giovedì 13 dicembre 2018

Glenn Hauser logs December 12-13, 2018

** CUBA. 12000, Dec 12 at 0657, JBA music // 6000, i.e. RHC English X 2. Something`s always wrong at RHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 13764 & 13636, Dec 12 at 1506, RHC-FM spurs out of 13700-AM; also further pairs weaker outwards, all approx. circa 64 kHz multiples: 13833 & 13572; 13897 & 13505; 13438-trace. At 1540 the closest peak is now about 13769, still VG S9+10. Something`s always wrong at RHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 5040, Dec 13 at 0133, RHC is S9+10/20 of dead air instead of scheduled French. Toujours, quelque chose erroné à RHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 6165 undermod // 6000 moremod, Dec 13 at 0134, RHC English already running presumably from 0100 contrary to *0200 wintersked. You never know what the configuration will be later: at 0526: 6000 & 6165 English, 6060 off, 6100 & 5040 & 11840 Spanish; 12000 JBA carrier; 11700 VP algo.

At 0627: 12000 JBA carrier; 6100 poor now in English; 6165 better, 6000 S9+20, 5040 all in English; and 6060 is still off. Something`s always wrong at RHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 13780, Dec 13 at 1429, RHC open carrier/dead air at S9+10 but flanked by a panoply of raspy spur peaks approx. plus and minus 3 kHz multiples between 13753 and 13802. No FM spurs out of 13700 at this time. Something`s always wrong at RHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** OKLAHOMA [and non]. 800, Dec 13 at 1407 UT, KQCV OKC is off! I hear an ID in passing sounding like ``WBUL``; the closest fuzzy match in the NRC AM Log is WVAL, Sauk Rapids MN, 2600/850 watts U4. Credible, since 830 WCCO is still in. No sign of XEROK on 800 either. 

Trying to pull more of WVAL or somethings in absence of KQCV, but it cuts on at *1415 JIP gospel huxter, as if 1415 were its proper sunrise in December, which is really 1330 UT (Jan: 1345 UT) --- but KQCV is semi-local here day & night, 2500/1000, psra 38 watts (what`s the point of a psra much lower than your night power?) IIRC, KQCV`s pattern is out of whack with an STA (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** TURKEY. 11815.717, Dec 12 at 1543, VOT in Turkish talk, S5-S8 (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A [and non]. WORLD OF RADIO 1960 monitoring: confirmed Wed Dec 12 at 1055 the 1030 on WRMI 5950, fair. Also confirmed, Wed Dec 12 from 2200:01, S9-S7 on WRMI 9955 following IS & ID loop; same time on WBCQ 7490.09v, S9+10/S9. Next:

0930 UT Friday    Unique  5045 low-power NSW Australia
0729 UT Saturday  HLR     6190-CUSB Germany to WSW
0930 UT Saturday  Unique  5045 low-power NSW Australia [alt.; Dec 22]
1200 UT Saturday  Unique *9265 via WINB to WSW
1531 UT Saturday  HLR     9485-CUSB Germany to WSW
1700 UT Saturday  WRN    *5950 via WRMI to WNW [unconfirmed]
2030vUT Saturday  WA0RCR  1860-AM non-direxional
0400vUT Sunday    WA0RCR  1860-AM [nominal 0415], ND
0830 UT Sunday    WRMI    5850 to NW, 5950 to WNW, 7730 to WNW 
1130 UT Sunday    HLR     7265-CUSB Germany to WSW
2130 UT Sunday    WRMI    7780 to NE
0230 UT Monday    WRMI    5950 to WNW, 9395 to NNW
0400vUT Monday    WBCQ   *5130v Area 51 to WSW
0430 UT Monday    WRMI   *9955 to SSE
0930 UT Monday    Unique  5045 low-power NSW Australia
* also webcast; direct linx to these and many others at:

Complete updated WOR sked, all affiliates, satellite, webcast, AM&FM:
http://www.worldofradio.com/radioskd.html
(Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 9455, Dec 12 at 2100, WRMI with Supreme Master TV on extended sked, discussing first-nations regalia, S9-S6. Sked grid shows this and 7570 both new and extension of 15770:
11-14  7570 at 315 degrees
14-20 15770 at  44 degrees (ex-87; so much for sub-Saharan Africa)
21-24  9455 at 160 degrees
But no longer on 9395 at 23-24 M-F or 5950 at 00-01 
(Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 5830, Dec 13 at 1510, hearing nothing on 9475, I check here to find WTWW-1 still on night frequency with PPPP. But no WTWW-2 Xmasmx on 5085, which had been on late into the night (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

UNIDENTIFIED. 5009.673, Dec 13 at 1512, JBA carrier, maybe trace of music. Has Madagascar varied down to here, by long path, or am I chasing a phantom? (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

UNIDENTIFIED. 11820-11840, Dec 13 at 1435, rapid clicking like OTH radar (not DRM). Which reminds me, it`s been a very long time since I have heard any such OTHR inband or outband (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

This report dispatched at 1729 UT December 13

Media & Tech - 13/12/2018

W4HM Daily HF/MF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast #2018-348

>>>>>Just an FYI! I have once again begun producing a daily (MF) medium
>>>>>frequency radio wave propagation forecast in unison with the HF one.
>>>>>The MF forecast follows the HF forecast.<<<<<

Greetings to my fellow hamateur radio and SWL radio enthusiasts around the
world.

Welcome to my “not for profit” daily W4HM Daily HF/MF Radio Wave Propagation
Forecast.

It’s the only accurate daily global HF/MF radio wave propagation forecast
produced on the planet.

I'm a heliophysicist, terrestrial/troposphere meteorologist/climatologist,
physical oceanographer and one of the few on the planet with advanced
education and forecast experience in all aforementioned disciplines. In
terrestrial/troposphere weather forecasting I have 45 years of experience
and in solar, space and geomagnetic weather forecasting 34 years.

This is created and disseminated by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM in Lakeland, FL,
USA © 1988-2018.

If you find this daily HF/MF radio wave propagation forecast useful to your
hamateur and SWL radio activities, feel free to drop me a line and let me
know that at

thomasfgiella@gmail.com

I enjoy hearing from likeminded fellow radio enthusiasts.

Hams and SWLs that are interested in solar, space & geomagnetic weather as
well as radio wave propagation are a special group of people interested in
broadening their knowledge in science.

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily HF/MF radio
wave
propagation forecast, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and
give me credit for it.

Supporting images associated with this daily HF/MF radio wave propagation
forecast can be found in my Facebook account at

https://www.facebook.com/thomasfranklingiellaw4hm

and in my Twitter account at

https://twitter.com/GiellaW4hm

Last but not least here is my new HF/MF radio wave propagation web page
where you can sign up to receive this daily HF/MF radio wave propagation
forecast via email.

It's a NO SPAM voluntary "opt" in email type group hosted by Groups.io, so
you have to sign up by using an existing email address and creating a
password.

https://groups.io/g/w4hmradiowavepropagationforecast

>>>>>W4HM Solar Cycle 24 Update and Solar Cycle 25 Forecast- Short and to
>>>>>the point.

Solar minimum may begin later this year and may last longer than any
previous solar cycle in the 20th century. When solar cycle 25 finally gets
underway it could be the weakest since the middle of the 19th century.
Another Dalton type lesser grand solar minimum may occur with a
corresponding cooling of earth’s climate. This would negate anthropogenic
climate change if it were occurring which it isn’t.

On February 1, 2008 I forecasted that solar cycle 24 would be the smallest
solar cycle in the past 100 years. That forecast verified. I also forecasted
that solar cycle 25 would be almost non nonexistent.<<<<<

#348 Issued Thursday December 13, 2018 at 1600 UTC

Important Solar, Space & Geomagnetic Weather Indices-

Solar activity was very low.

The daily solar flux index numbers (DSFI) were

71.3 70.8 70.7.

There had been 8 consecutive days with a 2000 UTC daily solar flux index
number (SFI) of 70 or above.

The official daily sunspot number (DSSN) was 0.

There had been 1 day with an official sunspot number (DSSN) of 0.

In 2018 there had been 205 days with an official daily sunspot number (DSSN)
of 0.
There had been one sunspot group numbered 12730 located near N08E03 with a
simple alpha magnetic signature capable of releasing a very small B class
solar flare.

The 24 hour period 3 hour interval planetary K index (Kp) had been at a
quiet geomagnetic condition of

2 1 1 1 0 1 2 1.

The 24 hour period planetary A index (Ap) maximum and minimum values ranged
between

6 & 2,

which had been at a quiet geomagnetic condition.

The 24 hour period maximum and minimum Disturbance Storm Time Index (Dst)
ranged between

-14 & -2 nT.

The 24 hour period maximum and minimum solar wind speed was 458 & 350 km/s.

>>>>>GLOBAL (HF) HIGH FREQUENCY (3000-30000 KHZ) RADIO WAVE PROPAGATION
>>>>>CONDITIONS EXPECTED-<<<<<

HF/MF radio wave propagation condition “trend” on Dec 13, 2018- steady.

HF/MF radio wave propagation condition “trend” on Dec 14, 2018- steady.

HF/MF radio wave propagation condition “trend” on Dec 15, 2018- steady.

Northern Hemisphere HF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast b-

>>>>>We are now in the winter season northern hemisphere HF/MF radio wave
>>>>>propagation season.

The approximate 11000- 30000 kHz frequency range closes sooner due to less
sun light illuminating the ionosphere than in the southern hemisphere. But
the maximum usable frequency (MUF) is higher than in the southern hemisphere
as the F layer of the ionosphere is lower in height and the ions more
concentrated.

The approximately 3000-10000 kHz frequency range often stays open for DX all
throughout the day due to a weaker D and E layer and therefore less RF
signal absorption.<<<<<

3150-3400, 3500-4100, 4750-5050, 5700-6300 kHz- S9 +1 to 9 at night and S1-3
at day,

6900-7800, 9200-9995, 10000-10150, 11500-12200 kHz- S9+ 1 to 9 at night and
S4-7 at day,

13570-13850, 14000-14350, 15005-15900, 17450-17950, 18068-18168 kHz- S0 at
night and S3-4 at day,

21000-21850 kHz- S0 at night and S1-2 at day,

24890-24990, 25600-26100 kHz- S0 at night and S1 at day,

28000-29700 kHz- S0 at night and S0 at day.

Southern Hemisphere HF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast b-

We are now in the summer season southern hemisphere HF/MF radio wave
propagation season.

The 14000- 30000 kHz frequency range closes later due to more sun light
illuminating the ionosphere than in the southern hemisphere. But the maximum
usable frequency (MUF) is lower than in the southern hemisphere as heating
in the F2 layer of the ionosphere is higher and the layer ions less
concentrated.

Almost daily during the northern hemisphere summer season you will find that
the 25600- 26100 kHz and 28000-29700 kHz frequency ranges will open via
short north-south and east-west propagation paths via sporadic E (Es). Also
when multiple sporadic E (Es) clouds form and line up favorably much longer
propagation paths open up on east-west paths. And last but not least
north-south propagation paths occur across the equator via trans equatorial
propagation (TEP).

3150-3400, 3500-4100, 4750-5050, 5700-6300 kHz- S9 +1 to 9 at night and S1-3
at day,

6900-7800, 9200-9995, 10000-10150, 11500-12200 kHz- S9+ 1 to 9 at night and
S4-7 at day,

13570-13850, 14000-14350, 15005-15900, 17450-17950, 18068-18168 kHz- S0 at
night and S3-4 at day,

21000-21850 kHz- S0 at night and S1-2 at day,

24890-24990, 25600-26100 kHz- S0 at night and S1 at day,

28000-29700 kHz- S0 at night and S0 at day.

>>>>>GLOBAL (MF) MEDIUM FREQUENCY (300-3000 KHZ) RADIO WAVE PROPAGATION
>>>>>CONDITIONS EXPECTED-<<<<<

FORECASTED NORTHERN HEMISPHERE SHORT PATH-
-East <-> West To 1100 Mi /1800 km     S9
*North <-> South To 1100 Mi /1800 km    S7-9
+South <-> North To 1100 Mi /1800 km    S5-7

FORECASTED SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE SHORT PATH-
-East <-> West To 1100 Mi / 1800 km    S9
*South <-> North To 1100 Mi /1800 km    S7-9
+North <-> South To 1100 Mi / 1800 km    S5-7

FORECASTED GREAT CIRCLE LONG OR SKEWED PATH-
Northern Hemisphere (TA) Trans Atlantic, (TI) Trans Indian, (TP) Trans
Pacific and cross Equatorial propagation conditions in excess of
approximately 3200 mi / 5200 km-

High Latitude    S5-7
Mid Latitude    S7-9
Low latitude    S4-6

FORECASTED GREAT CIRCLE LONG OR SKEWED PATH-
Southern Hemisphere (TA) Trans Atlantic, (TI) Trans Indian, (TP) Trans
Pacific and cross Equatorial propagation conditions in excess of
approximately 3200 mi / 5200 km-

High Latitude    S5-7
Mid Latitude    S7-9
Low latitude    S4-6

This HF/MF Radio wave propagation forecast is produced based on the
SIGINT_CAP HF/MF radio wave propagation prediction software.
I wrote it beginning in the late 1980’s but I’m sorry to say that it still
can’t
be distributed to the general public. It does outperform VOA CAP and
PropLab.
I do check the actual band conditions at my location in the USA and tweak
the forecast manually where and when necessary.

I also check global HF/MF radio wave propagation conditions via remoted
radio
receivers on every continent of the globe and tweak the forecast manually if
and when necessary.

And last but not least I look at ionsonde stations on every continent of the
globe.

The hamateur radio JT65A mode RF signal levels received are based on 5 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio PSK31 mode RF signal levels received are based on 25
watts and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio CW mode RF signal levels received are based on 50 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio SSB RF mode signal levels received are based on 100 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The HF shortwave broadcast band AM Mode RF signal levels are based on
100,000 watts (100 kw) and a typical high gain VOA type curtain array
antenna.

The MF broadcast band AM Mode RF signal levels are based on 50,000 watts (50
kw) and an omnidirectional vertical antenna.

Please keep in mind that this is a relatively simplified HF/MF radio wave
propagation forecast, so as to keep it easily understandable and applicable
by the average radio enthusiast.

>>>>>THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION IS EDUCATIONAL MATERIAL ON SOLAR SPACE,
>>>>>GEOMAGNETIC WEATHER OBSERVING AND FORECASTING AS WELL AS GOINGS ON IN
>>>>>EARTH’S IONOSPHERE.<<<<<

Globally HF/MF radio wave propagation conditions are most evenly balanced
during the fall and spring equinoxes and most diametrically opposed during
the summer and winter solstices.

Conditions change daily, weekly, monthly, yearly and by decade, as the
sun rises and sets at different times and at different angles from the
ecliptic, as well as by radio wave frequency. This is due to changes in the
maximum usable frequency (MUF), lowest usable frequency (LUF) and F layer
critical frequency (FoF2). Also by propagation path.

The D and E layers also come into play through RF radio wave signal
absorption and refraction. And then there is sporadic E (Es) radio wave
propagation that can really throw a wrench into the gears so to speak.

Things like sporadic E (Es) radio wave propagation and lightning storm
static can impact HF radio wave propagation in an unpredictable manner and
mostly bad.

Ongoing solar, space and geomagnetic weather goings on also impact HF radio.

Lower high frequency (80-30 meters) propagation conditions are impacted in a
negative manner not so much by variations in the maximum usable frequency
(MUF) along a particular propagation path and time but rather due to
geomagnetic elevated geomagnetic conditions (Kp-3-4), storms (Kp-5 &
greater) that increase signal absorption via the E layer (the altitude of
the radio aurora). Also increases in the lowest usable frequency (LUF) via D
layer RF signal absorption due to hard x-rays, galactic cosmic waves,
elevated background solar flux levels greater than B0 and energetic proton
flux levels at energies greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

Higher frequency (20-10 meters) propagation conditions are impacted in a
negative manner by variations in the maximum usable frequency (MUF) along a
particular propagation path and time due to the current sunspot number and
also due to elevated geomagnetic conditions (Kp-3-4), storms of Kp-5 &
greater. Also D layer RF signal absorption due to elevated (greater than B0)
background solar flux levels. Also to a lesser extent elevated proton flux
at energies greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

>>>>>GENERAL GUIDELINES CONCERNING CORRELATION OF PROPAGATION INDICES TO
>>>>>ACTUAL HF PROPAGATION CONDITIONS-<<<<<

NOTE!!! The propagation indices "interpretations" are my personal
intellectual property. Therefore the HF radio wave propagation indices
interpretations contained herein is copyrighted © 1988-2018 by Thomas F.
Giella, W4HM, all rights reserved. Reproduction of information herein is
allowed without permission in advance as long as proper credit is given.

All 14 of the following indices have to occur as described below in order to
see the best global high frequency (HF) radio wave propagation possible,
something that happens only rarely.

1.) Dropping geomagnetic field indices numbers are better, Kp of 0 best.

2.) A daily sunspot number of 150 or higher, 200 or higher best.

3.) A daily sunspot number of greater than 100 for routine stable formation
of the E Valley/F Layer ducting mechanism.

4.) Previous 24 hour Ap index under 10, fewer than 7 for several days
consecutively are best.

5.) Previous 3 hours Kp index fewer than 3 for mid latitude paths, fewer
than 2 for high latitude paths, 0 for several days consecutively is best.

6.) Energetic protons no greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

7.) Background x-ray flux levels greater than B1 for several days
consecutively, greater than C1 best.

8.) No current STRATWARM alert.

9.) Interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) Bz with a (positive number) sign,
indicates a lesser chance of high latitude path aurora
absorption/unpredictable refraction or scattering of medium frequency RF
signals, when the Kp is above 3.

10.) A -10 or better towards a positive number Dst index during the recovery
time after a geomagnetic storm, as related to the equatorial ring current. A
positive number is best.

>>>>>GENERAL GUIDELINES CONCERNING CORRELATION OF PROPAGATION INDICES TO
>>>>>ACTUAL MF PROPAGATION CONDITIONS-<<<<<

Medium frequency (300-3000 khz) radio wave propagation conditions are
impacted in a negative manner not by variations in the maximum usable
frequency (MUF) along a particular propagation path and time but rather due
to energetic electron flux levels at energies greater than 2 MeV (2+1),
geomagnetic disturbances (Kp-3-4) and geomagnetic storms (Kp-5 & >) that
increase signal absorption via the E layer (the general altitude of the
radio aurora). Also increases in the lowest usable frequency (LUF) via D
layer signal absorption due to elevated background solar flux levels greater
than A0, proton flux levels at energies greater than 10 MeV (10+0), hard
x-rays and galactic cosmic rays.

There is also the issue of magneto ionic power coupling. Antenna
polarization plays a large role in the success of a long haul MF DX contact.
As a MF RF signal traverses Earth's magnetic lines of force in a
perpendicular manner on high and mid latitude paths say between W3 land and
SM, higher angle horizontally polarized signals are more readily absorbed
than lower angle vertically polarized signals.\

On other propagation paths on the globe opposite results can be found, i.e.,
horizontally polarized signals suffer less absorption on a propagation path
between VK6 and W6 or S9 and W4.
Unfortunately the simplest way to look at medium frequencies with respect to
radio wave propagation conditions is to accept the fact that propagation is
poor the majority of the time, especially past approximately 1250 miles (one
maximum distance refraction off of the E layer), with occasional short-lived
good periods as far as 3200 miles.

All 13 of the following indices have to occur as described below in order to
see the best global medium frequency (MF) radio wave propagation possible.

The simplest way to look at medium frequencies (MF) with respect to radio
wave propagation conditions is to accept the fact that propagation is poor
the majority of the time, especially past approximately 1250 miles (one
refraction off of the E layer), with occasional short-lived good periods as
far as 3200 miles.

1.) Dropping geomagnetic field indices numbers are better, Kp of 0 best.

2.) A daily sunspot number under 100, under 70 best.

3.) A daily sunspot number no higher then the 100 for routine stable
formation of the E Valley/F Layer ducting mechanism.

4.) Previous 24 hour Ap index under 10, fewer than 7 for several days
consecutively are best.

5.) Previous 3 hours Kp index fewer than 3 for mid latitude paths, fewer
than 2 for high latitude paths, 0 for several days consecutively is best.

6.) Energetic proton flux levels no greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

7.) Background x-ray flux levels of A0 for several days consecutively.

8.) No current STRATWARM alert.

9.) Interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) Bz with a (positive number) sign,
indicates a lesser chance of high latitude path aurora
absorption/unpredictable refraction or scattering of medium frequency RF
signals, when the Kp is above 3.

10.) A -10 or better towards a positive number Dst index during the recovery
time after a geomagnetic storm, as related to the equatorial ring current. A
positive number is best.

11.) Galactic cosmic rays decrease to -3 units below zero and trending
towards zero.

12.) Energetic electron flux levels no greater than 2 MeV (2+0).

13. A solar wind speed of less than 300 km/s for several days consecutively.


Standard Disclaimer-

Note! I use error prone RAW public domain data from the NOAA Space
Environment Center, other U.S. government entities and educational
institutions, to produce this daily HF/MF radio wave propagation
forecast. This data is gathered and made public by the U.S. Government using
taxpayer $$$ (including mine).

However this daily HF/MF propagation forecast that I produce from the RAW
public domain data is my personal intellectual property. Therefore this
daily HF/MF radio wave propagation forecast contained herein is copyrighted
©
1988-2018 by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM.

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily HF/MF radio
wave
propagation forecast, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and
give me credit for it.

Also HF/MF radio wave propagation forecasting is still an inexact
science and therefore also an art. The forecasts are not official but for
educational and hobby related purposes only and are subject to human error
and acts of God, therefore no guarantee or warranty implied.

SWLDXBulgaria News, Dec.12

AUSTRIA(non)   Some special programmes over Christmas via Moosbrunn on Dec.26
https://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com/2018/12/some-special-programmes-over-christmas.html

GERMANY(non)   Special programmes of Atlantic 2000 Int via Channel 292:
https://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com/2018/12/special-programmes-of-atlantic-2000-int.html

GERMANY(non)   Special programmes of Swedish DX Fedaration via Channel 292
https://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com/2018/12/special-programmes-of-swedish-dx.html

GERMANY(non)   Special programmes of Radio Waves Inter via Channel 292:
https://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com/2018/12/special-programmes-of-radio-waves-inter.html

GERMANY(non)   NDR Christmas Gruß an Bord via MBR on Dec.24:
https://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com/2018/12/ndr-christmas-gru-bord-via-mbr-on-dec24.html

ROMANIA(non)   Frequency change of NEXUS IRRS EGR/UNRadio via Radiocom from Dec.7
https://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com/2018/12/frequency-change-of-irrs-egrunradio-via.html

SECRETLAND(non)   Uncle Bill's Rockless New Year's Eve via Secretbrod
https://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com/2018/12/uncle-bills-rockless-new-years-eve-via.html

USA   New updated schedule of Supreme Master TV via WRMI from Dec.12
https://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com/2018/12/updated-schedule-of-supreme-master-tv_13.html


--

73! Ivo Ivanov
More information on the shortwave listening hobby,
please visit to http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com

QTH-1: Patreshko, Bulgaria
Receiver: Afedri SDR
Software: SDR-Console v2.3(using remote connection)
Antennas: various Inverted V and beverage antennas.

QTH-2: Sofia OK2, Bulgaria
Receiver: Sony ICF-2001D
Antenna: 30 m. long wire

Agenda DX 13/12/2018

ANNIVERSARIO EMITTENTI
WDEA, Maine 1370 Khz (1958)
CFYK, New Territory, Canada 1340 Khz (1958)

mercoledì 12 dicembre 2018

Govora - turismo balneare di livello europeo, nuovo concorso a premi di RRI

Radio Romania Internazionale bandisce il nuovo concorso a premi "Govora - turismo balneare di livello europeo".

1. Organizzatore
La Società Romena di Radiodiffusione, con sede a Bucarest, str. General Berthelot nr. 60-64, codice fiscale RO8296093, bandisce un concorso a premi intitolato"Govora - turismo balneare di livello europeo", attraverso Radio Romania Internazionale (RRI).

L'Organizzatore si riserva il diritto di modificare il concetto e il formato del concorso ogni volta lo riterrà necessario, oppure di interrompere il concorso in qualsiasi momento lungo il suo svolgimento, informando il pubblico sulle modifiche apportate, prima della loro entrata in vigore, tramite la pubblicazione sul sito www.rri.ro, nonchè tramite annunci mandati in onda da Radio Romania Internazionale.

2. Periodo di svolgimento 1 dicembre 2018 - 28 febbraio 2019, bollo bostale attestante (rispettivamente 28 febbraio 2019 ore 24.00, ora della Romania), in tutte le lingue in cui trasmette RRI.

3. Diritto e condizioni di partecipazione
Il concorso si rivolge a tutte le persone fisiche che hanno compiuto i 18 anni entro il 1 dicembre 2018 compreso. Non hanno il diritto di parteciparvi i dipendenti, i collaboratori a contratto dei Partner e gli affini fino al secondo grado di coloro che lavorano o collaborano con la Società Romena di Radiodiffusione.

4. Concetto
a)Il concorso si svolge nel periodo 1 dicembre 2018 - 28 febbraio 2019, in tutte le lingue in cui trasmette RRI.
b)Un ascoltatore o utente può vincere un unico premio.
c)Le domande del concorso saranno trasmesse periodicamente nei programmi di RRI e pubblicate sul sito di RRI, www.rri.ro, e sui profili social media RRI (Facebook, Google+, LinkedIn).
d)I partecipanti dovranno rispondere per iscritto a tutte le domande del concorso, tramite qualsiasi mezzo: via e-mail, agli indirizzi pubblicati sul sito della Sezione al quale viene inviata la risposta, sul profilo di Facebook della Sezione, per posta, all'indirizzo Radio Romania Internazionale, str. General Berthelot nr.60-64, rione 1, Bucarest, PO Box 111, CAP 010165, sui profili Google+ o LinkedIn o al fax 0040 21 319.05.62. Incoraggiamo i partecipanti a scrivere anche per quale motivo hanno deciso di partecipare al concorso e, soprattutto, perchè ascoltano i programmi di RRI o seguono l'attività di RRI nell'ambiente online.
e)Le risposte dello stesso ascoltatore o utente inviate a più Sezioni di RRI saranno tenute in considerazione solo per la prima Sezione alla quale sono state spedite.
f)Il premio consisterà in viaggi in Romania oppure in oggetti di promozione culturale (ad esempio CD, album, brochure, DVD); non è possibile sollecitare o concedere il suo controvalore in denaro.

5. Convalida vincitori e ricevimento premi
a)L'ascoltatore o l'utente che partecipa al concorso è gentilmente pregato di trasmettere a RRI, via lettera o e-mail, i dati completi di identificazione e l'indirizzo di corrispondenza (e di domicilio, se diversa), per poter entrare in possesso di un eventuale premio.
b)All'assegnazione dei premi si qualificano solo le risposte corrette e complete, spedite entro la scadenza.
c)Le spese di trasporto internazionale per l'arrivo in Romania sono a carico dei vincitori dei Grandi Premi (viaggi in Romania), come anche il visto d'ingresso in Romania, se necessario. I premi in oggetti verranno inviati per posta, con le spese a carico di RRI, entro i limiti stanziati dal bilancio di stato, il prima possibile.
d)Al ricevimento dei premi, i vincitori non potranno rifiutare o rimandare indietro al mittente il pacco se non per motivi obiettivi, giustificati per iscritto, per non generare costi supplementari a carico di RRI. Il rifiuto o la restituzione del premio al mittente senza una giustificazione chiara, accettata per iscritto da RRI, porta al non inserimento della rispettiva persona nella lista di partecipanti eleggibili ai premi del successivo concorso indetto dalla SRR attraverso RRI. Gli stessi provvedimenti sono applicabili in caso di errori di comunicazione dell'indirizzo di domicilio per colpa dei partecipanti.
e)I vincitori sono gentilmente pregati di informare RRI per iscritto, tramite qualsiasi mezzo, del ricevimento del pacco e del contenuto del premio, al fine di controllare l'integrità della spedizione postale.

6. Responsabilità
Tramite l'invio delle risposte al concorso, tutti i partecipanti acconsentono e si impegnano ad attenersi alle condizioni e ai requisiti imposti dall'Organizzatore tramite il presente Regolamento.

7. Protezione dei dati personaliAi sensi della legislazione vigente, l'Organizzatore è tenuto a rendere pubblici i nomi dei vincitori e i premi concessi nell'ambito di questo concorso. Inoltre, l'Organizzatore si impegna a rispettare i provvedimenti del Regolamento (UE) 2016/679 sulla protezione delle persone fisiche in materia di trattamento dei dati personali e la libera circolazione dei rispettivi dati stoccati lungo la durata del concorso. Di conseguenza, l'Organizzatore si impegna ad assicurare la privacy dei dati personali dei partecipanti a questo concorso. Tramite la semplice partecipazione al concorso e il fornimento dei dati personali, i partecipanti acconsentono che i loro dati siano inseriti nella base di dati dell'Organizzatore. Su apposita richiesta, inoltrata per iscritto dai partecipanti, l'Organizzatore non utilizzerà più i loro dati personali dopo la conclusione del concorso.

8. Caso fortuito
Ai sensi del presente Regolamento, caso fortuito significa qualsiasi circostanza che non può essere controllata, rimediata o prevista dall'Organizzatore, e la cui apparizione mette questi nell'impossibilità di attenersi agli impegni assunti attraverso il Regolamento, comprese quelle, però senza limitarsene, riguardanti: guerre, incendi, alluvioni, scioperi e blocchi, terremoti, altre catastrofi di qualsiasi tipo. Se una situazione di caso fortuito impedisce totalmente o parzialmente lo svolgimento del concorso ai sensi delle condizioni previste dal presente Regolamento, l'Organizzatore sarà esonerato dalla responsabilità per il periodo pregiudicato dalla situazione di caso fortuito.

9. Litigi
Gli eventuali litigi sorti tra l'Organizzatore e i partecipanti al concorso saranno risolti in via amichevole. Qualora la soluzione amichevole non fosse possibile, il litigio sarà inoltrato alla soluzione alle corti competenti romene di Bucarest.

10. Pubblicazione del RegolamentoIl Regolamento del concorso sarà pubblicato sul sito www.rri.ro e sui profili Facebook di RRI. La variante di riferimento è la variante in lingua inglese.

FTIOM & UBMP Dec 16-22, Holiday specials

From the Isle of Music, December 16-22
This week, we celebrate Formell y Los Van Van's nomination for Best Tropical Latin Album in the GRAMMY awards by listening again to our interview with Samuel Formell and music from the album Legado.
The broadcasts take place:
1. For Eastern Europe but audible well beyond the target area in most of the Eastern Hemisphere (including parts of East Asia and Oceania) with 100Kw, Sunday 1500-1600 UTC on SpaceLine, 9400 KHz, from Kostinbrod, Bulgaria (1800-1900 MSK)
2. For the Americas and parts of Europe, Tuesday 0100-0200 UTC (New UTC) on WBCQ, 7490 KHz from Monticello, ME, USA (Monday 8-9PM EST in the US). This has been audible in parts of NW, Central and Southern Europe with an excellent skip to Italy recently.
3 & 4. For Europe and sometimes beyond, Tuesday 1900-2000 UTC and Saturday 1200-1300 UTC (New CETs) on Channel 292, 6070 KHz from Rohrbach, Germany.

Uncle Bill’s Melting Pot, December 16 & 18, 2018
Episode 92, The Naughty Episode, presents songs from vintage English language and German-language party records.
1.Sunday 2300-2330 UTC (6:00PM -6:30PM Eastern US) on WBCQ The Planet 7490 KHz from the US to the Americas and parts of Europe
2. Tuesday 2000-2030 UTC (NEW CET) on Channel 292, 6070 KHz from Rohrbach, Germany for Europe. If current propagation conditions hold, the broadcast should reach Iceland AND Western Russia due to a long skip.
Also recommended:
Marion’s Attic, a unique program produced and hosted by Marion Webster featuring early 20th Century records, Edison cylinders etc played on the original equipment, comes on immediately before UBMP on Sundays from 2200-2300 UTC on WBCQ 7490 Khz.

William "Bill" Tilford, Owner/Producer
Tilford Productions, LLC

In addition to its regularly- scheduled programming, UBMP (Uncle Bill's Melting Pot), a program that presents music from around the world along with a little comedy now and then, will be presenting the following hour-long holiday specials for the Americas in December:

1. Uncle Bill's X-Mess Special, featuring Christmas music from around the planet, unusual holiday customs, a laugh or three and other stuff to help you escape the 86th version of that song you just heard 85 times...
Tuesday, Dec 25 8-9pm Eastern US time (meaning Wednesday, 0100-0200 UTC) on WBCQ 5130 kHz for the Americas
2. Uncle Bill's Rockless New Year's Eve Special: We'll take a look at some of the more unusual NYE / New Year's Day rituals around the world with appropriate music to go with the countries in question. If you like to wear weird underwear, set fire to things or gorge on grapes, we may have just the thing for you...
Monday Dec 31 7-8pm Eastern US Time (meaning Tuesday, 0000-0100 UTC) on WBCQ 5130 kHz for the Americas
Monday, Dec 31, 1800-1900 UTC on Space Line, 9400 kHz, directed to Western Europe

William "Bill" Tilford, Owner/Producer
Tilford Productions, LLC (DX LISTENING DIGEST)

TWR to install new transmitter in Central Asia

Trans World Radio (TWR) is working on an exciting end of year project — the Silk Road Transmitter. At the beginning of 2017, TWR was forced to reduce its program airings in Central Asia when its 150,000-watt AM transmitter was taken out of services.
“It’s really left a gap in the programming for the people there to have access to biblical programming in their heart language,” TWR’s Brandon Neal says.
Broadcasts were taken from three hours a day down to only two. However, TWR says God has given the organization the vision to install an even larger transmitter in the region. Enter: the 200,000-watt AM signal called the Silk Road Transmitter.
The installation of this transmitter would increase overall coverage area and provide the opportunity to air more programs to reach around 60 million people throughout Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and even Northwest China.

Transmitter: an Urgent Need

TWR feels an urgency to install the Silk Road Transmitter because it would impact an area known for the persecution of Christians.
“There are so many people [whom] maybe missionaries on the ground are reaching…now. But with political climates,…there may come a time in the near future where those missionaries have to pull out of those countries. At that point, if the indigenous Church, if the local Church is not strong enough to grow on its own, it would be extremely beneficial to them to have God’s Word available over the radio,” Neal explains.
While some of these countries may have tight legislation regarding anti-conversion and religious restrictions, radio is strategic since it can be listened to during a car ride with friends or at home with family. It can be a private or group experience.
Neal has heard stories through TWR of Christians in Central Asia purposefully getting together to listen to biblical broadcasts on the radio during a car ride. It is a “workaround” which almost resembles a mobile house church.
“It’s basically an opportunity for people to hear God’s Word in their heart language and then discuss, ‘How do I obey this? How do I apply this to my life today? What does this mean?’ It gives that opportunity for people to grow in their faith — not in isolation, but even in concert with other believers who are like-minded,” Neal says.

Partnership to Reach Millions

TWR works with hundreds of ministries around the world to provide content in the local heart languages of the people hearing their broadcasts. Together, TWR and other ministries “create and implement a media strategy to use their content in that language or work together with someone in the country to create content to reach the people.” Sometimes it’s as easy as using material already indigenously produced.
Some of the programs are specific to men, women, children, teens, pastoral training, and even provide basic Bible teaching. TWR strives to meet the needs of their listeners, regardless of age or spiritual maturity.
Will you be a part of TWR’s work in Central Asia?
TWR is working to raise $593,000 by the end of 2018. These funds will cover the cost to install and commission this new transmitter. It will also provide for the cost of airtime during the first year. Will you support TWR’s vision by giving to the Silk Road Transmitter?
Also, pray. Pray for the Holy Spirit to open the hearts and minds of people listening to TWR’s broadcasts. Ask God to open the eyes and ears of all those who hear His word through TWR. Finally, pray for God’s hand in raising funds to inaugurate and run the Silk Road Transmitter.

World Radio TV Handbook 2019

We are delighted to announce the publication of the 73rd edition of WRTH.
For full details of WRTH 2019 and to order a copy please visit our website at www.wrth.com where you can also order the B18 WRTH Bargraph Frequency Guide on CD and Download.
WRTH 2019 is also available for pre-order, for readers in the USA, from Amazon.com or Universal Radio in Ohio. We hope you enjoy using this new edition of WRTH and the new CD.

Media & Tech - 12/12/2018

KTWR special Christmas DRM broadcasts

The staff at KTWR wanted to give listeners with DRM receivers a Christmas gift this year. I have attached the schedule for our 2018 Christmas DRM broadcasts. We will be doing stereo mode B 64 QAM to Japan and ANZ/SP and mono mode A 16QAM to India. The latter set-up seems to be the best way to get decent audio and reliable decoding with the poor propagation we have this time of year. Japan and ANZ should get a very strong signal. (When we ran regular DRM broadcasts to Japan, we only used 32kW.)

Have a great time enjoying this year’s celebration of Jesus’ earthly birthday.

Japanese
15.12.2018 1100-1130 9910 50kW
16.12.2018 1245-1315 7500 50kW
22.12.2018 1100-1130 9910 50kW
23.12.2018 1245-1315 7500 50kW

English SAs
24.12.2018 1245-1315 9380 75kW
25.12.2018 1245-1315 9380 75kW

English Aus/NZ
24.12.2018 1030-1100 11995 50kW
25.12.2018 1030-1100 11995 50kW"

Special Holiday Programmes

I have started compiling a list of special holiday programming on Shortwave. Here is my initial list, and I'll update this nearer to Christmas if more information becomes available. I hope that you find  it useful. (Alan Roe, Teddington, UK via WOR io group)

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

UBMP Special Holiday Broadcasts:
In addition to its regularly- scheduled programming, UBMP (Uncle Bill's Melting Pot), a program that presents music from around the world along with a little comedy now and then, will be presenting the following hour-long holiday specials for the Americas in December:
1. Uncle Bill's X-Mess Special, featuring Christmas music from around the planet, unusual holiday customs, a laugh or three and other stuff to help you escape the 86th version of that song you just heard 85 times...Tuesday, Dec 25 8-9pm Eastern US time (meaning Wednesday, 0100-0200 UTC) on WBCQ 5130 kHz for the Americas
2. Uncle Bill's Rockless New Year's Eve Special: We'll take a look at some of the more unusual NYE / New Year's Day rituals around the world with appropriate music to go with the countries in question. 
If you like to wear weird underwear, set fire to things or gorge on grapes, we may have just the thing for you...
Monday Dec 31 7-8pm Eastern US Time (meaning Tuesday, 0000-0100 UTC) on WBCQ 5130 kHz for the Americas
Monday, Dec 31, 1800-1900 UTC on Space Line, 9400 kHz, directed to Western Europe

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

BBC World Service:
https://www.bbc.co.uk/mediacentre/mediapacks/xmas18radio/worldservice

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

"Gruß an Bord" from NDR
Details for this year are as follows. Transmission will run from 1900 to 2300, where two frequencies are given they are for 1900-2100 and 2100-2300, respectively.
Nauen:
6125 / 5930, 125 kW, 250°; to western Europe, northern Atlantic and 
Carribean
9740 / 9765, 125 kW, 130°; to Indian Ocean
Moosbrunn:
9790 / 9650, 100 kW, 115°; to southern/southeastern Asia and Australia
Issoudun:
9800 / 9590, 250 kW, 156°; to eastern/southern Africa and Indian Ocean
11650 / 9830, 250 kW, 195°; to western Africa, southern Atlantic and South America
Gavar:
6145, 100 kW, 305°; to the whole of Europe

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

FRS Holland:
Sunday December 30th FRS-Holland will be on air with its annual Holiday Season broadcast.
The broadcast will be on 7700//58xx between 08:52- 14:00 UTC/ 09:52-15:00 CET.
Similar to November 18th, the full broadcast will be repeated in the afternoon.
More info follows later in December.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Channel 292
Some special programmes scheduled over Christmas on Channel 292 (not necessarily Christmas music):
SuperClan Radio: 24,25 & 26 Dec - 0800-0900UTC 6070 and 7440kHz
R Ohne Namen: 24 Dec - 0900-1300UTC 6070 and 7440kHz
R Waves Int: 25 Dec - 1300-1400UTC 6070 and 7440kHz
SM R Dessau: 26 Dec - 0900-1000UTC 6070khz (100kW via Naun)
R PowerRumpel: 26 Dec - 1000-1100UTC 6070khz (100kW via Naun)
R Decade AM: 26 Dec - 1100-1200UTC 6070khz (100kW via Naun)
R Klein Paris Int: 26 Dec - 1200-1300UTC 6070khz

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

W4HM Daily HF/MF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast #2018-347

>>>>>Just an FYI! I have once again begun producing a daily (MF) medium
>>>>>frequency radio wave propagation forecast in unison with the HF one.
>>>>>The MF forecast follows the HF forecast.<<<<<

Greetings to my fellow hamateur radio and SWL radio enthusiasts around the
world.

Welcome to my “not for profit” daily W4HM Daily HF/MF Radio Wave Propagation
Forecast.

It’s the only accurate daily global HF/MF radio wave propagation forecast
produced on the planet.

I'm a heliophysicist, terrestrial/troposphere meteorologist/climatologist,
physical oceanographer and one of the few on the planet with advanced
education and forecast experience in all aforementioned disciplines. In
terrestrial/troposphere weather forecasting I have 45 years of experience
and in solar, space and geomagnetic weather forecasting 34 years.

This is created and disseminated by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM in Lakeland, FL,
USA © 1988-2018.

If you find this daily HF/MF radio wave propagation forecast useful to your
hamateur and SWL radio activities, feel free to drop me a line and let me
know that at

thomasfgiella@gmail.com

I enjoy hearing from likeminded fellow radio enthusiasts.

Hams and SWLs that are interested in solar, space & geomagnetic weather as
well as radio wave propagation are a special group of people interested in
broadening their knowledge in science.

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily HF/MF radio
wave
propagation forecast, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and
give me credit for it.

Supporting images associated with this daily HF/MF radio wave propagation
forecast can be found in my Facebook account at

https://www.facebook.com/thomasfranklingiellaw4hm

and in my Twitter account at

https://twitter.com/GiellaW4hm

Last but not least here is my new HF/MF radio wave propagation web page
where you can sign up to receive this daily HF/MF radio wave propagation
forecast via email.

It's a NO SPAM voluntary "opt" in email type group hosted by Groups.io, so
you have to sign up by using an existing email address and creating a
password.

https://groups.io/g/w4hmradiowavepropagationforecast

>>>>>W4HM Solar Cycle 24 Update and Solar Cycle 25 Forecast- Short and to
>>>>>the point.

Solar minimum may begin later this year and may last longer than any
previous solar cycle in the 20th century. When solar cycle 25 finally gets
underway it could be the weakest since the middle of the 19th century.
Another Dalton type lesser grand solar minimum may occur with a
corresponding cooling of earth’s climate. This would negate anthropogenic
climate change if it were occurring which it isn’t.

On February 1, 2008 I forecasted that solar cycle 24 would be the smallest
solar cycle in the past 100 years. That forecast verified. I also forecasted
that solar cycle 25 would be almost non nonexistent.<<<<<

#347 Issued Wednesday December 12, 2018 at 1545 UTC

Important Solar, Space & Geomagnetic Weather Indices-

Solar activity was very low.

The daily solar flux index numbers (DSFI) were

71.0 71.0 70.3.

There had been 7 consecutive days with a 2000 UTC daily solar flux index
number (SFI) of 70 or above.

The official daily sunspot number (DSSN) was 11.

There had been 1 day with a sunspot number (DSSN) above 0.

In 2018 there had been 204 days with an official daily sunspot number (DSSN)
of 0.
There had been one sunspot group numbered 12730 located near N08E17 with a
simple alpha magnetic signature capable of releasing a very small B class
solar flare.

The 24 hour period 3 hour interval planetary K index (Kp) had been at an
unsettled to quiet geomagnetic condition of

1 2 3 2 0 2 3 1.

The 24 hour period planetary A index (Ap) maximum and minimum values ranged
between

12 & 2,

which had been at an unsettled to quiet geomagnetic condition.

The 24 hour period maximum and minimum Disturbance Storm Time Index (Dst)
ranged between

-16 & -3 nT.

The 24 hour period maximum and minimum solar wind speed was 558 & 46 km/s.

>>>>>GLOBAL (HF) HIGH FREQUENCY (3000-30000 KHZ) RADIO WAVE PROPAGATION
>>>>>CONDITIONS EXPECTED-<<<<<

HF/MF radio wave propagation condition “trend” on Dec 12, 2018- improving.

HF/MF radio wave propagation condition “trend” on Dec 13, 2018- steady.

HF/MF radio wave propagation condition “trend” on Dec 14, 2018- steady.

Northern Hemisphere HF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast b-

>>>>>We are now in the winter season northern hemisphere HF/MF radio wave
>>>>>propagation season.
The approximate 11000- 30000 kHz frequency range closes sooner due to less
sun light illuminating the ionosphere than in the southern hemisphere. But
the maximum usable frequency (MUF) is higher than in the southern hemisphere
as the F layer of the ionosphere is lower in height and the ions more
concentrated.
The approximately 3000-10000 kHz frequency range often stays open for DX all
throughout the day due to a weaker D and E layer and therefore less RF
signal absorption.<<<<<

3150-3400, 3500-4100, 4750-5050, 5700-6300 kHz- S9 +1 to 9 at night and S1-3
at day,

6900-7800, 9200-9995, 10000-10150, 11500-12200 kHz- S9+ 1 to 9 at night and
S4-7 at day,

13570-13850, 14000-14350, 15005-15900, 17450-17950, 18068-18168 kHz- S0 at
night and S3-4 at day,

21000-21850 kHz- S0 at night and S1-2 at day,

24890-24990, 25600-26100 kHz- S0 at night and S1 at day,

28000-29700 kHz- S0 at night and S0 at day.

Southern Hemisphere HF Radio Wave Propagation Forecast b-

We are now in the summer season southern hemisphere HF/MF radio wave
propagation season.

The 14000- 30000 kHz frequency range closes later due to more sun light
illuminating the ionosphere than in the southern hemisphere. But the maximum
usable frequency (MUF) is lower than in the southern hemisphere as heating
in the F2 layer of the ionosphere is higher and the layer ions less
concentrated.

Almost daily during the northern hemisphere summer season you will find that
the 25600- 26100 kHz and 28000-29700 kHz frequency ranges will open via
short north-south and east-west propagation paths via sporadic E (Es). Also
when multiple sporadic E (Es) clouds form and line up favorably much longer
propagation paths open up on east-west paths. And last but not least
north-south propagation paths occur across the equator via trans equatorial
propagation (TEP).

3150-3400, 3500-4100, 4750-5050, 5700-6300 kHz- S9 +1 to 9 at night and S1-3
at day,

6900-7800, 9200-9995, 10000-10150, 11500-12200 kHz- S9+ 1 to 9 at night and
S4-7 at day,

13570-13850, 14000-14350, 15005-15900, 17450-17950, 18068-18168 kHz- S0 at
night and S3-4 at day,

21000-21850 kHz- S0 at night and S1-2 at day,

24890-24990, 25600-26100 kHz- S0 at night and S1 at day,

28000-29700 kHz- S0 at night and S0 at day.

>>>>>GLOBAL (MF) MEDIUM FREQUENCY (300-3000 KHZ) RADIO WAVE PROPAGATION
>>>>>CONDITIONS EXPECTED-<<<<<

FORECASTED NORTHERN HEMISPHERE SHORT PATH-
-East <-> West To 1100 Mi /1800 km     S9
*North <-> South To 1100 Mi /1800 km    S7-9
+South <-> North To 1100 Mi /1800 km    S5-7

FORECASTED SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE SHORT PATH-
-East <-> West To 1100 Mi / 1800 km    S9
*South <-> North To 1100 Mi /1800 km    S7-9
+North <-> South To 1100 Mi / 1800 km    S5-7

FORECASTED GREAT CIRCLE LONG OR SKEWED PATH-
Northern Hemisphere (TA) Trans Atlantic, (TI) Trans Indian, (TP) Trans
Pacific and cross Equatorial propagation conditions in excess of
approximately 3200 mi / 5200 km-

High Latitude    S5-7
Mid Latitude    S7-9
Low latitude    S4-6

FORECASTED GREAT CIRCLE LONG OR SKEWED PATH-
Southern Hemisphere (TA) Trans Atlantic, (TI) Trans Indian, (TP) Trans
Pacific and cross Equatorial propagation conditions in excess of
approximately 3200 mi / 5200 km-

HighLatitude    S5-7
Mid Latitude    S7-9
Low latitude    S4-6


This HF/MF Radio wave propagation forecast is produced based on the
SIGINT_CAP HF/MF radio wave propagation prediction software.
I wrote it beginning in the late 1980’s but I’m sorry to say that it still
can’t
be distributed to the general public. It does outperform VOA CAP and
PropLab.

I do check the actual band conditions at my location in the USA and tweak
the forecast manually where and when necessary.

I also check global HF/MF radio wave propagation conditions via remoted
radio
receivers on every continent of the globe and tweak the forecast manually if
and when necessary.

And last but not least I look at ionsonde stations on every continent of the
globe.

The hamateur radio JT65A mode RF signal levels received are based on 5 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio PSK31 mode RF signal levels received are based on 25
watts and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio CW mode RF signal levels received are based on 50 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The hamateur radio SSB RF mode signal levels received are based on 100 watts
and ½ wave dipole up at 40 feet.

The HF shortwave broadcast band AM Mode RF signal levels are based on
100,000 watts (100 kw) and a typical high gain VOA type curtain array
antenna.

The MF broadcast band AM Mode RF signal levels are based on 50,000 watts (50
kw) and an omnidirectional vertical antenna.

Please keep in mind that this is a relatively simplified HF/MF radio wave
propagation forecast, so as to keep it easily understandable and applicable
by the average radio enthusiast.

>>>>>THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION IS EDUCATIONAL MATERIAL ON SOLAR SPACE,
>>>>>GEOMAGNETIC WEATHER OBSERVING AND FORECASTING AS WELL AS GOINGS ON IN
>>>>>EARTH’S IONOSPHERE.<<<<<

Globally HF/MF radio wave propagation conditions are most evenly balanced
during the fall and spring equinoxes and most diametrically opposed during
the summer and winter solstices.

Conditions change daily, weekly, monthly, yearly and by decade, as the
sun rises and sets at different times and at different angles from the
ecliptic, as well as by radio wave frequency. This is due to changes in the
maximum usable frequency (MUF), lowest usable frequency (LUF) and F layer
critical frequency (FoF2). Also by propagation path.

The D and E layers also come into play through RF radio wave signal
absorption and refraction. And then there is sporadic E (Es) radio wave
propagation that can really throw a wrench into the gears so to speak.

Things like sporadic E (Es) radio wave propagation and lightning storm
static can impact HF radio wave propagation in an unpredictable manner and
mostly bad.

Ongoing solar, space and geomagnetic weather goings on also impact HF radio.

Lower high frequency (80-30 meters) propagation conditions are impacted in a
negative manner not so much by variations in the maximum usable frequency
(MUF) along a particular propagation path and time but rather due to
geomagnetic elevated geomagnetic conditions (Kp-3-4), storms (Kp-5 &
greater) that increase signal absorption via the E layer (the altitude of
the radio aurora). Also increases in the lowest usable frequency (LUF) via D
layer RF signal absorption due to hard x-rays, galactic cosmic waves,
elevated background solar flux levels greater than B0 and energetic proton
flux levels at energies greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

Higher frequency (20-10 meters) propagation conditions are impacted in a
negative manner by variations in the maximum usable frequency (MUF) along a
particular propagation path and time due to the current sunspot number and
also due to elevated geomagnetic conditions (Kp-3-4), storms of Kp-5 &
greater. Also D layer RF signal absorption due to elevated (greater than B0)
background solar flux levels. Also to a lesser extent elevated proton flux
at energies greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

>>>>>GENERAL GUIDELINES CONCERNING CORRELATION OF PROPAGATION INDICES TO
>>>>>ACTUAL HF PROPAGATION CONDITIONS-<<<<<

NOTE!!! The propagation indices "interpretations" are my personal
intellectual property. Therefore the HF radio wave propagation indices
interpretations contained herein is copyrighted © 1988-2018 by Thomas F.
Giella, W4HM, all rights reserved. Reproduction of information herein is
allowed without permission in advance as long as proper credit is given.

All 14 of the following indices have to occur as described below in order to
see the best global high frequency (HF) radio wave propagation possible,
something that happens only rarely.

1.) Dropping geomagnetic field indices numbers are better, Kp of 0 best.

2.) A daily sunspot number of 150 or higher, 200 or higher best.

3.) A daily sunspot number of greater than 100 for routine stable formation
of the E Valley/F Layer ducting mechanism.

4.) Previous 24 hour Ap index under 10, fewer than 7 for several days
consecutively are best.

5.) Previous 3 hours Kp index fewer than 3 for mid latitude paths, fewer
than 2 for high latitude paths, 0 for several days consecutively is best.

6.) Energetic protons no greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

7.) Background x-ray flux levels greater than B1 for several days
consecutively, greater than C1 best.

8.) No current STRATWARM alert.

9.) Interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) Bz with a (positive number) sign,
indicates a lesser chance of high latitude path aurora
absorption/unpredictable refraction or scattering of medium frequency RF
signals, when the Kp is above 3.

10.) A -10 or better towards a positive number Dst index during the recovery
time after a geomagnetic storm, as related to the equatorial ring current. A
positive number is best.

>>>>>GENERAL GUIDELINES CONCERNING CORRELATION OF PROPAGATION INDICES TO
>>>>>ACTUAL MF PROPAGATION CONDITIONS-<<<<<

Medium frequency (300-3000 khz) radio wave propagation conditions are
impacted in a negative manner not by variations in the maximum usable
frequency (MUF) along a particular propagation path and time but rather due
to energetic electron flux levels at energies greater than 2 MeV (2+1),
geomagnetic disturbances (Kp-3-4) and geomagnetic storms (Kp-5 & >) that
increase signal absorption via the E layer (the general altitude of the
radio aurora). Also increases in the lowest usable frequency (LUF) via D
layer signal absorption due to elevated background solar flux levels greater
than A0, proton flux levels at energies greater than 10 MeV (10+0), hard
x-rays and galactic cosmic rays.

There is also the issue of magneto ionic power coupling. Antenna
polarization plays a large role in the success of a long haul MF DX contact.
As a MF RF signal traverses Earth's magnetic lines of force in a
perpendicular manner on high and mid latitude paths say between W3 land and
SM, higher angle horizontally polarized signals are more readily absorbed
than lower angle vertically polarized signals. On other propagation paths on
the globe opposite results can be found, i.e., horizontally polarized
signals suffer less absorption on a propagation path between VK6 and W6 or
S9 and W4.

Unfortunately the simplest way to look at medium frequencies with respect to
radio wave propagation conditions is to accept the fact that propagation is
poor the majority of the time, especially past approximately 1250 miles (one
maximum distance refraction off of the E layer), with occasional short-lived
good periods as far as 3200 miles.

All 13 of the following indices have to occur as described below in order to
see the best global medium frequency (MF) radio wave propagation possible.

The simplest way to look at medium frequencies (MF) with respect to radio
wave propagation conditions is to accept the fact that propagation is poor
the majority of the time, especially past approximately 1250 miles (one
refraction off of the E layer), with occasional short-lived good periods as
far as 3200 miles.

1.) Dropping geomagnetic field indices numbers are better, Kp of 0 best.

2.) A daily sunspot number under 100, under 70 best.

3.) A daily sunspot number no higher then the 100 for routine stable
formation of the E Valley/F Layer ducting mechanism.

4.) Previous 24 hour Ap index under 10, fewer than 7 for several days
consecutively are best.

5.) Previous 3 hours Kp index fewer than 3 for mid latitude paths, fewer
than 2 for high latitude paths, 0 for several days consecutively is best.

6.) Energetic proton flux levels no greater than 10 MeV (10+0).

7.) Background x-ray flux levels of A0 for several days consecutively.

8.) No current STRATWARM alert.

9.) Interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) Bz with a (positive number) sign,
indicates a lesser chance of high latitude path aurora
absorption/unpredictable refraction or scattering of medium frequency RF
signals, when the Kp is above 3.

10.) A -10 or better towards a positive number Dst index during the recovery
time after a geomagnetic storm, as related to the equatorial ring current. A
positive number is best.

11.) Galactic cosmic rays decrease to -3 units below zero and trending
towards zero.

12.) Energetic electron flux levels no greater than 2 MeV (2+0).

13. A solar wind speed of less than 300 km/s for several days consecutively.


Standard Disclaimer-

Note! I use error prone RAW public domain data from the NOAA Space
Environment Center, other U.S. government entities and educational
institutions, to produce this daily HF/MF radio wave propagation
forecast. This data is gathered and made public by the U.S. Government using
taxpayer $$$ (including mine).

However this daily HF/MF propagation forecast that I produce from the RAW
public domain data is my personal intellectual property. Therefore this
daily HF/MF radio wave propagation forecast contained herein is copyrighted
©
1988-2018 by Thomas F. Giella, W4HM.

Feel free without prior permission to redistribute this daily HF/MF radio
wave
propagation forecast, as long as you redistribute it in its entirety and
give me credit for it.

Also HF/MF radio wave propagation forecasting is still an inexact
science and therefore also an art. The forecasts are not official but for
educational and hobby related purposes only and are subject to human error
and acts of God, therefore no guarantee or warranty implied.

SWLDXBulgaria News, Dec.12

ALASKA   Frequency changes of World Christian Broadcast KNLS The New Life Station
https://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com/2018/12/frequency-changes-of-wcb-knls-new-life.html

SAUDI ARABIA   Unregistered frequencies of BSKSA in HFCC B-18 Database
https://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com/2018/12/unregistered-frequencies-of-bsksa-in.html

TAJIKISTAN(non)   Cancelled transmissions of Voice of Tibet via Dushanbe:
https://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com/2018/12/cancelled-transmissions-of-voice-of.html

TAJIKISTAN(non)   Winter B-18 schedule of National Unity Radio via Dushanbe:
https://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com/2018/12/winter-b-18-schedule-of-national-unity.html

USA   Winter B-18 shortwave schedule of Radio TV Marti:
https://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com/2018/12/updated-winter-b-18-shortwave-schedule_12.html

USA(non)   Inactive frequencies of Voice of America and
Radio Free Asia, due to damaged txs in Tinian & Saipan:
https://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com/2018/12/inactive-frequencies-of-voice-of.html


--

73! Ivo Ivanov
More information on the shortwave listening hobby,
please visit to http://swldxbulgaria.blogspot.com

QTH-1: Patreshko, Bulgaria
Receiver: Afedri SDR
Software: SDR-Console v2.3(using remote connection)
Antennas: various Inverted V and beverage antennas.

QTH-2: Sofia OK2, Bulgaria
Receiver: Sony ICF-2001D
Antenna: 30 m. long wire

Supreme Master TV expands on WRMI

As of December 12, 2018 Supreme Master TV is expanding to 12 hours per day, 7 days per week on WRMI, as follows:

1100-1400 UTC on 7570 kHz

1400-2000 UTC on 15770 kHz

2100-0000 UTC on 9455 kHz

Your reports and comments are welcome.

Stations heard in Friol

ALGERIA, 1550, Radio Nacional República Árabe Saharaui, Rabuni, 2018-2025, 11-12, Arabic, comments. 23322.

ANGOLA, 4949.75, Radio Nacional de Angola, Mulenvos, 1835-1850, 11-12, Portuguese comments and songs. 15321.

ARMENIA, 4810, Armenian Public Radio, Gavar/Yerevan, 1833-1845*, 11-12, Arabic comments, mentioned "Yerevan", "Armenia". 25322.

BOLIVIA
3310, Radio Mosoj Chaski, Cotapachi, 0015-0022, 12-12, Quechua, comments. 25322.

5052.4, Radio Pio XII, Siglo XX, 0018-0025, 12-12, Spanish, comments. Very weak, best on LSB. 13211.

BRAZIL
4862.2, Radio Alvorada, Londrina, 2126-2133, 11-12, "A Voz do Brasil". 15311.

4885, Radio Clube do Pará, Belém, 0510-0555, 12-12, Brazilian songs, Portuguese, comments, program "Clube da Madrugada", "Bom dia para você aqui na Radio Clube da Madrugada". 35433.

5035, Radio Aparecida, Aparecida (presumed), 2123-2127, 11-12, "A Voz do Brasil". 15321.

6080, Radio Marumby, Curitiba, 2113-2117, 11-12, "A Voz do Brasl". 22322.

6180, Radio Nacional da Amazonia, Brasilia, 2006-2115, 11-12, program "Nossa Terra", Brazilian songs, comments, "Nossa Terra, no coraçao da Amazonia", "Previsión do tempo na Rede Nacional de Radio", Interference from Deutscher Wetterdienst, Pinneber between 2006-2025 on the same frequency, at 2030 program "Reporter Amazonia", "Você esta ouvindo Reporter Amazonia". "Reporter Amazonia uma produçao da radio publica da Amazonia", at 2100 "A Voz do Brasil", "19 horas en Brasilia, esta no ar A Voz do Brasil". 33443.

9515, Radio Marumby, Curitiba, 211-2116, 11-12, "A Voz do Brasil". 34433.

9665, Voz Missionaria, Camboriú, 2110-2114, 11-12, "A Voz do Brasil". 34433.

10000, Time Signal Station Observatorio Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, 1949-1955, 11-12, time signals, female voice announcements: "Observatorio Nacional, 17 horas, 50 minutos, 20 segundos". 24322.

11815, Radio Brasil Central, Goiania, 2019- , 11-12, Brazilian songs, Portuguese, comments, id. "Radio Brasil Central", at 2100 "A Voz do Brasil". 23322.

11855.6, Radio Aparecida, Aparecida, 2106-2113, 11-12, "A Voz do Brasil". 34433. (Méndez)

11895, Radio Boa Vontade, Porto Alegre, 2107-2112, 11-12, "A Voz do Brasil". 24422.

CANADA, 6070, CFRX, Toronto, 0505-0540, 12-12, English, news, comments, "Coast to Coast AM", at 0540 strong QRM from Channel 292 on the same frequency. 24322.

CONGO, 6115, Radio Congo, Brazaville, *0515-0650, 12-12, French, news, "La Republique du Congo, Conakry", "Radio Congo", at 0535 Vernacular comments, African songs, French comments.  24322 but at 0630 14311.

CUBA, 4765, Radio Progreso, La Habana, 0451-0500*, 12-12, Latin American songs, , at 0457 "Reportero RP", "Boletín informativo resumen", news in brief, "Radio Progreso, Cadena Nacional les ha ofrecido la programación habitual del día de hoy". Close. 35433.

ECUADOR, 6050, HCJB, Pichincha, *0924-0935, 12-12, open with anthem, at 0929 flute music, Quechua, comments. Extremely weak, only audible on LSB and only for about 15 minutes, due to daylight.

EQUATORIAL GUINEA, 5005, Radio Nacional, Bata, 1635-1701*, 11-12, Non stop African Spanish and Latin American songs, at 1659 Spanish comments: "Van a ser las seis en punto, vamos con nuestro informativo", close at 1701. Very weak but improving near closing time due to sunset  and night path. 15321.
Also *0553 (open today later than other days)-0628, 12-12, Spanish, "El panorama social y cultural de Guinea Ecuatorial", "Radio Bata, su compañía", "Cordiales saludos cuando son las siete en punto de la mañana, continuamos con los informativos", "El presidente de la República de Guinea Ecuatorial". 25322 to 15311 at the end.

ERITREA
7140, Voice of Broad Masses, Asmara, 1633-1647, 11-12, Vernacular comments, East African songs. Different program that on 7180. 24322.
Also 0505-0520, 12-12, Vernacular commens and East African songs. 25322. Different program than on 7180.

7180, Voice of Broad Masses, Asmara, 1631-1650, 11-12, Vernacular comments. 34433.
Also 0507-0520, 12-12, Vernacular comments. 35433.

ETHIOPIA
5950, Voice of Tigray Revolution, Addis Ababa, 1615-1640, 11-12, Vernacular comments, East African songs. 33433.
Also 0518-0525, 12-12, East African songs. 43433.

GERMANY
3985, Radio Mi Amigo, Kall Krekel, 1818-1837, 11-12, pop songs in English, id. "Radio Mi Amigo". 35433.

INDIA
4910, AIR, Jaipur, 1620-1645, 11-12, Vernacular comments. 15321.

5010, AIR, Thiruvananthapuram, 1703-1715, 11-12, Hindi songs. 15321.

JAPAN, 6055, Radio Nikkei, Chiba-Nagara, 0735-0756,  12-12, Japanase, female, male, music. 14322.

LIBERIA, 6050, ELWA, Monrovia, 0623-0655, 12-12, English, religious comments, "Voice of Salvation", "Back to the Bible". 25432.

MADAGASCAR, 5010, Radio Nasionaly Malagasy, Ambohidrano, 1853-1905*, 11-12, Malagasy, comments. 15321.

MEXICO, 6185, Radio Educación, Ciudad de México, 0555-0605*, 11-12, music, at 0602 anthem, id. "96.5 FM, transmitiendo en alta definición, radio digital terrestre, su primea emisora en HD de Radio Educacón, Servicio Nacional de Comunicación Cultural, crea, colabora,comparte", more music and close at 0605. 25422
Also 0503-0608*, 12-12, Spanish, comments, songs, at 0602 anthem, id.“1060 AM, medio siglo de acompañar la transformación social, política y cultural de México, 100.00 watts de potencia, desde la Ciudad de México, Radio Educación, una emisora del Servicio Nacional de Comunicación Cultural, crea, colabora, comparte” , music, at 0607 Radio France International news in Spanish, close at 0608. 25432.

NIGERIA, 9689.9, Voice of Nigeria, Ikodoru, 1840-1852, 11-12, English, comments, id. "Voice of Nigeria". 34444.

SOLOMON ISLANDS, 5020, SIBC, Honiara, 0810-0827, 12-12, strong carrier, and at moments some comments detected, extremely weak audio, only LSB. Some QRM from Radio Rebelde on 5025.

SUDAN
7205, Sudan Radio, Al Aitahab, 1620-1631*, 11-12, East African songs. Signal cut off abruptly at 1631, when open Voice of Africa on 9505. 24322.
Also 0510-0520, 12-12, Arabic comments. 34433.

9505, Voice of Africa, Al Aitahab, *1630-1748, 11-12, East African songs, French, id. "La Voix de l'Afrique", comments, at 1700 news in French, at 1715 English, id. "Broadcasing to you from Sudan on 9505 kHz, Voice of Africa", news and comments. 24322.

ZAMBIA, 5915, Zambia NBC Radio 1, 2129-2145, 11-12, Vernacular comments, African songs. 24322.
 
Manuel Méndez
Lugo, Spain

Logs in Friol
Tecsun S-8800, cable antenna, 8 meters

Atlantic 2000 on the air this weekend

Atlantic 2000 will be on the air :

- Saturday 15th of December from 0900 to 1000 UTC on 6070 kHz (music and dedications)
- Sunday 16th of December from 0900 to 1000 UTC on 7440 kHz (music and radio news)
+ streaming at the same time on our website

Good listening!

--
Visit our website :
http://radioatlantic2000.free.fr

Glenn Hauser logs December 11, 2018

** ALBANIA [and non]. 7210, Dec 11 at 2246, stilted Spanish from CRI relay, including USB, QRM to ham QSO in English on LSB only, but additional CCI of intermittent music which I think is naughty hamjam on their favorite hangout. Other broadcasters listed now in Aoki/NDXC are Sound of Hope, Taiwan plus jamming; Voice of Vietnam-1 from Daclac; PBS Yunnan not restarting until 2255 (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** BRAZIL [non]. 9630.00, Dec 11 at 2304, Chinese, which NDXC/Aoki shows as CRI in Cantonese via Jinhua 831 site this hour only, daily. No sign of R. Aparecida, which has been about halfway between 9630.0 and 9631.0. It was also absent when I commonly would hear it circa 0630 UT Dec 11, when other off-frequency ZYs were there hetting 9565 and 9665 1-kHz BFO step-tuning (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CHINA [and non]. 7445, Dec 11 at 2244, two stations mixing in Chinese; one with a clip in English to voice-over. That is certainly VOA THAILAND as scheduled this hour only, the other CNR1 jamming (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 12000, Dec 11 at 0542, RHC again on late in English, // 6000, so second harmonic? 11840 is much stronger S9+10 in Spanish // 11700, the latter with some distortion. 0624 recheck: 11700 & 11840 off, 12000 JBA carrier.

Is there anything to explain these on the RHC website schedule?
http://www.radiohc.cu/interesantes/frecuencias
The slow-loading pdf covering Spanish only, now shows 11840 & 11700 on air until 0600, but both supposed to be in Spanish, for Chile and Buenos Aires, respectively.  

Let`s see if from the British-flag page we can get a different frequency schedule?
http://www.radiohc.cu/en/interesantes/frecuencias
Yes, this one altho headed in Spanish, covers all the non-Spanish languages, starting with English. Still claims the evening English span is 02-08, instead of reality 01-07 generally, with the extra frequencies starting at 06 instead of 05 when we have been hearing them, just like in the summer. 12000 does not appear on either schedule at any time. It was a Spanish fundamental in A-18. Something`s always wrong at RHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 15140, Dec 11 at 1506, RHC is suptorted, // much better 15230. Would you believe that the current websked does not show 15230 ever? It`s always on at least in the mornings. There are two suspicious blank spaces under Rio de Janeiro and San Francisco. Something`s always wrong at RHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 13560, Dec 11 at 1507, big RHC-FM blob right on the central ISM frequency, i.e. separations of about 70-71 kHz from S9+40, 13700-AM. The closer ones are quite readable in FM with the F# tone; further out, only the tone may be detectable, as I then hunt the others and note their strengths, put into order:

13334 trace
13418 S5
13489 S9
13560 S9+10
13630 S9+10
-----
13770 S9+10
13840 S9
13910 S9
13980 S5
14052 S3
14123 trace

Now that these spread into the 20m hamband, maybe the IARUMS will take notice. However, by 1513, the spurs are diminishing greatly as if someone is turning them down while the fundamental remains strong. Something`s always wrong at RHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** CUBA. 15370, Dec 11 at 2257, RHC Spanish is S9+25 but suptorted. Something`s always wrong at RHC (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** JAPAN [and non]. 9749.8 approx., Dec 11 at 1248, Japanese mixing with another weak signal slightly below 9750.00 making a LAH. I would not expect NHK to be off-frequency but that is surely the one in Japanese, per Aoki, running 0755-1600. 

Two others are listed at this time, PBS Nei Menggu, Hohhot, I.M., CHINA in Mongolian at 2150-1605; and the one most likely to be off-frequency, R. Kuwait in Arabic at 1100-1600. In fact, that was reported on 9749.8 as long ago as Nov 2, 2017 by Ivo Ivanov (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGST)

** JAPAN. 11665, Dec 11 at 2259, tune in to hear nothing but a 3+1 accurate timesignal to 2300:00* and off immediately. It`s NHK World Radio Japan, direct in Japanese since 2055. Aoki/NDXC shows the only other 11665 station, RTM Wai/Limbang FM, Kajang, Malaysia is supposed to take over immediately from *2300, but no sign of it. If active, we used to trace it in our mornings, allegedly straight thru until 1600*; it`s either that or 9835 left for SW from Malaysia (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** KOREA NORTH [non]. 6045, Dec 11 at 1224 two stations mixing equally making fast SAH circa 10 Hz, one YL talk in Korean?, the other music; 1228 both are in music, S8-S9. Per Aoki/NDXC, here`s what`s happening: two clandestines are fighting each other, so Juche jamming hardly needs to intervene! National Unity Radio via Dushanbe, TAJIKISTAN at 1100-1300; and V of Freedom from Hwaseong, Korea South at 0858-1406 (also at other very strange blox: 1452-2006, 2058-0206). 1348 recheck, only one with piano music, i.e. VOF; and not // 6085 Shiokaze (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** MEXICO. 739.95, Dec 11 at 1300, news/talkshow in Spanish, making terrible low het against KRMG 740.00 Tulsa, which if carefully nulled, partially audiblizes the Mexican, which we know is XEQN, R. Fórmula, Torreón, Coahuila. It has appeared on some official listings of stations which are *not* migrating to FM, unfortunately. It`s been off-frequency for years (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** MEXICO. 1570, Dec 11 at 2007 on caradio, Spanish here could be groundwave from KTUZ Tulsa, but no, it`s already skywave from XERF, ``La Poderosa`` IDs associating that with FM 103.9 as much as with 1570, an IMER station in Ciudad Acuña, Coahuila. XERF really is powerful, allegedly 100 kW, while several peanut-power outlets also brand themselves as Poderosas; who`s to know any better? This is three hours and ten minutes before our earliest sunset at 2317 UT (Glenn Hauser, Enid OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** PHILIPPINES [and non]. 9450, Dec 11 at 2305, something in Chinese mixing with a song in somelang. I would like to think the latter be FEBC Bocaue as scheduled daily 2300-2330 in the Iu language; not a good idea to confront RTI in Chinese and jamming at 2230-2430. The only mention of Iu in EiBi`s README.TXT language list is:``MIE Mien / Iu Mien: S China (0.4m), Vietnam (0.4m) [ium]``(Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** ROMANIA. 11825, Dec 11 at 1255, RRI closing English hour, VG S9+10/20. If also propagating this well from *1200, fine for ENAm and maybe CNAm beyond intended target W Europe. Too bad it`s not an hour later when more of us are awake, now a time when usually I am not (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** SOUTH CAROLINA [non]. 3215, Dec 11 at 0635, TOMBS is still going at S9+30 via WWCR, not off the air at 0600 as scheduled (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. WORLD OF RADIO 1960 monitoring: confirmed at 2058 Tuesday December 11, the 2030 on WRMI 7780, fair-poor S9-S5. Next:
0930 UT Wednesday Unique  5045 low-power NSW Australia
1030 UT Wednesday WRMI    5950
2200 UT Wednesday WRMI    9955 
2200 UT Wednesday WBCQ    7490v
0930 UT Friday    Unique  5045 low-power NSW Australia
0729 UT Saturday  HLR     6190-CUSB Germany to WSW
0930 UT Saturday  Unique  5045 low-power NSW Australia [alt.; Dec 22?]
1200 UT Saturday  Unique *9265 via WINB to WSW
1531 UT Saturday  HLR     9485-CUSB Germany to WSW
1700 UT Saturday  WRN    *5950 via WRMI to WNW [unconfirmed]
2030vUT Saturday  WA0RCR  1860-AM non-direxional
0400vUT Sunday    WA0RCR  1860-AM [nominal 0415], ND
0830 UT Sunday    WRMI    5850 to NW, 5950 to WNW, 7730 to WNW 
1130 UT Sunday    HLR     7265-CUSB Germany to WSW
2130 UT Sunday    WRMI    7780 to NE
0230 UT Monday    WRMI    5950 to WNW, 9395 to NNW
0400vUT Monday    WBCQ   *5130v Area 51 to WSW
0430 UT Monday    WRMI   *9955 to SSE
0930 UT Monday    Unique  5045 low-power NSW Australia
* also webcast; direct linx to these and many others at:

Complete updated WOR sked, all affiliates, satellite, webcast, AM&FM:
http://www.worldofradio.com/radioskd.html
(Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 5950, Dec 11 at 1218, VOA news, rather than RAE relay in Portuguese which continues on 9955 only, vs pulse jamming; 1220 commercial for EZMedicare.com with a very long incomprehensible fast-speed disclaimer which should drive away any customers who might have been hooked; Oldies-style WRMI ID by BB claiming to be on 9395! Where currently there is really a screaming gospel huxter rather like Blalock the Blaster, but that is really from TOMBS and roughly // 9330+ WBCQ. Anyhow, 12-13 at least is an Oldies hour on 5950 (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

** U S A. 5085, Dec 11 at 1213, WTWW-2 with Xmasmx at S9+20/30, along with parasite spurs 5072.1 & 5097.9. Has been running all night? (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

UNIDENTIFIED. Trans-Atlantic JBA MW carrier search, Dec 11 at 0627-0633, in the order checked: 747, 729, 693(2), 639, 621, 531, 1089, *1215, 1575. *= strongest, Absolute R, UK; (2)= at least two carriers beating. See also Trans-Pacific (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

UNIDENTIFIED. Trans-Pacific JBA MW carrier search, Dec 11 at 0627: mainly Europeans, see Trans-Atlantic, but the first one I check is 846 which at this hour I expect to be from R. Kiribati, Kiritimati (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

UNIDENTIFIED. 5055, Dec 11 at 1212, JBA carrier, perhaps 4KZ in Queensland, the only known broadcaster on this frequency. Nothing on 5045, where Unique Radio has supposed to have occupied the ex-Ozy Radio channel (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

UNIDENTIFIED [and non]. 7178-LSB, Dec 11 at 2248, pileup here, numerous hams talking over each other uttering nothing but their own callsigns over & over & over & over as most of them never get a contact; interspersed with pauses when everyone is listening, but on another frequency? Must be a DX-pedition or contest. 

Calls copied, not all 100% sure due to QRhaM, despite fonetix: W9BF, K9RM, KP4S, N2OO, K4ZF, K0KB, KB2FM, W3RJW. Note how many are 1x2 format. At 2251 I sidetune looking for the DX station, and on 7175-LSB hear WP4N say ``up 3`` but nothing further heard on 7175 in the next biminute. The only one I look up at QRZ.com is WP4N in case he be the object of their affexion: Carlos M Osorio, Carolina PR (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

UNIDENTIFIED. 7644.00-USB, Dec 11 at 2240, 2-way in Spanish; one has a bad case of mike clatter (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

UNIDENTIFIED. 9992.35-USB, Dec 11 at 2304, 2-way in Spanish with heavy engine noise which keeps the vox open even during speech pauses (Glenn Hauser, OK, DX LISTENING DIGEST)

This report despatched at 0249 UT December 12