 hours Kp index fewer than 3 for mid latitude paths, fewer than 2 for high latitude paths, 0 for several days consecutively is best.

6.) Energetic protons no greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

7.) Background x-ray flux levels greater than B1 for several days consecutively, greater than C1 best.

8.) No current STRATWARM alert.

9.) Interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) Bz with a (positive number) sign, indicates a lesser chance of high latitude path aurora absorption/unpredictable refraction or scattering of medium frequency RF signals, when the Kp is above 3.

10.) A -10 or better towards a positive number Dst index during the recovery time after a geomagnetic storm, as related to the equatorial ring current. A positive number is best.

11.) Rising positive T index number. The T Index tracks with the F2 layer critical frequency (foF2) and sunspot number (SSN) and indicates the capability of the F2 layer to refract RF signals.

12.) Galactic cosmic rays decrease to -3 units below zero and trending towards zero.

13.) Energetic electron flux levels no greater than 2 MeV (2+0).

14. A solar wind speed of less than 300 km/s for several days consecutively.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Standard Disclaimer-

Note! I use error prone RAW public domain data from the NOAA Space Environment Center, other U.S. government entities, educational institutions and some private individuals, to produce my daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather discussion. This data is gathered and made public by the U.S. Government using taxpayer $$$ (including mine).

However this daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather discussion that I produce from the RAW public domain data is my personal intellectual property. Therefore this daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather discussion contained herein is copyrighted © 1988-2017 by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM.

October 17 2017 W4HM Daily Solar Space & Geomagnetic Weather Discussion

Hello to my fellow hamateur radio and SWL radio enthusiasts around the world.

Welcome to my “not for profit” W4HM Daily Solar, Space & Geomagnetic Weather Discussion.

If you find this daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather discussion useful to your hamateur and SWL radio activities, feel free to drop me a line and let me know that at

thomasfgiella@gmail.com .

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather discussion, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and give me credit for it.

Supporting images associated with my daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather discussion can be found in my Facebook account at

https://www.facebook.com/thomasfranklingiellaw4hm

and at

http://lists.contesting.com/mailman/listinfo/spaceweather

but without supporting images.

It's a NO SPAM voluntary "opt" in email type group hosted by contesting on line (COL), so you have to sign up by using an existing email address and creating a password.

And last but not least I also post some snippets of daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather goings on and a few images in my Twitter account at https://twitter.com/GiellaW4hm .

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Published on Tuesday October 17, 2017 at 1530 UTC

Solar Space & Geomagnetic Weather Conditions on Monday October 16, 2017-

Solar activity had been very low.

Earth's geomagnetic field had been at a quiet level.

The three daily solar flux index (SFI) numbers had been 70.6 70.9 70.9.

The official daily sunspot number (SSN) had been at 0.

8 of the last 9 days had seen a daily SSN 0.

In 2017 officially there were

64 days

with a daily sunspot number (SSN) of 0. Considering that solar minimum won't occur for approximately 2 more years, +/- 1 year, daily SSN's of 0 are occurring unusually early.

In 2016 officially there were 32 days with a daily sunspot number (SSN) of 0.

As we move forward towards the next solar minimum between solar cycle #24 and #25 the number of days with a 0 daily SSN will steadily increase. Eventually every day for many, many, many months will see a 0, the big goose egg.

In 2008 I forecasted solar cycle 24 to be the weakest in the past 100 years and that forecast verified. I also forecasted that solar cycle 25 would be virtually nonexistent, similar to the Dalton type solar minimum that occurred in the early 1800's.

Other than sunspot magnetic polarity it will probably be very difficult to determine when solar cycle 24 ended and solar cycle 25 began.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Officially there had been no earth facing sunspot group (SSG).

There had been no returning (recurrent) sunspot group.

There had been no small in size C class solar flare or larger.

There had been no directly earth aimed (geoeffective) coronal mass ejection (CME).

There had been no partially earth aimed coronal mass ejection (CME).

There had been no directly (geoeffective) or partially earth aimed coronal mass ejection (CME) D layer ionosphere involved high latitude energetic proton storm >10 MeV (10+0).

The high latitude absorption via earths over ionized D layer is called polar cap absorption. The mid latitude absorption is caused by energetic electrons and protons spiraling down earth’s magnetic field lines into the equatorial ring current.

There had been no earth aimed solar flare related x-ray day side D layer ionosphere involved solar fade out (SFO).

There had been no directly earth aimed (geoeffective) or partially earth aimed collapsing magnetic filament eruption.

The 24 hour period 3 hour interval planetary K index (Kp) had been at an unsettled to quiet geomagnetic condition of

2 3 2 1 1 1 2 2.

The 24 hour period 3 hour interval Boulder, CO K index had been at an unsettled to quiet geomagnetic condition of

1 3 2 2 2 1 2 1.

The K(p) geomagnetic indices are-

0-2- quiet                                                                                                                                                                                                3- unsettled                                                                                                                                                                                                                 4- active                                                                                                                                                                                                 5- minor geomagnetic storming                                                                                                                                                                     6- moderate                                                                                                                                                                                                           7- strong                                                                                                                                                                                                                   8- severe                                                                                                                                                                                                                9- extreme                                                                                                                                                                                            10- our atmosphere just got cooked off like on Mars and we are all dead.

The 24 hour period maximum and minimum planetary A index (Ap) had ranged between

12 and 4,

which had been at an unsettled to quiet geomagnetic condition.

The Ap geomagnetic indices are-

0-7- quiet                                                                                                                                                                                                           8-15- unsettled                                                                                                                                                                                                      16-29- active                                                                                                                                                                                                           30-49- minor geomagnetic storm                                                                                                                                                                   50-99- major                                                                                                                                                                                                 100-400- severe                                                                                                                                                                                 >401- our atmosphere just got cooked off like on Mars and we are all dead.

The 24 hour period maximum background x-ray flux had been at A5.6.

The 24 hour period maximum southward swing of the vertical component (Bz) of earth's geomagnetic magnetic field had been at approximately



-3 nT south.



The larger the negative value the further south-north that visible aurora can possibly be observed outside of the polar regions.



The 24 hour period maximum and minimum disturbance storm time index (Dst) had ranged between

-26 and -8 nT.

The 24 hour period maximum and minimum solar wind speed ranged had ranged between

560 and 468 km/s.

There was 1 small in size northern hemisphere earth facing coronal hole (CH) #829.

There was 1 recurrent small in size southern hemisphere earth facing coronal hole (CH) #830 (#825).

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

GENERAL GUIDELINES CONCERNING CORRELATION OF PROPAGATION INDICES TO ACTUAL HF PROPAGATION CONDITIONS-

NOTE!!! The propagation indices "interpretations" are my personal intellectual property. Therefore the radio wave propagation indices interpretations contained herein is copyrighted © 1988-2017 by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM, all rights reserved. Reproduction of information herein is allowed without permission in advance as long as proper credit is given.

All 14 of the following indices have to occur as described below in order to see the best global high frequency radio wave propagation possible, something that happens rarely.

1.) Dropping geomagnetic field indices numbers are better, Kp of 0 best.

2.) A daily sunspot number of 150 or higher, 200 or higher best.

3.) A daily sunspot number of greater than 100 for routine stable formation of the E Valley/F Layer ducting mechanism.

4.) Previous 24 hour Ap index under 10, fewer than 7 for several days consecutively are best.

5.) Previous 3 hours Kp index fewer than 3 for mid latitude paths, fewer than 2 for high latitude paths, 0 for several days consecutively is best.

6.) Energetic protons no greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

7.) Background x-ray flux levels greater than B1 for several days consecutively, greater than C1 best.

8.) No current STRATWARM alert.

9.) Interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) Bz with a (positive number) sign, indicates a lesser chance of high latitude path aurora absorption/unpredictable refraction or scattering of medium frequency RF signals, when the Kp is above 3.

10.) A -10 or better towards a positive number Dst index during the recovery time after a geomagnetic storm, as related to the equatorial ring current. A positive number is best.

11.) Rising positive T index number. The T Index tracks with the F2 layer critical frequency (foF2) and sunspot number (SSN) and indicates the capability of the F2 layer to refract RF signals.

12.) Galactic cosmic rays decrease to -3 units below zero and trending towards zero.

13.) Energetic electron flux levels no greater than 2 MeV (2+0).

14. A solar wind speed of less than 300 km/s for several days consecutively.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Standard Disclaimer-

Note! I use error prone RAW public domain data from the NOAA Space Environment Center, other U.S. government entities, educational institutions and some private individuals, to produce my daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather discussion. This data is gathered and made public by the U.S. Government using taxpayer $$$ (including mine).

However this daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather discussion that I produce from the RAW public domain data is my personal intellectual property. Therefore this daily solar, space and geomagnetic weather discussion contained herein is copyrighted © 1988-2017 by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM.